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sethostname.2

GETHOSTNAME

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2008-11-27
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

gethostname, sethostname - get/set hostname  

SYNOPSIS

#include <unistd.h>

int gethostname(char *name, size_t len);
int sethostname(const char *name, size_t len);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

gethostname(): _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
sethostname(): _BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)  

DESCRIPTION

These system calls are used to access or to change the hostname of the current processor.

sethostname() sets the hostname to the value given in the character array name. The len argument specifies the number of bytes in name. (Thus, name does not require a terminating null byte.)

gethostname() returns the null-terminated hostname in the character array name, which has a length of len bytes. If the null-terminated hostname is too large to fit, then the name is truncated, and no error is returned (but see NOTES below). POSIX.1-2001 says that if such truncation occurs, then it is unspecified whether the returned buffer includes a terminating null byte.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EFAULT
name is an invalid address.
EINVAL
len is negative or, for sethostname(), len is larger than the maximum allowed size.
ENAMETOOLONG
(glibc gethostname()) len is smaller than the actual size. (Before version 2.1, glibc uses EINVAL for this case.)
EPERM
For sethostname(), the caller did not have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability.
 

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, 4.4BSD (these interfaces first appeared in 4.2BSD). POSIX.1-2001 specifies gethostname() but not sethostname().  

NOTES

SUSv2 guarantees that "Host names are limited to 255 bytes". POSIX.1-2001 guarantees that "Host names (not including the terminating null byte) are limited to HOST_NAME_MAX bytes". On Linux, HOST_NAME_MAX is defined with the value 64, which has been the limit since Linux 1.0 (earlier kernels imposed a limit of 8 bytes).  

Glibc Notes

The GNU C library does not employ the gethostname() system call; instead, it implements gethostname() as a library function that calls uname(2) and copies up to len bytes from the returned nodename field into name. Having performed the copy, the function then checks if the length of the nodename was greater than or equal to len, and if it is, then the function returns -1 with errno set to ENAMETOOLONG; in this case, no null-terminator is included in the returned name.

Versions of glibc before 2.2 handle the case where the length of the nodename was greater than or equal to len differently: nothing is copied into name and the function returns -1 with errno set to ENAMETOOLONG.  

SEE ALSO

getdomainname(2), setdomainname(2), uname(2)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
Glibc Notes
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

 

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