MBSTOWCSSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Index Return to Main Contents
NAMEmbstowcs - convert a multibyte string to a wide-character string
#include <stdlib.h> size_t mbstowcs(wchar_t *dest, const char *src, size_t n);
DESCRIPTIONIf dest is not a NULL pointer, the mbstowcs() function converts the multibyte string src to a wide-character string starting at dest. At most n wide characters are written to dest. The conversion starts in the initial state. The conversion can stop for three reasons:
- An invalid multibyte sequence has been encountered. In this case (size_t) -1 is returned.
- n non-L'\0' wide characters have been stored at dest. In this case the number of wide characters written to dest is returned, but the shift state at this point is lost.
- The multibyte string has been completely converted, including the terminating '\0'. In this case the number of wide characters written to dest, excluding the terminating L'\0' character, is returned.
The programmer must ensure that there is room for at least n wide characters at dest.
If dest is NULL, n is ignored, and the conversion proceeds as above, except that the converted wide characters are not written out to memory, and that no length limit exists.
RETURN VALUEThe mbstowcs() function returns the number of wide characters that make up the converted part of the wide-character string, not including the terminating null wide character. If an invalid multibyte sequence was encountered, (size_t) -1 is returned.
NOTESThe behavior of mbstowcs() depends on the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale.
The function mbsrtowcs(3) provides a better interface to the same functionality.
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.