FALLOCATESection: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
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NAMEfallocate - manipulate file space
#define _GNU_SOURCE #include <fcntl.h> int fallocate(int fd, int mode, off_t offset, off_t len);
DESCRIPTIONThis is a non-portable, Linux-specific system call. For the portable, POSIX.1-specified method of ensuring that space is allocated for a file, see posix_fallocate().
fallocate() allows the caller to directly manipulate the allocated disk space for the file referred to by fd for the byte range starting at offset and continuing for len bytes.
The mode argument determines the operation to be performed on the given range. Currently only one flag is supported for mode:
- This flag allocates and initializes to zero the disk space within the range specified by offset and len. After a successful call, subsequent writes into this range are guaranteed not to fail because of lack of disk space. Preallocating zeroed blocks beyond the end of the file is useful for optimizing append workloads. Preallocating blocks does not change the file size (as reported by stat(2)) even if it is less than offset+len.
If FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE flag is not specified in mode, the default behavior is almost same as when this flag is specified. The only difference is that on success, the file size will be changed if offset + len is greater than the file size. This default behavior closely resembles the behavior of the posix_fallocate(3) library function, and is intended as a method of optimally implementing that function.
RETURN VALUEfallocate() returns zero on success, and -1 on failure.
- fd is not a valid file descriptor, or is not opened for writing.
- offset+len exceeds the maximum file size.
- A signal was caught during execution.
- offset was less than 0, or len was less than or equal to 0.
- An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file system.
- fd does not refer to a regular file or a directory. (If fd is a pipe or FIFO, a different error results.)
- There is not enough space left on the device containing the file referred to by fd.
- The file system containing the file referred to by fd does not support this operation.
- The mode is not supported by the file system containing the file referred to by fd.
VERSIONSfallocate() is available on Linux since kernel 2.6.23. Support is provided by glibc since version 2.10.
CONFORMING TOfallocate() is Linux-specific.
SEE ALSOftruncate(2), posix_fadvise(3), posix_fallocate(3)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.