Wearable electronics are accessories with advanced electronic technologies. Wearable devices are worn on the body, which enable wireless networking and mobile computing. These devices enable end-users to integrate computer in their daily activity and use technology to take advantage of advanced features and characteristics. Wearable electronics devices include product such as smart goggles, finger worn scanners, wrist wears such as wrist bands and electronics watches, foot wears namely fitness and sport shoes and athletic shoes, and others products such as neck-wear and head bands. Increasing proliferation of smart watches and smart glasses and their ability to share data with smart-phone are expected to drive the growth of wearable electronics market over the forecast period. However, high initial cost of these devices will restrict the growth of this market to some extent.
Read More @ http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/wearable-electronics-market.html
The wearable electronics market can be segmented into four major types into components, product, applications, and technology. The wearable electronics market can be segmented on the basis of types of components into seven major categories namely networking and positioning components, power supply components, sensing components, optoelectronic and display component, controls components and interface components.
On the basis of product the wearable electronics market can be segment into six categories namely wrist-wear, eye-wear, body-wear, foot-wear, neck wear and others (head-wear and finger wear). The wearable electronics market can be segmented on the basis of size of applications into four categories which include healthcare application, consumer application, industrial applications and commercial applications. On the basis of technology the market can be segmented into six categories namely display technologies, computing technologies, positioning technologies, networking technologies, speech recognition technology and sensor technologies. The market can also be segmented geographically into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World (Latin America, Middle East and Africa).
Some of the key drivers of this market include increasing demand for sophisticated gadgets with advanced features, enhanced adoption of wearable electronic products in new applications and shifting trend towards communication and networking technologies for wearable electronics, which are the biggest revenue generators for wearable electronics market. The key restraints to this market are high initial cost, privacy concerns, and poor consumption, which are hindering the growth of this market.
Some of the key players in the wearable electronics market are Apple Inc., Adidas AG, Google Inc., AT & T Inc., Glassup SRL, Epson Corporation, Imprint Energy Inc., Infineon Technologies AG, Nike Inc., Shimmer Research Inc. and weartech S.L among others.
Forlinx Embedded(http://www.forlinx.net/), a company based in Baoding, Hebei, China specializing in embedded systems design and manufacturing, has recently launched OK335xS-II single board computer powered by Texas Instruments AM335x SoC which should be “the cheapest industrial Cortex-A8 board in history” as it sells for as low as 298 RMB or about $49.
Forlinx_OK335xS-IIOK335xS-II board is comprised of a baseboard and a CPU module soldered to the base board with the following specifications:
SoC – Texas Instruments AM335X ARM Cortex-A8 processor @ 800MHz with PowerVR SGX530 GPU
System Memory – 128M DDR3 + micro SD slot
Storage – 256MB SLC NAND Flash
Display I/F – LCD interface with support for LCD to LVDS and LCD to VGA, and resistive touchscreen interface
Connectivity – 1x 100M Ethernet
USB – 1x USB 2.0 host, 1x mini USB 2.0 device
Serial – 5x serial port (1x debug interface, 4x TTL port)
Expansions headers – 5 headers with access to
7x AD (2x for user, 1x for slide rheostat, 4x for resistive touch)
1x I2C, 1x SPI
3x PWM(1x backlight, 1x buzzer, 1x user expansion)
Misc – 2x LEDs, 3x user keys, boot and reset key, boot switch, battery for external RTC chip
Power Supply – 5V
Dimensions – 52 x 42mm (CPU module); 104.2 x 81 mm (Baseboard)
Operating Temperature Range – -40℃ to +85 ℃
Relative Humidity – 10%～90%
what 's more, 4.3”, 5”, 7”, 8”, and 10.4” LCD could be provided to work with the board, Wi-Fi can be added via SDIO or USB, and the boot switch is used to select between NAND or SD card boot.
Both Linux 3.2 and Win CE6.0 are supported, and the board apparently sells pre-loaded with Linux 3.2. WinCE OS will be officially released soon. “abundant documentation” with Linux and WinCE software manual, a Qt development guide, and various sample programs are provided.
For more details, please visit www.forlinx.net.
I have often faced questions like: what application hosting means and how it becomes handy to small and mid sized business? It is a common concept, but will be very difficult to understand if not given correct definitions. Let me try to explain it thoroughly.
Firstly, you should keep in your mind Application Hosting as ASP (Application Service Provider), SaaS (Software-as-a-Service), On-Demand software, or simply Outsourcing of your few IT needs. Though all of these keywords are correlated, they are not completely interchangeable, but the concept is the basically the same and fairly simple.
What Does Application Hosting Mean?
Application hosting is a software application distribution system where your application - CRM, tax and accounting application or other custom applications, are maintained and managed by a qualified service provider and made available to you, as a service over the Internet. So, it means that your applications are not going to reside on your in-house setup, it is going to be installed on the servers of hosting provider. The application can be easily accessed and shared by your company staffs, through a web browser. So, in the case of application hosting, the software hosting vendor is responsible for 24X7support, maintenance, installations, upgrades and security.
What is a standard hosting Provider?
The major characteristics of a standard application hosting provider is a company that has either developed the application and/or is certified by a software manufacturer. The major core benefit of having a standard hosting provider is that they have extensive working experience on related technologies and they know all the ins and outs. They know exactly how to make the application work and are able to support you with best available practices.
What are the Highlights of a standard hosting:
With an excellent hosting service, you should get the following:
Efficient backup practices to ensure data integrity
Instant setup and migration
Easy to use
Reduced cost with software, infrastructure and IT staff
24X7 technical support
Automatic and frequent upgrades
Ability to adopt new technologies
What are the major Benefits:
The major benefit of application hosting is that you have a common platform for your practices instead of having separate desktops for each individuals. This helps you to share a common data base to each, improving your team collaboration and overall productivity. In addition, you will get:
Sharing the information at a single platform
Enhanced company image and customer loyalty
Reduced costs and increased revenue
What kind of business entities look to host?
Since, application hosting is adopted a general practice, small and medium sized businesses are more aggressive to go ahead. Tax and Accounting firms have adopted application hosting as their core platform. QuickBooks hosting provider helps them to solve their purpose.
Microsoft Office still dominates market share of office suites. Businesses have often rejected free Office alternatives. However, whether this will continue is uncertain. With the cost of a price plan for Microsoft Office, the average home user or small business will welcome a free alternative. Fortunately, there are some truly excellent free alternatives available for Linux (and other operating systems). Not all of the office suites featured here are released under an open source license, but they are all free to download and use without charge.
<A HREF="http://www.linuxlinks.com/article/20140824033911347/FreeOfficeSuites.html">Complete story</A>
Creep occurs on SD585 soldered balls of some cross-connect boards on Huawei transmission OptiX OSN 3500 equipment so these boards repeatedly reset, fail to work, and report BD_STATUS alarms.
There is a possibility that this problem occurs as a result of long-term exposure of the boards involved to high temperature.
1. Boards are reset repeatedly and fail to work.
2. NEs may report BD_STATUS alarms or COMMUN_FAIL alarms on cross-connect boards.System control boards may report BIOS_STATUS alarms on cross-connect boards.
The problem can be identified if the following two conditions are met:
1. The boards are manufactured in Feb 2010, Apr 2010, May 2010, Jul 2010, Aug 2010, or Mar 2011.
2. The cross-connect boards are repeatedly reset and fail to work. The board BOMs are found in the attached Board Delivery Information.
The SD585 chip radiator uses the thick spring, which applies high levels of stress to the chip. The soldered ball of the SD585 chip may deform and short-circuit as a result of long-term exposure to high temperature. Therefore, the board repeatedly reset and fail to work.
[Impact and Risk]
1. Services are not influenced because of the 1+1 protection scheme is configured on the cross-connect boards. When a cross-connect board is faulty, services are switched over to the other cross-connect board.
2. In extra situations, both cross-connect boards configured in the 1+1 protection scheme become faulty in a short time. As a result, the NE fails to work and services are interrupted.
[Measures and Solutions]
Replace the faulty cross-connect board.
Reference and buy new similar boards in Huawei network product distributors
Replace the faulty boards.
Material handling after replacement:
Return the spare parts for repair.
Replace the faulty boards.
SSN1SXCSA02 (03030KBM) boards are out of production, so replace SSN1SXCSA02 boards with SSN1SXCSA01 (03030DKF) when filling in an electric process application for board rectification in batches. The two kinds of boards can be mixedly inserted or completely replace each other. Active and standby boards of the same type are recommended.
Summary: The clock chips used on some TN55 of Huawei OSN product Optical OSN 8800 NE have design defects. As a result, the failure rate of the chips is 5% after they are in service for 2 years. In the case of a clock chip failure, services on these boards will be interrupted and cannot be restored even after you remove and reinsert or perform a cold reset on the boards.
The chip failure rate is 5% within 2 years. The chip failure rate is proportional to the service period but is irrelevant to application scenarios.
On the transmission faulty board, a Hard_Bad alarm is reported and cannot be cleared and services are interrupted.
1. Check the bar codes of the boards against the attachment. If the bar codes are included in the attachment which provided by the official website, you can determine that the boards are at risk of a clock chip failure.
2. If the previously described symptom occurs on a TN55 board, you can determine that the board is at risk of a clock chip failure.
You can also query the register using the following commands.
The clock chip has design defects. As a result, the TN55 boards have 5% failure rate within 2 years.
[Impact and Risk]
Optical OSN 8800: On a board with a defective clock chip, a Hard_Bad alarm is reported and services are interrupted. The services cannot be restored even after you remove and reinsert or perform a cold reset on the board. The chip failure rate is 5% within 2 years and is proportional to the service period.
[Measures and Solutions]
Replace the boards with a defective clock chip.
Replace the boards with a defective clock chip.
Material handling after replacement:
For markets outside China directly scrap the boards. For markets inside China, send the boards back to the Spare Parts Center for disposal.
The problem described in the pre-warning is triggered when the following four conditions are all met:
1.TPS is triggered or restored by the TPS protection group consisting of transmission boards in slot 12 and 13.
2. The NE type is OptiX OSN 1500B and its version is included in the “Versions Involved” part.
3. The NE is configured with a TPS protection group consisting of processing boards in slots 12 and 13.
4. The NE is configured with a service processing board that needs work with an interface board in slot 7 or 8, such as SSR1PD1 and SSR2PD1. In addition, services are configured on the board.
The fault scenarios are as follows:
Scenario 1: Boards in slots 12 and 13 form a TPS protection group, and a board in slot 7 or 8 is not configured with TPS protection.
When TPS is triggered by the TPS protection group consisting of boards in slots 12 and 13, services on the board in slot 7 or 8 are interrupted and the T_ALOS alarm is reported. After the TPS is restored, the T_ALOS alarm is cleared and the services on the board are recovered.
Scenario 2: Boards in slots 12 and 13 form a TPS protection group, and a board in slot 7 or 8 is configured with the TPS protection group.
1. TPS is not triggered on the boards in slots 7 and 8:
When the TPS protection group consisting of boards in slots 12 and 13 triggers TPS, services on the boards in slot 7 and 8 are interrupted, and the boards in slots 7 and 8 report the T_ALOS alarm. When the TPS protection group consisting of boards in slots 12 and 13 is restored to the idle state, the T_ALOS alarm is cleared and the services on the boards in slots 7 and 8 are recovered.
2. If TPS is triggered on the board in slot 7 or 8:
When TPS protection group consisting of boards in slots 12 and 13 is restored to the idle state, services on the board in slot 7 or 8 are interrupted and the T_ALOS alarm is reported. When TPS on the board in slot 7 and 8 is restored, the services on the board are recovered and the T_ALOS alarm is cleared.
The problem described in the pre-warning is triggered when the following three conditions are all met:
1. The NE type is OptiX OSN 1500B and its version is included in the “Versions Involved” part.
2. The NE is configured with TPS protection groups consisting of the service processing boards in slots 12 and 13. In addition, the NE is configured with a service processing board in slot 7 or 8 that needs to work with an interface board (such as SSR1PD1 and SSR2PD1).
3. Services on the boards in slots 7 and 8 are interrupted and the T_ALOS alarm is reported, which is triggered by TPS or TPS restoration in the TPS protection group consisting of boards in slots 12 and 13.
The software version has defects. Boards in slot 12 and 13 form a TPS protection group. When TPS is triggered or restored, relays on boards in slots 16 and 17 are switched no matter whether two interface boards are required to be configured on the service processing board in slot 13.
If two interface boards are required by the board in slot 13, the valid slots are slots 16 and 17.
If one interface board is required by the board in slot 13, the valid slot is slot 16.
When a service processing board with an interface board is required by the board in slot 7 or 8 (the interface board is in slot 15 or 17), services on the boards in slots 7 and 8 are affected due to TPS or TPS restoration in the TPS protection group consisting of the boards in slots 12 and 13.
[Impact and Risks]
TPS and TPS restoration will interrupt the services on boards in slots 7 and 8 which are configured with a TPS protection group consisting of boards in slots 12 and 13.
Measures and Solutions
It is recommended that you restore TPS for scenario 1 and trigger TPS to ensure that two TPS protection groups are in the idle state for scenario 2.
Currently, there are two methods available for working around the problem.
1. Do not configure TPS protection groups for boards in slots 12 and 13.
2. Configure TPS protection groups for boards in slots 12 and 13 on an OptiX OSN 1500B subrack but do not configure service processing boards or configure service processing boards that do not work with interface boards in slots 7 and 8.
Abstract: A user fails to download configuration data to an OSN 1500 with an interface board of dynamic ports due to the lack of logical configurations on tributary interface boards. As a result, services may be interrupted.
1:The download fails or partially fails. Dynamic port and service data fail to be downloaded to NEs, as shown in the following figure.
2:The download succeeds. However, the interface board becomes dimmed on the NE Panel. This is only a display issue and does not affect NMS functionality.
Before the download:
After the download:
The preceding symptoms occur if boards are installed in slots 6 and 7 on the OSN 1500A. (Slots 6 and 7 are used to install interface boards.)
The preceding symptoms occur if boards are installed in slots 14, 15, 16, and 17 on the OSN 1500B. (Slots 14, 15, 16, and 17 are used to install interface boards.)
1.2 [Root Cause]
For earlier versions of OSN 1500A 18.104.22.168 and earlier version of OSN 1500B 22.214.171.124: Interface boards are not applied to NEs due to incorrect logical configurations. As a result, dynamic port and service data fail to be downloaded.
For OSN 1500A 126.96.36.199 and later versions: The NMS does not apply interface boards last. Therefore, if the processing board on which interface board application depends is not added, configuration data fails to be downloaded.
1.3 [Impact and Risks]
1. NE type involved: OSN 1500
Board types affected:
N1D75S, N1D12S, N1D12B, N1MU04, N1TSB8, N1ETF8, N1EFF8, N1EU04, N1OU08, N2OU08, N1EU08, N1TSB4, N1ETS8, N1DM12, N1D34S, N1C34S, L75S, and L12S
2.Scenario 1: The download fails or partially fails. Logical boards are not downloaded to the OSN 1500. As a result, services depending on the logical boards fail to be downloaded and the download process ends.
3.Scenario 2: The download succeeds. However, logical boards are not downloaded to the OSN 1500. This does not affect services and alarm reporting but affects board display.
1.4 [Measures and Solutions]
Do not download data to an OSN 1500 with interface boards on the NMS. Use DC to back up and restore the database of the OSN 1500.
If an OSN 1500 is equipped with interface boards and the configuration data fails to be downloaded. Perform the following restoration measures:
- If the database of the OSN 1500 has been backed up, use DC to restore the database.
- If the database of the OSN 1500 has not been backed up, restore the download in either of the following ways:
− Install a patch to resolve this problem and download the configuration data to the OSN 1500 again.
− Change the OSN 1500 to a preconfigured NE on the U2000, record the associated services of its interface boards, delete the interface boards and associated services, then download configuration data to the OSN 1500, and add interface boards and associated services to it.
The problem has been resolved in the following NMS versions:
- NMS versions involved for the OSN 1500A (earlier versions of 188.8.131.52) and OSN 1500B (earlier versions of 184.108.40.206):
− U2000 V100R005C00CP6032 and later
− U2000 V100R006C00CP3011 and later
− U2000 V100R006C02CP3001 and later
- NMS versions involved for the OSN 1500A (220.127.116.11 and later):
− U2000 V100R002C01CP5035 and later
− U2000 V100R006C02SPC302 and later
The global Smart Cities Market is expected to reach a value of USD 1,265.85 billion by 2019, growing at a CAGR of 14.0% from 2013 to 2019. Increase in migration from rural to urban areas is the major factor responsible for the growth of smart cities market, globally. North America was the largest contributor to the smart cities market and accounted for a share of 34.5% in 2012. This is mainly attributed to the increasing smart grid investments, upgradation in the water infrastructure and transportation sector. The manufacturers in this region are investing more in smart meters and smart grids to provide an excellent foundation for smart city programs.
Browse the full Smart Cities Market Report at http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/smart-cities-market.html
Among the different application categories, smart transportation segment held the largest share of around 16% in 2012. This was due to the growing demand for advanced traffic management, building a superior environment and reducing the volume of delivery vehicles. At the same time, smart transportation links the modes of transport to improve the traffic flow in both urban and inter-urban networks. Smart transportation system helps in minimizing the economic burden of government by reducing traveling delays and fuel consumption rate. Smart security is the fastest growing segment and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 15.0% during the forecast period from 2013 to 2019. One of the reasons for the growing popularity of smart security is that it avoids third party misuse by imposing high security requirements onto the used technology.
In terms of geography, North America represents largest market for smart cities and is expected to reach a market size of USD 392.41 billion by 2019. The regional governments are taking steps towards reducing the carbon footprint by increasing the use of renewable energy resources. Governments in North America are currently working on an objective to accomplish the target of zero wastage of energy by the year 2020.
Get report sample PDF copy from here: http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag=B&rep_id=357
Some of the major players in smart cities market include Siemens AG, ABB Ltd., IBM Corporation, Hitachi Ltd., Alcatel-Lucent S.A., Honeywell international Inc., Alstom S.A., General Electric Company, Telefonaktiebolaget L. M. Ericsson, Cisco Systems Inc., Oracle Corporation and others.
The global smart cities market is segmented as below:
Smart Cities Market, By Application
- Smart homes
- Smart buildings
- Smart energy management
- Smart industrial automation
- Smart healthcare
- Smart transportation
- Smart security
- Others (smart water management, smart education, so on)
Browse the full Smart Cities Market Report Press Release : http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/pressrelease/smart-cities-market.htm
Smart Cities Market, By Geography
- North America
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of the World (RoW)
Browse Technology and Media Market Research Reports @ http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/technology-market-reports-8.html
0.03% to 0.1% of certain models of data boards and central switching boards with the basic BIOS version of 1.21 or earlier on OSN 550/500 NEs fail to start up after the NEs are upgraded, which results in the rollback of the NE version. The issue is solved after the boards are replaced.
This problem may occur if the following conditions are met at the same time:
An NE is upgraded.
The NE uses one of the following boards: TNH1EM6T/F, TNM1EF8F, TNH1CSHDA/B, TNM1PCXLG, TNM1PCXX, TNM1PCXLX, TNM1PCXGB, or TNM1PCXGA.
The basic BIOS version of the board is 1.21 or earlier.
The faulty board stays in the BIOS state after an upgrade and does not start up. The fault is cleared after the NE version is rolled back.
1. Query the version
2. After an upgrade, the STAT indicator on the board is red and the other indicators are off, which indicates that the board stays in the BIOS state and fails to start up. The board starts up after the NE version is rolled back.
The following interfaces are displayed in the case of an automatic rollback after an upgrade failure on the U2000.When both of the preceding conditions are met, the fault can almost be identified.
On the basic BIOS of version 1.21 or earlier, the time sequence of the CPU adder is not the optimal configuration. As a result, there is a low possibility that the board fails to start up after an upgrade.
[Impact and Risk]
The board does not start up after an upgrade, which results in service interruptions. The fault is cleared after the NE version is rolled back.
[Measures and Solutions]
The fault is automatically cleared after the NE version is rolled back.
The basic BIOS of boards on OSN 500/550 cannot be upgraded online. If the fault occurs on an NE during an upgrade, replace the board with a new board with the basic BIOS version of 1.22 or later.
Material handling after replacement:
Return the replaced board to Huawei, if the board supplied by thunder-link.com, then please contact your sales representative.