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HOWTO: Setup an ethernet card from command line

Back again with very few commands regarding ethernet configuration.
When you deal with ethernet cards and you don't want to mess around with GUI stuff or utils you need to insert few basic commands to have your working network configuration.

When I'm in a totally new environment and I need to setup an ethernet card on the fly I've a script with few commands for it, I usually don't setup a new profile for the card, expecially if I don't need it or if it's just a test for casual usage. Again, when dealing with Live CD distros designed for special security tasks (my fav is BackTrack :-) ) I type these commands for getting everything done from the command line.
Let's see something:

Setting up the hostname and DNS stuff

# Setup hostname
hostname mycomputerhostname

# Here's a DNS setting
echo "nameserver" > /etc/resolv.conf
# adding as nameserver

When dealing with a live CD distro you don't care about /etc/resolv.conf file but if you're running from your own HD you maybe need to take a backup copy of the file before overriding it (something like cp resolv.conf resolv.backup.conf)

Now let's flush the eth card and setup the new ip address (let's assume we've a /dev/eth0 card to setup)

# Flush every network address for the device /dev/eth0
ip addr flush dev eth0

# Add a new IP address to /dev/eth0 (use the form you want, that's just mine)
ip addr add dev eth0
# adding, subnet mask ( to my eth card

# Let's bring it up and running
ip link set eth0 up

# Now add a default route, in the example
ip route add default via

And that's it !
Here're some basic settings for it, you can compose this material in a script like I did; again, no rocket science here but a very quick howto for command line fans

Next Step: Quick 'n' dirty networking commands

Hope it helps newbies and friends
Glad to read your comments


Andrea (Ben) Benini


Command Line Instant Messager With CenterIM

Well, I love the command line, I use Lynx to browse the web sometimes and I try to do all with the Command Line, and searching I found an Instant Messenger for the command line named CenterIM.



You can use this very cool IM to enable your Yahoo, Msn Messenger, ICQ, Jabber, etc account into one "Old School" menssenger. CenterIM has very useful tools to configure the messenger and the accounts. If you loe the CLI just like me, download it from here. Download the latest version (the previous has a problem with the msn login) Enjoy!!

Source: Voices in my Head


Creating OpenDocument slideshows with two simple scripts

A big issue with slideshows is that GUI presentation software, be it PowerPoint, OpenOffice Impress, KPresenter or anything else, can be quite time-consuming and distracting, no matter how you use it.

Writing bullets and sub bullets as simple text outlines is much faster, even when you're just pasting together notes you scrabbled on your PDA, email fragments, quotes from Web pages or thoughts of the moment. If you need to produce slideshows and think that the cleaner they are the better, but don't like the time it takes to put them together in a GUI, here's a solution: two scripts that take an empty OpenDocument template and insert into it the content of a plain text outline.


Converting my Acer Laptop from Windows XP to a Linux OS

I need help converting my Laptop into a Linux OS. I want to only use Linux now, I do NOT wish to use Microsoft anymore, so if someone can show me exacly how to convert my laptop, it would be a great help to me. I do not understand any site instructions I look up to do this, and everything is being very difficult to do, and no files I downloaded work that say use this to install linux. I go to sites, and follow the steps, and it leads me into NOTHING, a ERROR message or something that I can't do nothing about, which I don't understand, because I am the owner of my laptop, and no one else has access to it, unless someone from where I'm getting my internet from is abusing their power, knowing they won't get caught, do to rules, and regulations that are put forth in reality. Anyway, whoever can help me change from this stupid Microsoft to the GENIUS Linux, I'll buy you dinner...


Ubuntu With a K

Click here to read the original article on TechHaze - I'm starting to be very pissed off. “By what?” you might ask. Well, the answer has to do with cooperation.

When people do things separately, their strengths become apparent. Unfortunately, their weaknesses too. Linux is a great platform because it gives choice to its users. Two of the most debated choices in the Linux ecosystem are the choice of distribution / Operating System (OS) and the choice of Desktop Environment (DE). This diversity permits an incredible array of possible combinations, choices multiplied by choices, until each and every user can find what he or she needs. These choices also give us the possibility to compare, too see what we like and don't like, and to dig out the strengths and weaknesses of each of our choices.

The Limits of Ubuntu

Ubuntu has a great experience overall. It can satisfy most home users and in that it has reached its goal perfectly. Ubuntu is easy to use, in many respects easier to use than both Mac OS X and Windows 7, and I recommend it to many people I know.

After I did my review of Ubuntu Lucid, Florian Wardell told me he was tempted to install Ubuntu and give it a try. I spend a lot of my time criticizing his choice operating system (Mac OS X) and boasting the merits of Ubuntu, so it would have seemed natural if I had told him to go for it. This is not what i did however.

Instead of a continued praise of Ubuntu I hinted on what I percieve as one of it's chief weaknesses: GNOME. It's a pity Ubuntu still uses GNOME because it still feels and works like the last generation of Desktop environments, something that even a non-techie can feel if he has used one of the latest DE's extensively.

I do not question the creation of the GNOME Desktop Environment. GNOME is clean, simple and easy. At the time of it's creation, it was imperative for Linux to have a 100% free (as in freedom) desktop, something that the KDE project did not deliver (because of the Qt license at the time). As the two DE's evolved, GNOME took the smarter turns. It may have been simple, ugly, non-configurable and bland, but at least it wasn't confusing to use and remained simple. When KDE felt like a collection of features, GNOME felt like a solid desktop.

I do not question the original Choice of GNOME over KDE or any other DE or Window Manager either. I started using Linux several years ago with Ubuntu but I tried Kubuntu, the KDE version of Ubuntu, very early on. I liked several things about KDE, and my first thought was that it was a pity to have Kubuntu as a side-project, that it deserved as much attention as Ubuntu, and that it would have ben a better idea to have two Ubuntu derivatives, Gubuntu and Kubuntu. Very quickly, I changed my mind. Mainly, that was because my Kubuntu system was always far from stable, but I also felt the usability problems in KDE. The fact that it wasn't adapted for use by novice computer users and it's too high resemblance to Windows were my major concerns. GNOME was clearly the right choice at the time.

My opinion, however, is that this choice of GNOME over KDE is outdated. It doesn't consider the past and future evolutions of both desktop. I believe that GNOME doesn't serve the goals of Ubuntu.

But why Ubuntu?

At this point you might be asking why I even bother with Ubuntu. True, if I don't like its choice of desktop, I could easily switch to, say, OpenSuse. After all, that's precisely what Linux is about.

That said, Linux is evolving. Our beloved kernel is leaving the realm of geek exclusivity and going mainstream. In other words, it is now directly competing against the two major proprietary systems: Apple Mac OS and Microsoft Windows. In the forefront of this battle is Canonical's Ubuntu. Ubuntu has become popular for several reasons.

However, it is not because of its popularity that I'll use it as the sole opposition to Mac and Windows. Ubuntu is probably the only Linux distribution that fights against the two OS's on a level playing field. Ubuntu has the same goals as Windows and Mac OS, Ubuntu aims the same audience.

When new users come to Linux, they don't judge Linux, they judge the computer as a whole. I've had people telling me that “Linux is s**t” because they had tried the default Xandros installation on their EeePC (which sucks, for that matter), or because they had tested Strangebuntu/Tomboctubuntu, a variant of a variant of a variant of Ubuntu. Fortunately, most users will come to Ubuntu as their first Linux OS, and they will judge Linux by the (generally pleasant) Ubuntu experience. It is therefore extremely important for Linux as a hole that Ubuntu fares well.

Ubuntu is rather unique in the world of Linux. Despite all the criticism that it has received, it has managed to capture users. At every release, it improves, not only because Linux in general is improving, but because it rethinks the desktop in new and interesting ways. Ubuntu is also doing what only proprietary systems did in the past and is integrating services like Ubuntu One--an integrated cloud-based solution--and the Ubuntu One Music store.

If it were just that Ubuntu was at the forefront of Linux, I might jut give it some peace and let it grow. Ubuntu is much more than that, and Linux has a stake in it.


KDE and GNOME are now very different projects, some may even say that they have changed roles. GNOME is a huge project, dominated in some part by its corporate support. Most of the major distributions – which are almost all supported by a company – use GNOME. It is not surprising that each has a stake in the GNOME evolution. As a consequence, GNOME can't be radical, GNOME can't take risks. In short, while GNOME is undergoing a steady evolution, it can't revolutionize anything which could put it's stability or usability at risk.

KDE, on the other hand, can boast being a free desktop. Qt (The cross-platform toolkit it is based on) is now licensed through the GNU LGPL, a free (as in freedom) and open-source license, which makes it the free option of the two. However, that's not what's important; the important part is its evolution. The latest version of KDE was built practically from scratch y the developpers, with no constraints nor pressure from third parties. This meant that KDE could really rethink the desktop. This also meant that KDE 4.0 outraged people, mostly because of its complete lack of stability, but also because it was not what people expected. The KDE developers decided to explore a new path in interface design, for the better or for the worst. The result is what we have today, KDE SC 4.4.

KDE4 is beautiful, powerful, integrated, simple and different.

  • KDE's Oxygen theme is one of the most beautiful themes out there, easily competing with Microsoft Windows' Aero or Apple Mac OS X's Aqua. I'll give the reader the freedom to decide which one is the most beautiful, but the facts are that most people are positively surprised when they experience Oxygen for the first time. Oxygen just feels right. It's clean, simple, and lightweight.
  • KDE's interface is in many sense what I would call "powerful". Qt permits a very clean but modulable panel system applicable to very different tasks and applications, as diverse as the kOffice suite and the Dolphin file browser. This makes Qt applications – both those installed in the default DE Software Compilation those not directly linked to KDE – more efficient than their GTK+ equivalents. In fact, I prefer most major KDE applications to their competitors on all OS's, and I often consider them be the best in their field. Sometimes, though, Some GNOME applications are better than the KDE equivalent. In these cases, I would argue that each and every one of these applications could easily have been written in Qt. The applications belong to GNOME because it is more popular or because it is the developper's choice desktop, not because GTK+ permits the developer to do anything that Qt wouldn't. When a GTK+ application is better, it could have been written in Qt. The opposite is not true.
  • KDE is an example of cross-integration; applications work together, use powerful common libraries, blend in the Plasma desktop seamlessly. KDE is the only open-source desktop that feels truly complete in the same way as Mac OS or Windows feel. There is no different theme of design from one app to the next. When you use a KDE4 application, you know you are using KDE4, and you're happy. I switched to KDE in great part thanks to this feel. I would never have done the same for GNOME, even when I was on Windows XP.
  • KDE is also simple. Since KDE4, the developing team has worked a lot on useability, and that shows. When Ubuntu was created, the choice between GNOME and KDE was the choice between simple applications and confusing ones. Today, KDE applications are generally only slightly more complex, even when they are more empowering. Again, the malleable panel system is great, but clean looks also play a great part in the experience. KDE also decided to hide most buttons by default and tweaked the experience of most apps. KDE is simple and clean, but that without compromising power, efficiency and configurability.
  • That doesn't mean KDE became a Mac OS- or Windows- like environment. KDE is definitively different. It has some details that resemble Windows here and there, but the experience it provides is as unique as any system's. This difference, however, has never been designed simply "to be different". Plasma is different because it is innovative. It created a new way to wey and interact with the desktop. It is different as Linux should be.

KDE is the positive side of Linux. The empowerment of the user. Without the fault it has suffered for so long: the lack of consistency. KDE is what Linux deserves.

The Best of Both Worlds

Ubuntu's mission from the start was to bring a simple Linux distribution to the masses while still remaining different. It has acheived this goal, mainly because GNOME uses a unique interface that is as different to Mac OS and Windows as they are to each other. The same, however, could be said about KDE. Even though it mimics the very basic parts of windows (the "K menu" is close to the "Start menu") it works in a unique way. In fact, the basic outlines of the desktop's layout that can be traced back to Windows can be changed.

There are also parts of GNOME that I love, kubuntu

Ubuntu still lacks a powerful desktop. KDE still lacks simple applications like the Ubuntu Software Center and commercial solutions like the Ubuntu One Music Store. Ubuntu could bring to KDE what it lacks, and vice-versa.

Kubuntu is not enough because it does not bring the Ubuntu experience to KDE. Instead, it simply pastes the KDE Plasma desktop un the Ubuntu OS. Kubuntu does not profit from Ubuntu's efforts on interface design, integration, and extra tools. If we ever want to see that, it is necessary that KDE becomes the default Ubuntu desktop or Kubuntu becomes Canonical's primary OS.

The best short-term solution would be if Canonical would spread its efforts between GNOME and KDE for a few years. Then they could keeps the one that gives them the best result. I am ready to bet much more than what I have that it would be KDE.

Near the end of 2009, I wrote an article telling people to use GNOME, but pray for KDE. KDE has made a lot of progress since then. That article is outdated. It is time that we forget GNOME, and use KDE.


Sometimes I have the impression that Linux is now all about Ubuntu versus KDE and no more about Ubuntu vs. other distros or KDE versus GNOME. It does not have to be that way as there's no logical reason why these two projects should be opposed. If the Ubuntu community was to concentrate its efforts on KDE instead of GNOME, we might finally get what we've been waiting for all along: a really good Linux OS that competes with–and beats–proprietary systems in all respects.

I believe KDE needs Ubuntu, and Ubuntu needs KDE. What do you think?

Contact the author via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , or comment on the original post


Easily suspending programs

Have you ever been faced in a situation where your computer gets totally frozen, and you can barely move you mouse cursor, and wished that there is a pause button, like the control + alt + Escape from KDE that kills the selected applications window.

Now you can! - with my little BASH script.

(If the paste expires, please notify me, and I post a fresh one ;) )

What the script does:
when the script is connected with a keyboard shortcut, when one pressed the combo:
control + alt + ~ or the chosen combination, the mouse cursor will change to a cross, which we can now click on any window, than the program will suspend using the STOP signal.

Another shortcut is used to wake the application, it's the same procedure, point and click the suspended applications window :D.

This is an exported settings file for the shortcuts in KDE4, just change $HOME to your path to the script, and than import it using KDE4 System Settings in the category Input Actions.

It works on programs made in>
Python, C, C++, mono-C#,  perl and other languages, except for Java, which has one central virtual machine that loads Java classes.

Usage of my scrpt, for instance, one needs to search something, but the system is overloaded due to the programming IDE (like Eclipse), so it points to the Eclipse window, the scripts the PID from the xwindow-id and suspends the application with kill -STOP ourPid.

Looking forward to make my GNU/Linux box faster and more usable :), despite my machines power  :D.

P.S: if someone knows any better script/program or have made one, please give me a link, please :).



Few functions to draw lines, circles and ellipses in Java.

These days I'm working on few games which I'm writing in Java. I needed functions to draw lines and circles etc. Instead of using the Java libraries, I wrote my own functions. Thinking may be some day, some body else  use them too I'm putting the source code to these functions here, in my blog.

//                                                            //
// Written by, Sohail Qayum Malik                                              //
// Last modified on, Monday, 7th of March, 2010 @7:12AM           //

package Nibbles;

import java.lang.Math;
import java.awt.Graphics;

public class NibblesFunctions {

   //Bresenham circle
   //Read the following book at page 29...
   //"Computer+Graphics++"SCHAUM's+outline+series"&cd=1#v=onepage&q= "Computer Graphics  "SCHAUM's outline series"&f=false
   // a and b is an origin ordinate pair(a,b)
   // r is the radius                                   
   public static void drawCircle(Graphics graphics, int a, int b, int r) {
      //We'll start at the right hand side of the circle
      //First point is always on the circle so error is zero and we know that x is r and y is 0
      //There are only two valid moves...
      //Up = x^2 + (y + 1)^2 - r^2 and Left = (x - 1)^2 + (y + 1)^2 - r^2
      //Our d = Up + Left     
      int x = r, y = 0, d = 3 - 2*r;
      // x is initially r, x will be same as y at 45(degree) angle
      while(y <= x) {
         // Eight way symmetry of circle
         graphics.drawString(".", x + b, y + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", y + b, x + a); 
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*y + b, x + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*x + b, y + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*x + b, (-1)*y + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*y + b, (-1)*x + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", y + b, (-1)*x + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", x + b, (-1)*y + a);
         if(d < 0) // move Up = d + Up + 2  
            d = d + 4*y + 6;
         else { // move Left = d + Left + 2
            d = d - 4*(x - y) + 10;
           //Since we've started at the right hand side of the circle
            x = x - 1;
         // Since we have started at top of the circle
         y = y + 1;                                
   //Bresenham circle
   //Read the following book at page 29...
   //"Computer+Graphics++"SCHAUM's+outline+series"&cd=1#v=onepage&q= "Computer Graphics  "SCHAUM's outline series"&f=false 
   // a and b is an origin ordinate pair(a,b)
   // r is the radius                                   
   public static void drawCircle(Graphics graphics, int a, int b, int r) {
      //We'll start at the top of the circle
      //First point is always on the circle so error is zero and we know that x is zero and y is r         
      int x = 0, y = r, d = 3 - 2*r;
      // x is initially zero, x will be same as y at 45(degree) angle
      while(x <= y) {
         // Eight way symmetry of circle
         graphics.drawString(".", x + b, y + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", y + b, x + a); 
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*y + b, x + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*x + b, y + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*x + b, (-1)*y + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*y + b, (-1)*x + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", y + b, (-1)*x + a);
         graphics.drawString(".", x + b, (-1)*y + a);
         if(d < 0) // move right
            d = d + 4*x + 6;
         else { // move down
            d = d + 4*(x - y) + 10;
           //Since we've started at the top of the circle
            y = y - 1;
         // Since we have started at top of the circle
         x = x + 1;                                
   //Bresenham line
   //Read chapter 3 at page 28 of the following book   
   //"Computer+Graphics++"SCHAUM's+outline+series"&cd=1#v=onepage&q= "Computer Graphics  "SCHAUM's outline series"&f=false
   //I also went through following two documents
   public static void drawLine(Graphics graphics, int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2)  {
       int x, y, dx, dy, d, ystep, tmp;

      //This algorithm only deals with lines having shallow slopes. When a line has steep slope then we take the advantage of the fact that steep line can be reflected across the line y = x
      boolean steep = Math.abs(y2 - y1) > Math.abs(x2 - x1);   

       //Yes line has steep slope make it shallow  
       if(steep) {
          //swap(x1, y1) 
          //Because Java for scalar types is pass by value
          tmp = y1;
          y1 = x1;
          x1 = tmp;
          //swap(x2, y2)
          //Because Java for scalar types is pass by value
          tmp = y2;
          y2 = x2;
          x2 = tmp;               
       //We always move from left to right(that is x is always incremented)
       if(x1 > x2) {
          //swap(x1, x2);
          //Because Java for scalar types is pass by value
          tmp = x2;
          x2 = x1;
          x1 = tmp;

           //swap(y1, y2)
           //Because Java for scalar types is pass by value
           tmp = y2;
           y2 = y1;
           y1 = tmp;
       dx = x2 - x1;  
       dy = Math.abs(y2 - y1);
       //Initial value, the first and the last points are always on the line, so error is zero(2e=2(0)=0)
       //e = dyX - dxY + c
       //eR = dy(X + 1) - dxY + c = e + dy
       //eD = dy(X + 1) - dx(Y + 1) + c = e + dy - dx
       //d = eR + eD
       d = 2*dy - dx;
       //Find out if we'll increment or decrement y
       if(y1 < y2) 
          ystep = 1;
           ystep = -1;

       //Initial values(initial ordinate pair) 
       x = x1;
       y = y1;
       while(x <= x2) {
           //x is reflected as y(transitive)  
              graphics.drawString(".", y, x);
              graphics.drawString(".", x, y);   

           //We only allow two moves, move to the right, or move diagonally. when we move to the right we only increment x otherwise we increment both(sign of ystep)
           if(d < 0) 
              d = d + 2*dy;
           else {
               d = d + 2*dy - 2*dx;
               y = y + ystep;

           x = x + 1;      

   // Trigonometric method
   // a = length of major axis, b = length of minor axis
   // h,k ordinate pair for the center of the ellipse
   // x = a * cos(0 to PI/2 radians) + h 
   // y = b * sin(0 to PI/2 radians) + k
   // Inorder to rotate on axis, make minor greater than major
   public static void drawEllipse(Graphics graphics, int h, int k, int a, int b) {      
        int x = 0, y = 0; 
        //i is the magnitude of increment to radian at each step, this should not be fixed as it is now
        double radian = 0, i = 0.01;

        while(radian <= Math.PI/2) {
            x = (int)(a*(Math.cos(radian)));
            y = (int)(b*(Math.sin(radian)));
            //Ellipses have 4 way symmetry
           graphics.drawString(".", x + h, y + k);  
           graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*x + h, y + k); 
           graphics.drawString(".", (-1)*x + h, (-1)*y + k); 
           graphics.drawString(".", x + h, (-1)*y + k); 

           radian = radian + i;  
   // It is easy, no special algorithm there, just draw four lines
   public static void drawRectangle(Graphics graphics, int x1, int y1, int width, int height) {
      drawLine(graphics, x1, y1, x1 + width, y1);
      drawLine(graphics, x1, y1 + height, x1 + width, y1 + height);
      drawLine(graphics, x1, y1, x1, y1 + height);
      drawLine(graphics, x1 + width, y1, x1 + width, y1 + height);      
   public static void fillRectangle(Graphics graphics, int x1, int y1, int width, int height) {
        int x, y;
        if(width < 2 || height < 2) {
           drawRectangle(graphics, x1, y1, width, height);
        for(y = 0; y < height + 1; y++)
            for(x = 0; x < width + 1; x++)      
                graphics.drawString(".", x1 + x, y1 + y);             

   public static void fillCircle(Graphics graphics, int a, int b, int r) {
        int r1;
        for(r1 = r; r1 > 0; r1--)  
            drawCircle(graphics, a, b, r1);     



Legal Use of Codecs in Linux

I am still a Windows XP user thinking about trying out a Linux distribution.

I installed VLC Media Player recently on XP, and then applied my ultimate test for any media player: I popped in a DVD and checked if VLC could play it. Even on a copy of XP, it could not as the required codecs were missing.

If I switch to Linux I would like to be able to play DVDs legally, even if I have to pay to use the codecs.

Read more... Comment (0)

Understanding the Linux mindset

Having been around the UNIX world since the late 70's (UCB BSD ancillary member), seeing it grow, fracture, lay dormant for several years, get beat in the market place by Windows and Macintosh (pre-OSX), and then finally seeing it take its rightful place in an ever increasing complex world of computing, I am reminded of the once simple concept of the USB BSD development philosophy:

"Simplicity is better than complexity if the latter prevents completion."

The Linux world has grown so much since first deployed in 1994 by LT and his team of volunteers; however, I think that we on the verge of dissipating our energies with all the different versions, desktops, repositories, scripting environments, etc. How is a commercial entity suppose to embrace a world where most often even 2 UNIX experts can not or will not agree on the least forms of "best practices."

In my opinion, the main reason that a clearly inferior product such as Windows has completely dominated the desktop market is that there is one voice, one champion, one source of ultimate authority for the operation and deployment of Windows -- UNIX/Linux is all over the place with almost new distribution coming out daily.

I hope that before I retire or move on to other pursuits that there might come a meeting of the minds about how to de-fracture the UNIX/Linux world so that the masses out there can release themselves from the myopic perspective of Redmond (they are a good company, just misguided about how to develop a solid OS). Trying to help users see the beauty of an open source, community developed, GNU-based operating system, one desktop at a time while gallant is very tiring and time-consuming.

In the words of someone, somewhere: "Can't we all just get along?" I know that this is hopelessly naive, but the mindset of UNIX/Linux in my opinion should have always been:

"doing the most good for the most people with the least amount of effort."

Proprietary operating systems like Windows and OSX (yes, its proprietary -- try developing for it without Apple's approval) should have been a long-lost legacy, not something that we are still having to deal with in the 21st century.

Linux users should be willing to lead on this point, not continue to support the divide that ultimately forces the myriad number of desktop users into the arms of Redmond and Cupertino.

In my humble opinion only,

Paul Nanouk
















Intrepid-class Computer

How old is your computer? One year old? 2 years old? Or more? Mine must be about 4 now... Time to throw it up?

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Install Minimal Ubuntu and Fluxbox

Install a minimal ubuntu system with the mini.iso.

You can get the image from
Choose the release you want and the architecture appropriate for your machine.

If in doubt, get the 8.04 hardy for i386 (this is the LTS release for standard x86 machines).

At the boot prompt, type cli and hit enter.

This will install a minimal, command line only system.

No graphical packages will be installed and we avoid the gnome dependencies.

One caveat I encountered is that the installer succeeded in autoconfiguring my Intel Pro Wireless card,
but only offered WEP encryption support. Since my router is WPA encrypted, I had to temporarily disable wireless security (or use WEP).
(Once the system is installed and wpa_supplicant added, I reactivated WPA encryption.)

When the system install is completed and the initial boot is done you should be presented with a login in the terminal.

Login with your username and password, update apt repositories and upgrade packages with:

$ sudo aptitude update
$ sudo aptitude safe-upgrade
$ sudo aptitude full-upgrade

then install a minimal graphical environment with:

$ sudo aptitude install xorg slim synaptic medit dillo fluxbox xfce4-terminal xinit menu menu-xdg alsa-utils gdebi-core logrotate localepurge

Note: you can use any terminal emulator you want, I happen to like xfce4-terminal.  :)
logrotate will overwrite old log files with new ones and save disk space.
localepurge removes all of the support and files for languages you DO NOT select. You will be prompted with instructions. Read and follow them. I selected the three that begin with en_US and chose to remove everything else.
Dillo is a light-weight web browser without all of the firefox dependencies.
Medit is an Awesome text editor which I enjoy. Xedit will be installed too.

After this, setup will continue and you will soon be presented another graphical prompt regarding uswap and swap space.
Select No (do not continue without swap = let uswap find a swap partition...if you have set one up.)

Once you get back to the terminal prompt, type

$ startx

to start the graphical interface and window manager, Fluxbox.

You should see a blank background and a small taskbar at the bottom of the screen.

Welcome to fluxbox!

Where's the "Start" button?
or just a menu?

Right-click the desktop. Voila!

Up next:


Page 7 of 11

Upcoming Linux Foundation Courses

  1. LFD312 Developing Applications For Linux
    16 Feb » 20 Feb - Atlanta - GA
  2. LFD331 Developing Linux Device Drivers
    16 Feb » 20 Feb - San Jose - CA
  3. LFS220 Linux System Administration
    16 Feb » 19 Feb - Virtual

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