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usleep.3

USLEEP

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2007-07-26
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

usleep - suspend execution for microsecond intervals  

SYNOPSIS

#include <unistd.h>

int usleep(useconds_t usec);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

usleep(): _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500  

DESCRIPTION

The usleep() function suspends execution of the calling process for (at least) usec microseconds. The sleep may be lengthened slightly by any system activity or by the time spent processing the call or by the granularity of system timers.  

RETURN VALUE

0 on success, -1 on error.  

ERRORS

EINTR
Interrupted by a signal; see signal(7).
EINVAL
usec is not smaller than 1000000. (On systems where that is considered an error.)
 

CONFORMING TO

4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001. POSIX.1-2001 declares this function obsolete; use nanosleep(2) instead. POSIX.1-2008 removes the specification of usleep().

On the original BSD implementation, and in glibc before version 2.2.2, the return type of this function is void. The POSIX version returns int, and this is also the prototype used since glibc 2.2.2.

Only the EINVAL error return is documented by SUSv2 and POSIX.1-2001.  

NOTES

The type useconds_t is an unsigned integer type capable of holding integers in the range [0,1000000]. Programs will be more portable if they never mention this type explicitly. Use

#include <unistd.h>
...
    unsigned int usecs;
...
    usleep(usecs);

The interaction of this function with the SIGALRM signal, and with other timer functions such as alarm(2), sleep(3), nanosleep(2), setitimer(2), timer_create(2), timer_delete(2), timer_getoverrun(2), timer_gettime(2), timer_settime(2), ualarm(3) is unspecified.  

SEE ALSO

alarm(2), getitimer(2), nanosleep(2), select(2), setitimer(2), sleep(3), ualarm(3), time(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

 

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