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# ATANH

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2008-08-05
Index Return to Main Contents

## NAME

atanh, atanhf, atanhl - inverse hyperbolic tangent function

## SYNOPSIS

```#include <math.h>

double atanh(double x);

float atanhf(float x);

long double atanhl(long double x);

```
Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

atanh(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99
atanhf(), atanhl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99

## DESCRIPTION

The atanh() function calculates the inverse hyperbolic tangent of x; that is the value whose hyperbolic tangent is x.

## RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the inverse hyperbolic tangent of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

If x is +1 or -1, a pole error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the mathematically correct sign.

If the absolute value of x is greater than 1, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

## ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x less than -1 or greater than +1
errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
Pole error: x is +1 or -1
errno is set to ERANGE (but see BUGS). A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.

## CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

## BUGS

For a pole error, errno is set to EDOM; POSIX.1 says it should be set to ERANGE.

## SEE ALSO

acosh(3), asinh(3), catanh(3), cosh(3), sinh(3), tanh(3)

## COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
BUGS
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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