TrueType Fonts with XFree86 4.x mini-HOWTO
Bartek Kostrzewa, 1.5, 2004-06-28
This mini-HOWTO describes how to use TrueType (*.ttf) fonts with XFree86 4.x.
Download, copy and redistribute this text freely. If you do any changes, please submit them to me, and I will pass them to the LDP, of course, credit will be given.
Copyright (c) 2001 by Bartek Kostrzewa
Use the information in this document at your own risk. I disavow any potential liability for the contents of this document. Use of the concepts, examples, and/or other content of this document is entirely at your own risk.
All copyrights are owned by their owners, unless specifically noted otherwise. Use of a term in this document should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark.
Naming of particular products or brands should not be seen as endorsements.
You are strongly recommended to take a backup of your system before major installation and backups at regular intervals.
- 1.5: Change my e-mail adress and modified some X-Free versioning numbers.
- 0.0.4: Some content added, explaining how to add fontpath's to the XF86Config.
- 0.0.3: Due to possible legal problems some modifications were done.
- 0.0.2: This release cleans up some errors I wrote about Netscape font scaling.
- 0.0.1: Initial release.
This document can be found at: http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/mini/TT-XFree86.html
I'd like to thank Bear Giles for his Debian TTF howto which brought me on the right path :o).
Of course, credit should also go to the XFree86 crew for the
enormous effort of maintaining XFree86, and Joerg Pommnitz for
Also I'd like to pass a BIG big thank you to the LDP for building and maintaining a network of helping hands which already guided many people through the hard to overcome the learning curve Linux has.
Thanks to Joe Meadows for notifying me that this howto probably described an illegal act in version 0.0.2 and earlier.
Apparently some translations of this document have been written but I don't know where to find them since the authors did not contact me, (no wonder, I did not update since 2001). Please do continue to translate.
Any comments or suggestions can be mailed to my mail address: bartek_at_spillkescht.lu
Since my last update a lot has happened but the procedure is still the same even for X.org. Just adjust the filename if necessary.
Get a set of TrueType fonts (for example from one of the many sites making fonts availiable for download) and do the following as root at the command line:
cp /home/joeuser/your-download-directory/*.ttf /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Truetype
ttmkfdir > fonts.scale
Now if you have a working installation of Windows on one of your partitions, you must use the fonts directly from there, copying them to a directory of your Linux partition is considered *illegal*. First read up on how to get your windows partition detected and working in Linux (most distributions do that at installation time, and by default), then as root do the following:
your-favourite-editor XF86ConfigIn some X distributions this file is used with a number added to it (for example:
XF86Config.4)]. You will have to find out which file your X11R6 uses. You can do this by typing:
cat /var/log/XFree* | grep "Using config file:"and then instead edit the file stated in the log.
- Now, in the editor find the section
Filesand the lines with
FontPath, just add
FontPath "/yourwinpartition/windows/fonts/"at the bottom of this list. (
yourwinpartitionmust be replaced with the mount point of your windows partition)
ttmkfdir > fonts.scale
This will make all the fonts on your Windows partition work correctly in X.
There you go. You will now have all of your TrueType fonts working. If you want to add fonts, just move/copy those [*.ttf files] into the aforementioned directory, and repeat the process.
Netscape has problems with these fonts, you have to check the "Allow Scaling" setting in the Fonts dialog, don't feel distracted by the fact that it only shows font sizes 0 and 12. Mozilla has no such problems. Opera neither.
mkfontdir executable should be included with your
XFree 4.x distribution.
If you are missing
ttmkfdir, you can obtain it here:
The latest version of XFree86 (currently 4.4.0) can be found at: http://www.xfree86.org
The latest version of X.org can be found here: http://freedesktop.org/XOrg