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Lotus-DominoR5

Lotus Domino R5 for Linux mini-HOWTO

Mykola Buryak



                  

Mary Gardiner - Editing for style and consitency, conversion from text to DocBook v4.1.2 (XML)

Dan Scott - The document structure from DB2 Version 7.1 for Linux HOWTO

January 2003

Revision History
Revision 1.0 2003-01-18
Initial Release, reviewed by LDP (Tab)
Revision 0.1.2 2003-01-13
Corrected some factual and grammatical mistakes. Submitted document to LDP.
Revision 0.1.1 2003-01-01
Mary Gardiner converts mini-HOWTO into Docbook XML 4.1.2.
Revision 0.1 2002-09-20
My first mini-HOWTO, wrote install instructions Lotus Domino 5.08 & 5.09a for Mandrake Linux 8.1 and SuSE 7.3 Professional.

This mini-HOWTO gives you explicit instructions on installing Lotus Domino R5 for Linux on the Intel x86-based distributions of Mandrake Linux 8.1 and SuSE 7.3 Professional. After installing Domino R5, you can connect to your Domino server from a remote Notes machine, and administer it locally (on the same Linux machine) using the Web Administrator.


1. Introduction

1.1. Why a Domino R5 installation mini-HOWTO?

I faced Domino for Linux in February 2002. It happened because of unstable Domino R5 functioning on an Windows NT Server with powerful hardware resources. I read the "Understanding Domino for Linux" white paper and I decided to move our Domino server to Linux. My first Linux distribution was Mandrake 8.1. I know this French distribution is one of the easiest and friendly for a newbie. Now it has worked pretty well for more than 10 months without any interference. Cool :) A few months ago the chairmen decided to implement one more Domino server at our high school; we had no money to purchase a powerful server and I made up my mind to deploy it on Linux again with existing hardware. Now we have a very stable second one on SuSE 7.3 (I have studied this distribution already) with poor hardware (CPU: Celeron 400, RAM: 192MB, HDD: 20GB IDE).

As time permits, I hope to provide hints and tips for improving performance of Domino on Linux, and for configuring the environment on various Linux distributions.


1.2. Who should read this mini-HOWTO?

If you plan to save your employer's money and get amazing stability (and save your time) you should think about Domino on Linux. This mini-HOWTO helps you to install and configure Domino on the Linux distributions supported by IBM Lotus Software (SuSE) and others (Mandrake). I describe specific prerequisites and quirks for each distribution. I do not want anyone to repeat my sleepless nights and all-day-long red eyes.


1.3. About the author

Mykola Buryak is the originator and current maintainer of this mini-HOWTO. Please send all suggestions for improvement, criticisms, or more-or-less related questions to me at or . Please do not send me spam or hate mail.

Mykola Buryak has been employed by National Mining University, Ukraine, as Lotus System Administrator since September 2000. Before that time he was working as Computer/Network Technician there. He has 3 year experience with Web Development, 2 year in Lotus Domino/Notes Administration, 1 year in Linux and IBM DB2 UDB. In his spare time he teaches RUP and Python at the Geoinformatics Department, National Mining University. He holds an Hon. Masters Degree in Information Control Systems and Technologies and the following certifications for the present:

  • Certified Lotus Specialist - Domino R5 System Administrator

  • IBM Certified Specialist - DB2 UDB V6.1/V7.1 User


1.4. Acknowledgements

Mary Gardiner did an awesome job of editing the original version for style and consistency.

Additional thanks to Dan Scott and his DB2 Version 7.1 for Linux HOWTO which I got the document structure from.


1.5. License & Copyright

Copyright (c) 2002, 2003 Mykola Buryak

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no invariant sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, with no Back-Cover Text. A copy of the license is included in Section 6.

This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See Section 6 for more details.


2. Prerequisites

What are prerequisites? Prerequisites are what you, your machine, and your distribution require before you will be able to successfully install or use Lotus Domino R5. The required prerequisites come straight from Notes, Domino and Domino Designer RELEASE NOTES, Chapter 2. The suggested prerequisites come from experience. For your convenience, I've divided them into hardware and software requirements.


2.1. Hardware

CPU

x86 compatible (for example, Intel, AMD, or Cyrix). I've successfully installed Domino Application Server 5.08 on an AMD Duron 800, Intel Celeron 400 and Enterprise Server 5.09a on an AMD Athlon 1000. Your experiences with other x86 processors would be appreciated.

RAM

I've found 128 MB of RAM is enough to run a single Domino Application Server and test out your applications. In my case, I was working with a AMD Duron 800 processor and 128 MB of RAM. However, more memory is recommended if you're putting your application into production or running multiple services. Swap file should be 3 times the physical RAM or greater.

HDD

For a typical non-partioned installation of the Lotus Domino R5 Application Server, you will need about 300 MB of free disk space.


2.2. Software

You must have selected the following packages during Linux install or setup:

  • C Development;

  • Development Libraries;

  • C++ Development.

  • Also you need the libjitc.so file from the IBM Developer Kit for Java 1.1.6.


3. Preparing your distribution for Domino R5

3.1. Mandrake Linux 8.1

Domino for Linux will need to be able to find a certain file with filename libjitc.so. This required file is absent from Mandrake Linux 8.1. You will be unable to work correctly with the Agent Manager and Statistic Agent if you ignore this section of mini-HOWTO.

  1. To find out if the file is absent, you can use the locate command.

    First, issue the following command at the command prompt (login as "root"):

    
  bash# updatedb
            
    

    This command searches the hard drive and updates a database for the locate command in use. It can take a few minutes to run, but probably it will take only 20-30 seconds or so. Afterwards, issue the command:

    
  bash# locate libjitc.so
            
    

    If libjitc.so is on your hard drive somewhere, locate will find it and list where it is. If not, locate will list nothing. If libjitc.so is already there, it is probably already in your search path, until you get an error trying to work with Agent Manager and Statistic Agent indicating otherwise, just assume it is. If you do not have libjitc.so, you will need to get it separately; it is not included as a part of the Domino for Linux package.

    The file libjitc.so is included as a part of the IBM Developer Kit for Linux, which is IBM's port of Sun's JDK (Java Development Kit) 1.1.8 to Linux/x86. libjitc.so is the Java "Just-In-Time" compiler. The reason that this file is absent from SuSE 7.3 is that this Linux distribution comes with a different Java package named Kaffe Virtual Machine.

  2. You can download the IBM Developer Kit for Linux from http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/java/jdk/118/linux/?dwzone=java.

  3. Prepare a directory to download JDK into. Change to the /root directory:

    
  bash# cd /
            bash# cd /root
            
    

    and make a new directory named jdk118:

    
  bash# mkdir jdk118
            
    
  4. Download the JDK into /root/jdk118. Install the IBM Developer Kit for Java by issuing the following command as root:

    
  bash# rpm -ivh IBMJava118-SDK-1.1.8-5.0-i386.rpm
            
    
  5. After successful installation of the IBM Developer Kit you need to copy libjitc.so to the /lib directory:

    
  bash# cp /usr/jdk118/lib/linux/native_threads/libjitc.so /lib
            
    
  6. You can uninstall the IBM Developer Kit with Software or Package Manager to clean things up, but consider keeping the rpm file IBMJava118-SDK-1.1.8-5.0-i386.rpm. You may decide later that JDK 1.1.8 is something you want to install (for example, it's necessary for using the IBM DB2 UDB V7.x Linux Control Center).


3.2. SuSE 7.3 Professional

Domino for Linux will need to be able to find a certain file with filename libjitc.so. This required file is absent from SuSE 7.3 Professional. You will be unable to work correctly with the Agent Manager and Statistic Agent if you ignore this section of mini-HOWTO.

  1. To find out if it is absent, you can use the locate command. First, issue the following command at the command prompt (log in as "root"):

    
  bash# updatedb
            
    

    This command searches the hard drive and updates a database for the locate command in use. It can take a few minutes to run, but probably it will take only 20-30 seconds or so. Then issue the command:

    
  bash# locate libjitc.so
            
    

    If libjitc.so is on your hard drive somewhere, locate will find it and list where it is. If not, locate will list nothing. If libjitc.so is already there, it is probably already in your search path, until you get an error trying to work with Agent Manager and Statistic Agent indicating otherwise, just assume it is. If you do not have libjitc.so, you will need to get it separately; it is not included as a part of the Domino for Linux package.

    The file libjitc.so is included as a part of the IBM Developer Kit for Linux, which is IBM's port of Sun's JDK (Java Development Kit) 1.3 to Linux/x86. libjitc.so is the Java "Just-In-Time" compiler. The reason that this file is absent from SuSE 7.3 is that this Linux distribution comes with a different Java package named Java 2 SDK, Standard Edition.

  2. Install IBM Developer Kit version 1.3 with YaST2 control center. IBM Developer Kit is located on one of the seven SuSE 7.3 Professional installation CD-ROMs.

  3. After successful installation of the IBM Developer Kit, you need to copy libjitc.so to /lib:

    
  bash# cp /usr/lib/jdk1.3/jre/bin/libjitc.so /lib
            
    

4. Installing Domino R5

4.1. Mandrake Linux 8.1

  1. Log in as "root". Open a terminal session. Add a user and group to your system called notes:

    
  bash# adduser notes
            
    
  2. Give this new user a password by entering:

    
  bash# passwd notes
            
    
  3. Mount the CD-ROM, and enter the following command to install the Lotus Domino R5 package:

    
  bash# /mnt/cdrom/dom509ux/linux/install
            
    

    The install program displays a series of screens about the IBM Lotus license agreement. Use the TAB key to accept a setting and advance to the next screen, the ESC key to back up to the previous screen, the space bar to toggle through possible choices other than the default, and ENTER to edit a text field.

  4. Select a setup type. Choose Domino Mail Server, Domino Application Server, or Domino Enterprise Server and press TAB.

  5. Select the program file location. The default is /opt/lotus. Make sure you have enough space. The installed files in the program directory are approximately 70 MB. If you select a program directory other than /opt/lotus, then a soft link will be created from your program directory to /opt/lotus so that commands may be executed from that path.

  6. Indicate if you plan a number of Domino servers on the current physical machine. The default is No.

  7. Select the data file location. The default is /local/notesdata. If you do not have a large root partition it will not work. If so, change the directory to /usr/local/notesdata. If you ignore this during installation process, later you will get an error like this one:

    
  Error validation settings:
            There is not enough disk space for the data directory at /local/notesdata
            125889K is required, and only 95370K would be available.
            Make sure you have enough space. 
            
    

    The installed files in the data directory are approximately 160 MB.

  8. Select the user and group for this server. Choose the default that you set up earlier (notes in the example).

  9. The install program displays the settings you selected. Use the TAB key to accept these settings and begin the installation, or press the ESC key to back up to change any settings. The install program will then begin installing the files.

  10. During installation process you may see the warning:

    
  The following system commands were not located: rsh.
            
    

    It does not influence the local server installation.

  11. After successful installation, this message will be displayed among others:

    
  The installation completed successfully.
            
    

4.2. SuSE 7.3 Professional

  1. Log in as "root." Open a terminal session. Add a user and group to your system called notes:

    
  bash# groupadd notes
            bash# useradd notes -g notes
            
    
  2. Give this new user a password by entering:

    
  bash# passwd notes
            
    
  3. Mount the CD-ROM, and enter the following command to install the Lotus Domino R5 package:

    
  bash# /mnt/cdrom/dom509ux/linux/install
            
    

    The install program displays a series of screens about the IBM Lotus license agreement. Use the TAB key to accept a setting and advance to the next screen, the ESC key to back up to the previous screen, the space bar to toggle through possible choices other than the default, and ENTER to edit a text field.

  4. Select a setup type. Choose Domino Mail Server, Domino Application Server, or Domino Enterprise Server and press TAB.

  5. Select the program file location. The default is /opt/lotus. Make sure you have enough space. The installed files in the program directory are approximately 70 MB. If you select a program directory other than /opt/lotus, then a soft link will be created from your program directory to /opt/lotus so that commands may be executed from that path.

  6. Indicate if you plan a number of Domino servers on the current physical machine. The default is No.

  7. Select the data file location. The default is /local/notesdata. It works perfectly. Make sure your have enough space. The installed files in the data directory are approximately 160 MB.

  8. Select the user and group for this server. Choose the default that you set up earlier (notes in the example).

  9. The install program displays the settings you selected. Use the TAB key to accept these settings and begin the installation, or press the ESC key to back up to change any settings. The install program will then begin installing the files.

  10. After successful installation, this message will be displayed among others:

    
  The installation completed successfully.
            
    

4.3. For all Linux distributions

4.3.1. Run the Domino Server Setup program

  1. Log on to Linux as the user you established earlier (notes in the example).

  2. Change to the directory /usr/local/notesdata (/local/notesdata for SuSE) by entering:

    
  bash# cd /
            bash# cd /usr/local/notesdata
            and then enter the following:
            bash# /opt/lotus/bin/http httpsetup
            
    
  3. A series of messages indicate the start of the Domino server. For example:

    
  05/09/2002 8:39:09 PM Created new log file as
            /usr/local/notesdata/log.nsf
            05/09/2002 8:39:09 PM
            ***************************************
            * Lotus Domino Server Setup           *
            * To setup this server, please connect*
            * your web browser to port 8081       *
            * Example: http://example.com:8081    *
            ***************************************
            05/09/2002 8:39:09 AM JVM: Java Virtual Machine initialized.
            05/09/2002 8:39:10 AM HTTP Web Server started
            
    

4.3.2. Continuing setup and configuration

  1. You begin the configuration process by connecting to your Linux server with a Web browser, either from an external machine, or the Linux machine.

    To perform setup from another machine, enter:

    
  http://example.com:8081
            
    

    To perform setup from the Linux machine, enter:

    http://localhost:8081
    
    or
    http://linux:8081
    
    for SuSE 7.3 Professional.

    where example.com is either the IP address or DNS name of your Linux server. At this point, the standard Domino configuration screens are displayed in your browser. Follow the instructions on these screens and click the Finish button on the final screen to complete the initial configuration. Online help is available on each of these screens.

  2. The HTTP Setup program will have created SERVER.ID and CERT.ID files in /usr/local/notesdata. The USER.ID file is attached to a person document in NAMES.NSF.


4.3.3. Starting the Domino Server

Before starting your Domino server, make sure no other Web server is running because it will block the Domino HTTP task from operating correctly, and you will be unable to use a Web browser to administer your server after the initial setup.

  1. Log on to Linux as the user you established earlier (notes in the example).

  2. From the /usr/local/notesdata directory (/local/notesdata for SuSE), enter:

    
  bash# /opt/lotus/bin/server
            
    

    The server starts and the usual server console messages appear.


4.3.4. Extracting your administrator ID file

Before you can perform any more administration on your Domino for Linux server, you will need to extract the administrator ID file and move it to the machine you plan to use for administration.

  1. After the HTTP Web Server task has started, switch to your administration machine and use a Web browser to connect to your new server:

    
  http://example.com
            
    

    where example.com is either the IP address or DNS name of your Linux server. The default Lotus Domino navigator screen displays.

  2. Now open the address book by entering:

    
  http://example.com/names.nsf
            
    
  3. Click to the People view and open the Person document for the administrator you created earlier and download the USER.ID file to your administration machine. If you are using a Netscape browser, you may have to rename the id file to USER.ID.


5. Resources

Lotus Developer Domain: The Documentation Library

This web site contains white papers, redbooks, FAQs etc., published by IBM about Lotus Domino/Notes.

Lotus Developer Domain: Downloads

You can download a 90-day trial version of Domino/Notes and other Lotus products here.

Lotus Developer Domain: Domino for Linux Feedback Forum

Very useful, but archived Lotus Domino for Linux Feedback Forum.

HOWTO Install Lotus Domino Server 5.0.9 on Caldera OpenLinux '99 Server Release 3.1.1

This HOWTO explains how to install Domino Server on the Caldera OpenLinux Server3.1.1.

Advisor Magazine

Advisor presents the unmatched advice of top experts in a full range of media, including magazines, journals, e-mail newsletters, conferences, seminars, workshops, CDs, on-site training, and dozens of Web sites. The expertise presented by Advisor comes from hard-won hands-on involvement with the leading technology products (as Lotus Domino/Notes) and services, and technical and business practices.

SearchDomino.com: The Domino Specific Search Engine

It's a Domino Specific Search Engine. Recommended for all Lotus Domino/Notes newbies.


6. GNU Free Documentation License

Version 1.1, March 2000

Copyright (C) 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


0. PREAMBLE

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This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free software.

We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book. We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.


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It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.


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If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one quarter of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on covers that surround only the Document within the aggregate. Otherwise they must appear on covers around the whole aggregate.


8. TRANSLATION

Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4. Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License provided that you also include the original English version of this License. In case of a disagreement between the translation and the original English version of this License, the original English version will prevail.


9. TERMINATION

You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly provided for under this License. Any other attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.


10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. See http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.

Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.


How to use this License for your documents

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:

Copyright (c) YEAR YOUR NAME. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

If you have no Invariant Sections, write "with no Invariant Sections" instead of saying which ones are invariant. If you have no Front-Cover Texts, write "no Front-Cover Texts" instead of "Front-Cover Texts being LIST"; likewise for Back-Cover Texts.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software.

 

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