Black Window? Command Prompt?

Link to this post 27 Aug 09

what do you called the "black window" operating system.. you can manipulate data files by entering codes...

like debian "black window"...

is it X Windows?
i meet some linux users entering the code "startx"..

im using Damn Small Linux (DSL). when i was in DSL GUI.. i go to Terminal then entering some path then "startx" command. it doesn't make the operating system black, but it make the color change.

actually linux brothers and sisters, i hate GUI... i love entering codes.. trace the activities of every users in one network through code and etc. in other words "i love codes"

does anyone can help me? please...

sorry noob here.. thanks in advanced! :)

Link to this post 28 Aug 09

It sounds like you are wanting to go into the true Command Line Interface and buypass running the Graphical User Interface, the startx command you are citing starts the X11 window system then starts your default GUI. The usualy case to start in a CLI environment is to manipulate your /etc/inittab file defula init level the which eve one is listed as "mulit-user CLI mode". Please post back if you need more information or if my assumption is incorrect.

Link to this post 28 Aug 09

actually you hit the thread in 100%.. can you teach me how to use X11 window?

thanks for the reply, information and for your time..

Link to this post 28 Aug 09

lol, X11 == GUI

the black screen you keen on is called CLI (command line interface). when you are in CLI and type startx command you get the GUI working (if you have installed one).

Linux have much advanced "command prompt" then windows. You can do almost everything from CLI - you can create and extract archive (tar, unrar, p7zip), connect to FTP servers, download files (wget), browse web sites (elinks, links, lynx), use IRC (bitchx, ircii), you can even listen audio and watch video with mplayer and special configuration for 32 bit colour console (dont know exactly how) . There is even Total commander like file manager - midnight commander (based on ncurces). Well, you can't use skype :cheer: But you can connect to other linux machine and type these commands on the remote host :laugh: (read more about ssh).

From here go to Community tab -> Groups -> and the search for Bash group. there are nice lessons and explanations about commands. There you can ask your questions (i think so). Also for every command there is manual page and info. just type "man commandname" in the terminal or console and you will get nice and full info. There are a few sites that provide online manuals (search in google about that). Usually "commandname --h" shows short help.

You can try to install Gentoo on virtual machine from Gentoo Minimal CD. Then you will learn much new things about linux. Or just read this guide.

good luck & have fun!

Link to this post 29 Aug 09

Well here ir goes some old history:

Back in the early days of main frames and unix, the commands where entered into the computer by typewriter-like keyboards called teletypes and all the feedback was printed in paper, no screens. These appeared later and were called "terminals".

Now, as Linux is somewhat a unix derivative, it has keep most of the terminlogy used back then, so the icon you clic on that gives you a command line is called a terminal. From these you can issue all the commands you like.

If you want to get a full text-only sceen usually linux sets them up by default and if while in graphic mode you press CTRL+ALT+F1 it will send you to a text terminal screen called tty01 (teletype01). If from there you press ALT+F2 you go to tty02 and so on, usually up to ALT+F5. To return to the grapics mode try with ALT+F5, ALT+F6 or sometimes you need CTRL+ALT+F5 or F6.

I hope this helps.


Link to this post 29 Aug 09

There are soooo many commands and various syntaxes used for the terminal or CLi based commands. I would check the sources sited by the others in this discussion as a starting point. However each distro has different tools, so some of the examples may not work on your computer.

The best way to get aquanted with your CLI is to see what command you have available (everything in /bin and /usr/bin is a command, and for admin users /sbin /usr/sbin commands are also available), go through the ones that grab your attention and read the man files to find the functionality and syntax ie.. "man bash" will give you the basics of using the bash shell.

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