This fall I'll be starting my second year in, well, I'm not actually sure what the American or English equivelant would be but it really doesn't matter. I'm going to enter my first programming class where I'll learn to do C++ and C#. So I tought it would be nice to have a fast and neat Linux system running on my computer instead of the increadibly slow Windows XP that's by standard running on the campus computers. Firefox sometimes takes minutes to launch xD.
So my first question is how many distributions are there that has the option of doing a one-file install onto a USB-drive? I know that Puppy Linux does this and I'm going to try it out once I get to it but are there any other distributions with the same functionality out there?
My second question is: Are there any good programming suites out on the Linux platform suitable for a newcommer to programming? All I'm really looking for is syntaxchecking, autocompletion and being able to compile and run the code right in the box without having to switch around a lot.