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envz.3

ENVZ_ADD

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2007-05-18
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

envz_add, envz_entry, envz_get, envz_merge, envz_remove, envz_strip - environment string support  

SYNOPSIS

#include <envz.h>

error_t envz_add(char **envz, size_t *envz_len,

                    const char *name, const char *value); char *envz_entry(const char *envz, size_t *envz_len, const char *name); char *envz_get(const char *envz, size_t *envz_len, const char *name); error_t envz_merge(char **envz, size_t *envz_len,
                    const char *envz2, size_t envz2_len, int override); void envz_remove(char **envz, size_t *envz_len, const char *name); void envz_strip(char **envz, size_t *envz_len);
 

DESCRIPTION

These functions are glibc-specific.

An argz vector is a pointer to a character buffer together with a length, see argz_add(3). An envz vector is a special argz vector, namely one where the strings have the form "name=value". Everything after the first '=' is considered to be the value. If there is no '=', the value is taken to be NULL. (While the value in case of a trailing '=' is the empty string "".)

These functions are for handling envz vectors.

envz_add() adds the string name = value (in case value is non-NULL) or name (in case value is NULL) to the envz vector (*envz*envz_len) and updates *envz and *envz_len. If an entry with the same name existed, it is removed.

envz_entry() looks for name in the envz vector (envzenvz_len) and returns the entry if found, or NULL if not.

envz_get() looks for name in the envz vector (envzenvz_len) and returns the value if found, or NULL if not. (Note that the value can also be NULL, namely when there is an entry for name without '=' sign.)

envz_merge() adds each entry in envz2 to *envz, as if with envz_add(). If override is true, then values in envz2 will supersede those with the same name in *envz, otherwise not.

envz_remove() removes the entry for name from (*envz*envz_len) if there was one.

envz_strip() removes all entries with value NULL.  

RETURN VALUE

All envz functions that do memory allocation have a return type of error_t, and return 0 for success, and ENOMEM if an allocation error occurs.  

CONFORMING TO

These functions are a GNU extension. Handle with care.  

EXAMPLE

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <envz.h>

int
main(int argc, char *argv[], char *envp[])
{
    int i, e_len = 0;
    char *str;

    for (i = 0; envp[i] != NULL; i++)
        e_len += strlen(envp[i]) + 1;

    str = envz_entry(*envp, e_len, "HOME");
    printf("%s\n", str);
    str = envz_get(*envp, e_len, "HOME");
    printf("%s\n", str);
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
 

SEE ALSO

argz_add(3)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
CONFORMING TO
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

 

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