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Istimsak Abdulbasir

Istimsak Abdulbasir

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  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Dual Boot of Windows 7 and Linux (Debian 7 or Centos 7)
    There are two programs you can use to detect the hardware under Linux, lspci and lshw. lspic -v creates a neet list of the hardware on your system detected under linux. The objective is to make list that easily readable by the user. Looks something like this. #sudo lspci -v 00:00.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 14h Processor Root Complex Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32 00:01.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Wrestler [Radeon HD 6310] (prog-if 00 [VGA controller]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 44 Memory at e0000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=256M] I/O ports at 3000 [size=256] Memory at f0400000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=256K] Expansion ROM at [disabled] Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Complex Integrated Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: radeon 00:01.1 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Wrestler HDMI Audio Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 45 Memory at f0444000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K] Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Complex Integrated Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: snd_hda_intel 00:07.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 14h Processor Root Port (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=01, subordinate=01, sec-latency=0 I/O behind bridge: 00001000-00001fff Memory behind bridge: f0500000-f06fffff Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000f0700000-00000000f08fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot+), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit- Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1234 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport 00:11.0 SATA controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SATA Controller [AHCI mode] (prog-if 01 [AHCI 1.0]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 64, IRQ 42 I/O ports at 3118 [size=8] I/O ports at 3124 [size=4] I/O ports at 3110 [size=8] I/O ports at 3120 [size=4] I/O ports at 3100 [size=16] Memory at f044c000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=2K] Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/8 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] SATA HBA v1.0 Kernel driver in use: ahci 00:12.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB OHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 10 [OHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 18 Memory at f044b000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K] Kernel driver in use: ohci-pci 00:12.2 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB EHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 20 [EHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 17 Memory at f044a000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=256] Capabilities: [c0] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [e4] Debug port: BAR=1 offset=00e0 Kernel driver in use: ehci-pci 00:13.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB OHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 10 [OHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 18 Memory at f0449000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K] Kernel driver in use: ohci-pci 00:13.2 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB EHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 20 [EHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 17 Memory at f0448000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=256] Capabilities: [c0] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [e4] Debug port: BAR=1 offset=00e0 Kernel driver in use: ehci-pci 00:14.0 SMBus: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SMBus Controller (rev 14) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: 66MHz, medium devsel 00:14.2 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH Azalia Controller (rev 01) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, slow devsel, latency 32, IRQ 16 Memory at f0440000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K] Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 2 Kernel driver in use: snd_hda_intel 00:14.3 ISA bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH LPC Bridge (rev 11) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 0 00:14.4 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH PCI Bridge (rev 40) (prog-if 01 [Subtractive decode]) Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 64 Bus: primary=00, secondary=02, subordinate=02, sec-latency=64 00:15.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 0) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=03, subordinate=06, sec-latency=0 I/O behind bridge: 00002000-00002fff Memory behind bridge: f0300000-f03fffff Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000f0000000-00000000f00fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot-), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable- Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 0000 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport 00:15.1 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 1) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=07, subordinate=07, sec-latency=0 Memory behind bridge: f0200000-f02fffff Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000f0900000-00000000f09fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot-), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable- Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 0000 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport 00:15.2 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 2) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=08, subordinate=08, sec-latency=0 Memory behind bridge: f0100000-f01fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot-), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable- Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 0000 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport 00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 0 (rev 43) Flags: fast devsel 00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 1 Flags: fast devsel 00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 2 Flags: fast devsel 00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 3 Flags: fast devsel Capabilities: [f0] Secure device Kernel driver in use: k10temp 00:18.4 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 4 Flags: fast devsel 00:18.5 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 6 Flags: fast devsel 00:18.6 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 5 Flags: fast devsel 00:18.7 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 7 Flags: fast devsel 03:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller (rev 05) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 43 I/O ports at 2000 [size=256] Memory at f0004000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=4K] Memory at f0000000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=16K] Capabilities: [40] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] Express Endpoint, MSI 01 Capabilities: [b0] MSI-X: Enable- Count=4 Masked- Capabilities: [d0] Vital Product Data Capabilities: [100] Advanced Error Reporting Capabilities: [140] Virtual Channel Capabilities: [160] Device Serial Number 07-00-00-00-36-4c-e0-00 Kernel driver in use: r8169 07:00.0 Network controller: Qualcomm Atheros AR9485 Wireless Network Adapter (rev 01) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company AR9485/HB125 802.11bgn 1×1 Wi-Fi Adapter Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 17 Memory at f0200000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=512K] Expansion ROM at f0900000 [disabled] [size=64K] Capabilities: [40] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable- Count=1/4 Maskable+ 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] Express Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [100] Advanced Error Reporting Capabilities: [140] Virtual Channel Capabilities: [160] Device Serial Number 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00 Kernel driver in use: ath9k 08:00.0 Unassigned class [ff00]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS5229 PCI Express Card Reader (rev 01) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 41 Memory at f0100000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K] Capabilities: [40] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] Express Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [100] Advanced Error Reporting Capabilities: [140] Device Serial Number 00-00-00-01-00-4c-e0-00 Kernel driver in use: rtsx_pci lshw gives you a more detailed listing of your hardware. It is a little compressed because the programs tries to find every possible detail that will help the user manager their system's hardware. #sudo lshw description: Notebook product: HP 2000 Notebook PC (D1E80UA#ABA) vendor: Hewlett-Packard version: 0888110003305910000620100 serial: 5CG3330Q3Y width: 32 bits capabilities: smbios-2.7 dmi-2.7 smp-1.4 smp configuration: boot=normal chassis=notebook cpus=1 family=103C_5335KV G=N L=CON B=HP S=PRE X=MIN sku=D1E80UA#ABA uuid=82D751CA-5D47-1C95-0696-E68369F7D050 *-core description: Motherboard product: 188B vendor: Hewlett-Packard physical id: 0 version: KBC Version 69.17 serial: PCVAA00WE5B9GK slot: Base Board Chassis Location *-firmware description: BIOS vendor: Insyde physical id: 0 version: F.33 date: 05/13/2013 size: 128KiB capacity: 4032KiB capabilities: pci upgrade shadowing cdboot bootselect socketedrom edd int13floppynec int13floppytoshiba int13floppy360 int13floppy1200 int13floppy720 int13floppy2880 int9keyboard int10video acpi usb uefi *-memory description: System Memory physical id: 23 slot: System board or motherboard size: 4GiB *-bank:0 description: DIMM [empty] product: Empty vendor: Empty physical id: 0 serial: Empty slot: Bottom-Slot 1(top) *-bank:1 description: SODIMM DDR3 Synchronous 800 MHz (1.2 ns) product: 8KTF51264HZ-1G6E1 vendor: Micron Technology physical id: 1 serial: E37B0A86 slot: Bottom-Slot 2(under) size: 4GiB width: 64 bits clock: 800MHz (1.2ns) *-cpu description: CPU product: AMD E-300 APU with Radeon(tm) HD Graphics vendor: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] physical id: 2d bus info: cpu@0 version: 15.2.0 serial: NotSupport slot: Socket FT1 size: 1114MHz capacity: 1300MHz width: 64 bits clock: 100MHz capabilities: x86-64 boot fpu fpu_exception wp vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ht syscall nx mmxext fxsr_opt pdpe1gb rdtscp constant_tsc nonstop_tsc extd_apicid aperfmperf pni monitor ssse3 cx16 popcnt lahf_lm cmp_legacy svm extapic cr8_legacy abm sse4a misalignsse 3dnowprefetch ibs skinit wdt arat hw_pstate npt lbrv svm_lock nrip_save pausefilter cpufreq configuration: cores=2 enabledcores=2 threads=2 *-cache:0 description: L1 cache physical id: 2e slot: L1 Cache size: 64KiB capacity: 128KiB clock: 1GHz (1.0ns) capabilities: pipeline-burst internal write-back unified *-cache:1 description: L2 cache physical id: 2f slot: L2 Cache size: 512KiB capacity: 1MiB clock: 1GHz (1.0ns) capabilities: pipeline-burst internal write-back unified *-pci:0 description: Host bridge product: Family 14h Processor Root Complex vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 100 bus info: pci@0000:00:00.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz configuration: latency=32 *-display description: VGA compatible controller product: Wrestler [Radeon HD 6310] vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] physical id: 1 bus info: pci@0000:00:01.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm pciexpress msi vga_controller bus_master cap_list rom configuration: driver=radeon latency=0 resources: irq:44 memory:e0000000-efffffff ioport:3000(size=256) memory:f0400000-f043ffff *-multimedia:0 description: Audio device product: Wrestler HDMI Audio vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] physical id: 1.1 bus info: pci@0000:00:01.1 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm pciexpress msi bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=0 resources: irq:45 memory:f0444000-f0447fff *-pci:0 description: PCI bridge product: Family 14h Processor Root Port vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 7 bus info: pci@0000:00:07.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:40 ioport:1000(size=4096) memory:f0500000-f06fffff ioport:f0700000(size=2097152) *-storage description: SATA controller product: FCH SATA Controller [AHCI mode] vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 11 bus info: pci@0000:00:11.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: storage msi ahci_1.0 bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ahci latency=64 resources: irq:42 ioport:3118(size=8) ioport:3124(size=4) ioport:3110(size=8) ioport:3120(size=4) ioport:3100(size=16) memory:f044c000-f044c7ff *-usb:0 description: USB controller product: FCH USB OHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 12 bus info: pci@0000:00:12.0 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: ohci bus_master configuration: driver=ohci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:18 memory:f044b000-f044bfff *-usb:1 description: USB controller product: FCH USB EHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 12.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:12.2 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: pm debug ehci bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ehci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:17 memory:f044a000-f044a0ff *-usb:2 description: USB controller product: FCH USB OHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 13 bus info: pci@0000:00:13.0 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: ohci bus_master configuration: driver=ohci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:18 memory:f0449000-f0449fff *-usb:3 description: USB controller product: FCH USB EHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 13.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:13.2 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: pm debug ehci bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ehci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:17 memory:f0448000-f04480ff *-serial UNCLAIMED description: SMBus product: FCH SMBus Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.0 version: 14 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz configuration: latency=0 *-multimedia:1 description: Audio device product: FCH Azalia Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.2 version: 01 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=32 resources: irq:16 memory:f0440000-f0443fff *-isa description: ISA bridge product: FCH LPC Bridge vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14.3 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.3 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: isa bus_master configuration: latency=0 *-pci:1 description: PCI bridge product: FCH PCI Bridge vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14.4 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.4 version: 40 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: pci subtractive_decode bus_master *-pci:2 description: PCI bridge product: Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 0) vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 15 bus info: pci@0000:00:15.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:16 ioport:2000(size=4096) memory:f0300000-f03fffff ioport:f0000000(size=1048576) *-network description: Ethernet interface product: RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:03:00.0 logical name: eth0 version: 05 serial: f0:92:1c:59:d9:be size: 10Mbit/s capacity: 100Mbit/s width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress msix vpd bus_master cap_list ethernet physical tp mii 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd autonegotiation configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=r8169 driverversion=2.3LK-NAPI duplex=half firmware=rtl_nic/rtl8105e-1.fw latency=0 link=no multicast=yes port=MII speed=10Mbit/s resources: irq:43 ioport:2000(size=256) memory:f0004000-f0004fff memory:f0000000-f0003fff *-pci:3 description: PCI bridge product: Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 1) vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 15.1 bus info: pci@0000:00:15.1 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:16 memory:f0200000-f02fffff ioport:f0900000(size=1048576) *-network description: Wireless interface product: AR9485 Wireless Network Adapter vendor: Qualcomm Atheros physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:07:00.0 logical name: wlan0 version: 01 serial: 48:d2:24:57:a0:b5 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list rom ethernet physical wireless configuration: broadcast=yes driver=ath9k driverversion=3.13.0-24-generic firmware=N/A ip=192.168.0.107 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes wireless=IEEE 802.11bgn resources: irq:17 memory:f0200000-f027ffff memory:f0900000-f090ffff *-pci:4 description: PCI bridge product: Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 2) vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 15.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:15.2 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:16 memory:f0100000-f01fffff *-generic description: Unassigned class product: RTS5229 PCI Express Card Reader vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:08:00.0 version: 01 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=rtsx_pci latency=0 resources: irq:41 memory:f0100000-f0100fff *-pci:1 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 0 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 101 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.0 version: 43 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:2 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 1 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 102 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.1 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:3 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 2 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 103 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.2 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:4 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 3 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 104 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.3 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz configuration: driver=k10temp resources: irq:0 *-pci:5 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 4 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 105 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.4 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:6 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 6 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 106 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.5 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:7 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 5 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 107 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.6 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:8 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 7 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 108 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.7 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-scsi:0 physical id: 1 logical name: scsi0 capabilities: emulated *-disk description: ATA Disk product: HGST HTS545032A7 physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/sda version: GGBO serial: TE841348104N4A size: 298GiB (320GB) capabilities: gpt-1.00 partitioned partitioned:gpt configuration: ansiversion=5 guid=709aa96f-f9cd-490b-b569-d945f6d525d8 sectorsize=4096 *-volume:0 description: Linux swap volume vendor: Linux physical id: 1 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,1 logical name: /dev/sda1 version: 1 serial: b121c238-7d9d-477a-bc45-42007a97ceac size: 3813MiB capacity: 3813MiB capabilities: nofs swap initialized configuration: filesystem=swap pagesize=4095 *-volume:1 description: EXT4 volume vendor: Linux physical id: 2 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,2 logical name: /dev/sda2 logical name: / version: 1.0 serial: 7ed92cda-ecbc-4415-b074-feb509662efc size: 97GiB capacity: 97GiB capabilities: journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink recover extents ext4 ext2 initialized configuration: created=2014-08-31 22:38:50 filesystem=ext4 label=linuxmint1404 lastmountpoint=/ modified=2014-11-23 17:02:02 mount.fstype=ext4 mount.options=rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered mounted=2014-11-23 17:02:02 name=Linuxmint state=mounted *-volume:2 description: EXT4 volume vendor: Linux physical id: 4 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,4 logical name: /dev/sda4 version: 1.0 serial: ded58174-483c-4fd5-a358-fe801534ef6c size: 93GiB capabilities: boot journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink recover extents ext4 ext2 initialized configuration: created=2014-05-10 12:51:19 filesystem=ext4 label=debianmobileroot lastmountpoint=/mnt modified=2014-11-22 21:24:44 mounted=2014-11-22 21:24:44 name=debianmobilerootdrive state=clean *-volume:3 description: data partition vendor: Linux physical id: 6 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,6 logical name: /dev/sda6 version: 1.0 serial: 473113bc-7d01-423d-940e-79e2949cebd9 size: 55GiB capabilities: large_files ext2 initialized configuration: filesystem=ext2 modified=2014-11-22 23:52:49 mounted=2014-11-18 10:54:44 name=6 state=clean *-scsi:1 physical id: 2 logical name: scsi1 capabilities: emulated *-cdrom description: DVD-RAM writer product: DVDRAM GT80N vendor: hp physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@1:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/cdrom logical name: /dev/sr0 version: R102 capabilities: removable audio cd-r cd-rw dvd dvd-r dvd-ram configuration: ansiversion=5 status=nodisc *-battery description: Lithium Ion Battery product: MU06047 vendor: 11-85 physical id: 1 slot: Primary capacity: 47520mWh configuration: voltage=10.8V I would use lshw if you have it. When using lspci, use it with the -v option after it. Linux comes with manual pages for most of the programs installed, especially for commandline programs. #man lspci #man lshw
    Link to this post 13 hours ago

    There are two programs you can use to detect the hardware under Linux, lspci and lshw.

    lspic -v creates a neet list of the hardware on your system detected under linux. The objective is to make list that easily readable by the user. Looks something like this.

    #sudo lspci -v

    00:00.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 14h Processor Root Complex
    Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b
    Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32

    00:01.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Wrestler [Radeon HD 6310] (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])
    Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b
    Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 44
    Memory at e0000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) I/O ports at 3000 [size=256] Memory at f0400000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=256K] Expansion ROM at [disabled] Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Complex Integrated Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: radeon

    00:01.1 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Wrestler HDMI Audio Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 45 Memory at f0444000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K] Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Complex Integrated Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: snd_hda_intel

    00:07.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 14h Processor Root Port (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=01, subordinate=01, sec-latency=0 I/O behind bridge: 00001000-00001fff Memory behind bridge: f0500000-f06fffff Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000f0700000-00000000f08fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot+), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit- Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1234 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport

    00:11.0 SATA controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SATA Controller [AHCI mode] (prog-if 01 [AHCI 1.0]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 64, IRQ 42 I/O ports at 3118 [size=8] I/O ports at 3124 [size=4] I/O ports at 3110 [size=8] I/O ports at 3120 [size=4] I/O ports at 3100 [size=16] Memory at f044c000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=2K] Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/8 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] SATA HBA v1.0 Kernel driver in use: ahci

    00:12.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB OHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 10 [OHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 18 Memory at f044b000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K] Kernel driver in use: ohci-pci

    00:12.2 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB EHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 20 [EHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 17 Memory at f044a000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=256] Capabilities: [c0] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [e4] Debug port: BAR=1 offset=00e0 Kernel driver in use: ehci-pci

    00:13.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB OHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 10 [OHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 18 Memory at f0449000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K] Kernel driver in use: ohci-pci

    00:13.2 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB EHCI Controller (rev 11) (prog-if 20 [EHCI]) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 32, IRQ 17 Memory at f0448000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=256] Capabilities: [c0] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [e4] Debug port: BAR=1 offset=00e0 Kernel driver in use: ehci-pci

    00:14.0 SMBus: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SMBus Controller (rev 14) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: 66MHz, medium devsel

    00:14.2 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH Azalia Controller (rev 01) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, slow devsel, latency 32, IRQ 16 Memory at f0440000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K] Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 2 Kernel driver in use: snd_hda_intel

    00:14.3 ISA bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH LPC Bridge (rev 11) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 0

    00:14.4 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH PCI Bridge (rev 40) (prog-if 01 [Subtractive decode]) Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 64 Bus: primary=00, secondary=02, subordinate=02, sec-latency=64

    00:15.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 0) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=03, subordinate=06, sec-latency=0 I/O behind bridge: 00002000-00002fff Memory behind bridge: f0300000-f03fffff Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000f0000000-00000000f00fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot-), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable- Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 0000 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport

    00:15.1 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 1) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=07, subordinate=07, sec-latency=0 Memory behind bridge: f0200000-f02fffff Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 00000000f0900000-00000000f09fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot-), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable- Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 0000 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport

    00:15.2 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 2) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode]) Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0 Bus: primary=00, secondary=08, subordinate=08, sec-latency=0 Memory behind bridge: f0100000-f01fffff Capabilities: [50] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [58] Express Root Port (Slot-), MSI 00 Capabilities: [a0] MSI: Enable- Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [b0] Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 0000 Capabilities: [b8] HyperTransport: MSI Mapping Enable+ Fixed+ Capabilities: [100] Vendor Specific Information: ID=0001 Rev=1 Len=010 Kernel driver in use: pcieport

    00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 0 (rev 43) Flags: fast devsel

    00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 1 Flags: fast devsel

    00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 2 Flags: fast devsel

    00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 3 Flags: fast devsel Capabilities: [f0] Secure device Kernel driver in use: k10temp

    00:18.4 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 4 Flags: fast devsel

    00:18.5 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 6 Flags: fast devsel

    00:18.6 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 5 Flags: fast devsel

    00:18.7 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 12h/14h Processor Function 7 Flags: fast devsel

    03:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller (rev 05) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 43 I/O ports at 2000 [size=256] Memory at f0004000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=4K] Memory at f0000000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=16K] Capabilities: [40] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] Express Endpoint, MSI 01 Capabilities: [b0] MSI-X: Enable- Count=4 Masked- Capabilities: [d0] Vital Product Data Capabilities: [100] Advanced Error Reporting Capabilities: [140] Virtual Channel Capabilities: [160] Device Serial Number 07-00-00-00-36-4c-e0-00 Kernel driver in use: r8169

    07:00.0 Network controller: Qualcomm Atheros AR9485 Wireless Network Adapter (rev 01) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company AR9485/HB125 802.11bgn 1×1 Wi-Fi Adapter Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 17 Memory at f0200000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=512K] Expansion ROM at f0900000 [disabled] [size=64K] Capabilities: [40] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable- Count=1/4 Maskable+ 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] Express Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [100] Advanced Error Reporting Capabilities: [140] Virtual Channel Capabilities: [160] Device Serial Number 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00 Kernel driver in use: ath9k

    08:00.0 Unassigned class [ff00]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS5229 PCI Express Card Reader (rev 01) Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device 188b Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 41 Memory at f0100000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K] Capabilities: [40] Power Management version 3 Capabilities: [50] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit+ Capabilities: [70] Express Endpoint, MSI 00 Capabilities: [100] Advanced Error Reporting Capabilities: [140] Device Serial Number 00-00-00-01-00-4c-e0-00 Kernel driver in use: rtsx_pci

    lshw gives you a more detailed listing of your hardware. It is a little compressed because the programs tries to find every possible detail that will help the user manager their system's hardware.

    #sudo lshw

    description: Notebook product: HP 2000 Notebook PC (D1E80UA#ABA) vendor: Hewlett-Packard version: 0888110003305910000620100 serial: 5CG3330Q3Y width: 32 bits capabilities: smbios-2.7 dmi-2.7 smp-1.4 smp configuration: boot=normal chassis=notebook cpus=1 family=103C_5335KV G=N L=CON B=HP S=PRE X=MIN sku=D1E80UA#ABA uuid=82D751CA-5D47-1C95-0696-E68369F7D050 *-core description: Motherboard product: 188B vendor: Hewlett-Packard physical id: 0 version: KBC Version 69.17 serial: PCVAA00WE5B9GK slot: Base Board Chassis Location *-firmware description: BIOS vendor: Insyde physical id: 0 version: F.33 date: 05/13/2013 size: 128KiB capacity: 4032KiB capabilities: pci upgrade shadowing cdboot bootselect socketedrom edd int13floppynec int13floppytoshiba int13floppy360 int13floppy1200 int13floppy720 int13floppy2880 int9keyboard int10video acpi usb uefi *-memory description: System Memory physical id: 23 slot: System board or motherboard size: 4GiB *-bank:0 description: DIMM [empty] product: Empty vendor: Empty physical id: 0 serial: Empty slot: Bottom-Slot 1(top) *-bank:1 description: SODIMM DDR3 Synchronous 800 MHz (1.2 ns) product: 8KTF51264HZ-1G6E1 vendor: Micron Technology physical id: 1 serial: E37B0A86 slot: Bottom-Slot 2(under) size: 4GiB width: 64 bits clock: 800MHz (1.2ns) *-cpu description: CPU product: AMD E-300 APU with Radeon(tm) HD Graphics vendor: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] physical id: 2d bus info: cpu@0 version: 15.2.0 serial: NotSupport slot: Socket FT1 size: 1114MHz capacity: 1300MHz width: 64 bits clock: 100MHz capabilities: x86-64 boot fpu fpu_exception wp vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ht syscall nx mmxext fxsr_opt pdpe1gb rdtscp constant_tsc nonstop_tsc extd_apicid aperfmperf pni monitor ssse3 cx16 popcnt lahf_lm cmp_legacy svm extapic cr8_legacy abm sse4a misalignsse 3dnowprefetch ibs skinit wdt arat hw_pstate npt lbrv svm_lock nrip_save pausefilter cpufreq configuration: cores=2 enabledcores=2 threads=2 *-cache:0 description: L1 cache physical id: 2e slot: L1 Cache size: 64KiB capacity: 128KiB clock: 1GHz (1.0ns) capabilities: pipeline-burst internal write-back unified *-cache:1 description: L2 cache physical id: 2f slot: L2 Cache size: 512KiB capacity: 1MiB clock: 1GHz (1.0ns) capabilities: pipeline-burst internal write-back unified *-pci:0 description: Host bridge product: Family 14h Processor Root Complex vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 100 bus info: pci@0000:00:00.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz configuration: latency=32 *-display description: VGA compatible controller product: Wrestler [Radeon HD 6310] vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] physical id: 1 bus info: pci@0000:00:01.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm pciexpress msi vga_controller bus_master cap_list rom configuration: driver=radeon latency=0 resources: irq:44 memory:e0000000-efffffff ioport:3000(size=256) memory:f0400000-f043ffff *-multimedia:0 description: Audio device product: Wrestler HDMI Audio vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] physical id: 1.1 bus info: pci@0000:00:01.1 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm pciexpress msi bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=0 resources: irq:45 memory:f0444000-f0447fff *-pci:0 description: PCI bridge product: Family 14h Processor Root Port vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 7 bus info: pci@0000:00:07.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:40 ioport:1000(size=4096) memory:f0500000-f06fffff ioport:f0700000(size=2097152) *-storage description: SATA controller product: FCH SATA Controller [AHCI mode] vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 11 bus info: pci@0000:00:11.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: storage msi ahci_1.0 bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ahci latency=64 resources: irq:42 ioport:3118(size=8) ioport:3124(size=4) ioport:3110(size=8) ioport:3120(size=4) ioport:3100(size=16) memory:f044c000-f044c7ff *-usb:0 description: USB controller product: FCH USB OHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 12 bus info: pci@0000:00:12.0 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: ohci bus_master configuration: driver=ohci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:18 memory:f044b000-f044bfff *-usb:1 description: USB controller product: FCH USB EHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 12.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:12.2 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: pm debug ehci bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ehci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:17 memory:f044a000-f044a0ff *-usb:2 description: USB controller product: FCH USB OHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 13 bus info: pci@0000:00:13.0 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: ohci bus_master configuration: driver=ohci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:18 memory:f0449000-f0449fff *-usb:3 description: USB controller product: FCH USB EHCI Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 13.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:13.2 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: pm debug ehci bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ehci-pci latency=32 resources: irq:17 memory:f0448000-f04480ff *-serial UNCLAIMED description: SMBus product: FCH SMBus Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.0 version: 14 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz configuration: latency=0 *-multimedia:1 description: Audio device product: FCH Azalia Controller vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.2 version: 01 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=32 resources: irq:16 memory:f0440000-f0443fff *-isa description: ISA bridge product: FCH LPC Bridge vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14.3 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.3 version: 11 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: isa bus_master configuration: latency=0 *-pci:1 description: PCI bridge product: FCH PCI Bridge vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 14.4 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.4 version: 40 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: pci subtractive_decode bus_master *-pci:2 description: PCI bridge product: Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 0) vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 15 bus info: pci@0000:00:15.0 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:16 ioport:2000(size=4096) memory:f0300000-f03fffff ioport:f0000000(size=1048576) *-network description: Ethernet interface product: RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:03:00.0 logical name: eth0 version: 05 serial: f0:92:1c:59:d9:be size: 10Mbit/s capacity: 100Mbit/s width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress msix vpd bus_master cap_list ethernet physical tp mii 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd autonegotiation configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=r8169 driverversion=2.3LK-NAPI duplex=half firmware=rtl_nic/rtl8105e-1.fw latency=0 link=no multicast=yes port=MII speed=10Mbit/s resources: irq:43 ioport:2000(size=256) memory:f0004000-f0004fff memory:f0000000-f0003fff *-pci:3 description: PCI bridge product: Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 1) vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 15.1 bus info: pci@0000:00:15.1 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:16 memory:f0200000-f02fffff ioport:f0900000(size=1048576) *-network description: Wireless interface product: AR9485 Wireless Network Adapter vendor: Qualcomm Atheros physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:07:00.0 logical name: wlan0 version: 01 serial: 48:d2:24:57:a0:b5 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list rom ethernet physical wireless configuration: broadcast=yes driver=ath9k driverversion=3.13.0-24-generic firmware=N/A ip=192.168.0.107 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes wireless=IEEE 802.11bgn resources: irq:17 memory:f0200000-f027ffff memory:f0900000-f090ffff *-pci:4 description: PCI bridge product: Hudson PCI to PCI bridge (PCIE port 2) vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 15.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:15.2 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pm pciexpress msi ht normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:16 memory:f0100000-f01fffff *-generic description: Unassigned class product: RTS5229 PCI Express Card Reader vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:08:00.0 version: 01 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=rtsx_pci latency=0 resources: irq:41 memory:f0100000-f0100fff *-pci:1 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 0 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 101 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.0 version: 43 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:2 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 1 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 102 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.1 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:3 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 2 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 103 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.2 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:4 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 3 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 104 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.3 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz configuration: driver=k10temp resources: irq:0 *-pci:5 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 4 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 105 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.4 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:6 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 6 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 106 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.5 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:7 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 5 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 107 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.6 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-pci:8 description: Host bridge product: Family 12h/14h Processor Function 7 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] physical id: 108 bus info: pci@0000:00:18.7 version: 00 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-scsi:0 physical id: 1 logical name: scsi0 capabilities: emulated *-disk description: ATA Disk product: HGST HTS545032A7 physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/sda version: GGBO serial: TE841348104N4A size: 298GiB (320GB) capabilities: gpt-1.00 partitioned partitioned:gpt configuration: ansiversion=5 guid=709aa96f-f9cd-490b-b569-d945f6d525d8 sectorsize=4096 *-volume:0 description: Linux swap volume vendor: Linux physical id: 1 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,1 logical name: /dev/sda1 version: 1 serial: b121c238-7d9d-477a-bc45-42007a97ceac size: 3813MiB capacity: 3813MiB capabilities: nofs swap initialized configuration: filesystem=swap pagesize=4095 *-volume:1 description: EXT4 volume vendor: Linux physical id: 2 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,2 logical name: /dev/sda2 logical name: / version: 1.0 serial: 7ed92cda-ecbc-4415-b074-feb509662efc size: 97GiB capacity: 97GiB capabilities: journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink recover extents ext4 ext2 initialized configuration: created=2014-08-31 22:38:50 filesystem=ext4 label=linuxmint1404 lastmountpoint=/ modified=2014-11-23 17:02:02 mount.fstype=ext4 mount.options=rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered mounted=2014-11-23 17:02:02 name=Linuxmint state=mounted *-volume:2 description: EXT4 volume vendor: Linux physical id: 4 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,4 logical name: /dev/sda4 version: 1.0 serial: ded58174-483c-4fd5-a358-fe801534ef6c size: 93GiB capabilities: boot journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink recover extents ext4 ext2 initialized configuration: created=2014-05-10 12:51:19 filesystem=ext4 label=debianmobileroot lastmountpoint=/mnt modified=2014-11-22 21:24:44 mounted=2014-11-22 21:24:44 name=debianmobilerootdrive state=clean *-volume:3 description: data partition vendor: Linux physical id: 6 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,6 logical name: /dev/sda6 version: 1.0 serial: 473113bc-7d01-423d-940e-79e2949cebd9 size: 55GiB capabilities: large_files ext2 initialized configuration: filesystem=ext2 modified=2014-11-22 23:52:49 mounted=2014-11-18 10:54:44 name=6 state=clean *-scsi:1 physical id: 2 logical name: scsi1 capabilities: emulated *-cdrom description: DVD-RAM writer product: DVDRAM GT80N vendor: hp physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@1:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/cdrom logical name: /dev/sr0 version: R102 capabilities: removable audio cd-r cd-rw dvd dvd-r dvd-ram configuration: ansiversion=5 status=nodisc *-battery description: Lithium Ion Battery product: MU06047 vendor: 11-85 physical id: 1 slot: Primary capacity: 47520mWh configuration: voltage=10.8V

    I would use lshw if you have it. When using lspci, use it with the -v option after it. Linux comes with manual pages for most of the programs installed, especially for commandline programs.

    #man lspci #man lshw

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Ubunto OS with old Windows XP
    Depending on the model and your of your computer, you may have to press delete to enter your system's bios. From there, you have to set your computer to boot from a CD/DVD drive. Press all buttons from delete, f9, f8, f2, or esc.
    Link to this post 13 hours ago

    Depending on the model and your of your computer, you may have to press delete to enter your system's bios. From there, you have to set your computer to boot from a CD/DVD drive. Press all buttons from delete, f9, f8, f2, or esc.

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Live CD or Live USB Stick
    Depending on what OS you are using, you have to look for a program that burns ISO images to CDs and USBs. There is one program that can be using on both MacOS, Windows and Linux: Netbootin [url=http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/]http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/[/url] Look at the works used in describing the program, creating a bootable live CD or USB. Windows has its own iso burner called Windows disc image burner. [url=http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/burn-a-cd-or-dvd-from-an-iso-file]http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/burn-a-cd-or-dvd-from-an-iso-file[/url] Here is one for burning ISOs to USBs under windows 7. [url=http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/windows-usb-dvd-download-tool?err=t5]http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/windows-usb-dvd-download-tool?err=t5[/url] When trying to create a LiveCD (Linux and unix has most of these) using keywords like , "burning an ISO file to CD/DVD or USB, creating a bootable CD/DVD or USB using linux or windows". This should really help move things along. [url=https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BurningIsoHowto]https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BurningIsoHowto[/url]
    Link to this post 14 hours ago

    Depending on what OS you are using, you have to look for a program that burns ISO images to CDs and USBs.

    There is one program that can be using on both MacOS, Windows and Linux: Netbootin

    http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/

    Look at the works used in describing the program, creating a bootable live CD or USB.

    Windows has its own iso burner called Windows disc image burner.

    http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/burn-a-cd-or-dvd-from-an-iso-file

    Here is one for burning ISOs to USBs under windows 7.
    http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/windows-usb-dvd-download-tool?err=t5

    When trying to create a LiveCD (Linux and unix has most of these) using keywords like , "burning an ISO file to CD/DVD or USB, creating a bootable CD/DVD or USB using linux or windows".

    This should really help move things along.

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BurningIsoHowto

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Questions from a windows user before turning to Linux:
    [quote="mrsthursday"]I'm not a techie at all. I changed from Win XP to Lubuntu and that's Linux, right? I have a Canon digital camera and need the Linux software to run the it. [/quote] Yes, Lubuntu is a variant of Linux. As for your Canon Digital Camera, if you cannot access the camera by connecting it to a usb on lubuntu, have a look at this site. http://askubuntu.com/questions/136146/software-to-connect-a-professional-digital-camera Then research darktable as it seems to be a go-to for modern digital cameras. http://www.linux.com/learn/tutorials/750195-how-to-remote-control-your-camera-with-darktable-on-linux-
    Link to this post 5 days ago

    mrsthursday said:

    I'm not a techie at all. I changed from Win XP to Lubuntu and that's Linux, right? I have a Canon digital camera and need the Linux software to run the it.

    Yes, Lubuntu is a variant of Linux. As for your Canon Digital Camera, if you cannot access the camera by connecting it to a usb on lubuntu, have a look at this site.

    http://askubuntu.com/questions/136146/software-to-connect-a-professional-digital-camera

    Then research darktable as it seems to be a go-to for modern digital cameras.

    http://www.linux.com/learn/tutorials/750195-how-to-remote-control-your-camera-with-darktable-on-linux-

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Questions from a windows user before turning to Linux:
    Welcome to the forum cicero86. We love helping people new to Linux anyway we can.
    Link to this post 6 days ago

    Welcome to the forum cicero86. We love helping people new to Linux anyway we can.

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Dual Boot of Windows 7 and Linux (Debian 7 or Centos 7)
    Well lets try this. install windows 7 on a partition. This will install the bootmgr in the mbr normally. However, with UEFI, the installer may ask to create a separate bois-partition. Make sure windows 7 boots. Then install CentOS 7 on another partition. When the install asks where to install the grub, install this to the mbr. This will also create a bios-grub partition as well. Grub in the mbr will see Linux. It should see windows. If not, log into CentOS, open a terminal and type, #sudo update-grub. This will read all partitions on your HDD looking for any additional operating system. Once found, it will update grub.cfg. I do this all the time with my systems. I have CentOS, debian and mint installed on one system.
    Link to this post 16 Nov

    Well lets try this.

    install windows 7 on a partition. This will install the bootmgr in the mbr normally. However, with UEFI, the installer may ask to create a separate bois-partition.

    Make sure windows 7 boots.


    Then install CentOS 7 on another partition. When the install asks where to install the grub, install this to the mbr. This will also create a bios-grub partition as well.

    Grub in the mbr will see Linux. It should see windows. If not, log into CentOS, open a terminal and type,
    #sudo update-grub. This will read all partitions on your HDD looking for any additional operating system. Once found, it will update grub.cfg.

    I do this all the time with my systems. I have CentOS, debian and mint installed on one system.

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Help me choose
    You can also use a Ubuntu server distro, enable the required repositories, and install a window manager. These managers allow you to operate your system using graphical windows. They only use apps previously install on your system and a few they provide. They are not much so won't get in the wat. Look at windows managers fluxbox, openbox, awesome, or it.
    Link to this post 14 Nov

    You can also use a Ubuntu server distro, enable the required repositories, and install a window manager. These managers allow you to operate your system using graphical windows. They only use apps previously install on your system and a few they provide. They are not much so won't get in the wat. Look at windows managers fluxbox, openbox, awesome, or it.

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Help me choose
    One thing you need to know, vendors of commercial systems try to do the thinking for you. Windows, MacOSX and Ubuntu are such vendors. For Ubuntu, you will have to remove all the apps that you don't want and install your own. If the apps are available you can install them from the software-center program, download them from the Internet or compile them from source. The source will end in .tar.xxx. If you want to choose what apps you want, use a system similar to Archlinux or slackware. A simple that allows you to choose the programs you want to install. In fact Ubuntu based systems do have an option during the installation that allows you to manually install apps of your choosing. This does not compare to the previous two. In your situation, either see if there is a Ubuntu distro that has what you need, manually remove what you don't want or choose a Ubuntu flavor distro like xubuntu or lubuntu that don't have such a bloated system and make your modifications there. Just make sure you do not remove what might be important. If you are looking for an elementary Ubuntu system, choose Ubuntu elementary which is the actual name.
    Link to this post 14 Nov

    One thing you need to know, vendors of commercial systems try to do the thinking for you. Windows, MacOSX and Ubuntu are such vendors. For Ubuntu, you will have to remove all the apps that you don't want and install your own.

    If the apps are available you can install them from the software-center program, download them from the Internet or compile them from source. The source will end in .tar.xxx.

    If you want to choose what apps you want, use a system similar to Archlinux or slackware. A simple that allows you to choose the programs you want to install. In fact Ubuntu based systems do have an option during the installation that allows you to manually install apps of your choosing. This does not compare to the previous two.

    In your situation, either see if there is a Ubuntu distro that has what you need, manually remove what you don't want or choose a Ubuntu flavor distro like xubuntu or lubuntu that don't have such a bloated system and make your modifications there. Just make sure you do not remove what might be important.

    If you are looking for an elementary Ubuntu system, choose Ubuntu elementary which is the actual name.

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Early access to wifi or bluetooth
    Wi-fi and Bluetooth are system services that are enabled by default before a user logs in. You disable them via the unit.d directory or through the GUI from startup programs.
    Link to this post 14 Nov

    Wi-fi and Bluetooth are system services that are enabled by default before a user logs in. You disable them via the unit.d directory or through the GUI from startup programs.

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir
    RE: Early access to wifi or bluetooth
    I am not sure I understand you. What kind of mechanism did you have in mind. This sound like it fall under the category of an active directory. The active directory handles all network and computer accesses. Have a look into LAMP servers and Linux active directory. You will find hints there.
    Link to this post 14 Nov

    I am not sure I understand you. What kind of mechanism did you have in mind. This sound like it fall under the category of an active directory. The active directory handles all network and computer accesses.

    Have a look into LAMP servers and Linux active directory. You will find hints there.

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