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socketpair.2

SOCKETPAIR

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2008-10-11
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

socketpair - create a pair of connected sockets  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h> /* See NOTES */
#include <sys/socket.h>

int socketpair(int domain, int type, int protocol, int sv[2]);  

DESCRIPTION

The socketpair() call creates an unnamed pair of connected sockets in the specified domain, of the specified type, and using the optionally specified protocol. For further details of these arguments, see socket(2).

The descriptors used in referencing the new sockets are returned in sv[0] and sv[1]. The two sockets are indistinguishable.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EAFNOSUPPORT
The specified address family is not supported on this machine.
EFAULT
The address sv does not specify a valid part of the process address space.
EMFILE
Too many descriptors are in use by this process.
ENFILE
The system limit on the total number of open files has been reached.
EOPNOTSUPP
The specified protocol does not support creation of socket pairs.
EPROTONOSUPPORT
The specified protocol is not supported on this machine.
 

CONFORMING TO

4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001. The socketpair() function call appeared in 4.2BSD. It is generally portable to/from non-BSD systems supporting clones of the BSD socket layer (including System V variants).  

NOTES

On Linux, the only supported domain for this call is AF_UNIX (or synonymously, AF_LOCAL). (Most implementations have the same restriction.)

Since Linux 2.6.27, socketpair() supports the SOCK_NONBLOCK and SOCK_CLOEXEC flags described in socket(2).

POSIX.1-2001 does not require the inclusion of <sys/types.h>, and this header file is not required on Linux. However, some historical (BSD) implementations required this header file, and portable applications are probably wise to include it.  

SEE ALSO

pipe(2), read(2), socket(2), write(2), socket(7), unix(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

 

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