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wcsnrtombs.3

WCSNRTOMBS

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2007-07-26
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

wcsnrtombs - convert a wide-character string to a multibyte string  

SYNOPSIS

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <wchar.h>

size_t wcsnrtombs(char *dest, const wchar_t **src, size_t nwc,
                  size_t len, mbstate_t *ps);
 

DESCRIPTION

The wcsnrtombs() function is like the wcsrtombs(3) function, except that the number of wide characters to be converted, starting at *src, is limited to nwc.

If dest is not a NULL pointer, the wcsnrtombs() function converts at most nwc wide characters from the wide-character string *src to a multibyte string starting at dest. At most len bytes are written to dest. The shift state *ps is updated. The conversion is effectively performed by repeatedly calling wcrtomb(dest, *src, ps), as long as this call succeeds, and then incrementing dest by the number of bytes written and *src by one. The conversion can stop for three reasons:

1. A wide character has been encountered that can not be represented as a multibyte sequence (according to the current locale). In this case *src is left pointing to the invalid wide character, (size_t) -1 is returned, and errno is set to EILSEQ.

2. nwc wide characters have been converted without encountering a L'\0', or the length limit forces a stop. In this case *src is left pointing to the next wide character to be converted, and the number of bytes written to dest is returned.

3. The wide-character string has been completely converted, including the terminating L'\0' (which has the side effect of bringing back *ps to the initial state). In this case *src is set to NULL, and the number of bytes written to dest, excluding the terminating '\0' byte, is returned.

If dest is NULL, len is ignored, and the conversion proceeds as above, except that the converted bytes are not written out to memory, and that no destination length limit exists.

In both of the above cases, if ps is a NULL pointer, a static anonymous state only known to the wcsnrtombs function is used instead.

The programmer must ensure that there is room for at least len bytes at dest.  

RETURN VALUE

The wcsnrtombs() function returns the number of bytes that make up the converted part of multibyte sequence, not including the terminating null byte. If a wide character was encountered which could not be converted, (size_t) -1 is returned, and errno set to EILSEQ.  

CONFORMING TO

This function is a GNU extension.  

NOTES

The behavior of wcsnrtombs() depends on the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale.

Passing NULL as ps is not multithread safe.  

SEE ALSO

iconv(3), wcsrtombs(3)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

 

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