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# SCALB

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2009-03-15
Index Return to Main Contents

## NAME

scalb, scalbf, scalbl - multiply floating-point number by integral power of radix (OBSOLETE)

## SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double scalb(double x, double exp);
float scalbf(float x, double exp);
long double scalbl(long double x, double exp);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

scalb(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
scalbf(), scalbl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600

## DESCRIPTION

These functions multiply their first argument x by FLT_RADIX (probably 2) to the power of exp, that is:
```
x * FLT_RADIX ** exp
```

The definition of FLT_RADIX can be obtained by including <float.h>.

## RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return x * FLT_RADIX ** exp.

If x or exp is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is positive infinity (negative infinity), and exp is not negative infinity, positive infinity (negative infinity) is returned.

If x is +0 (-0), and exp is not positive infinity, +0 (-0) is returned.

If x is zero, and exp is positive infinity, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If x is an infinity, and exp is negative infinity, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with a sign the same as x.

If the result underflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return zero, with a sign the same as x.

## ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x is 0, and exp is positive infinity, or x is positive infinity and exp is negative infinity and the other argument is not a NaN
An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
Range error, overflow
An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
Range error, underflow
An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.

## CONFORMING TO

scalb() is specified in POSIX.1-2001, but marked obsolescent. POSIX.1-2008 removes the specification of scalb(), recommending the use of scalbln(3), scalblnf(3), or scalblnl(3) instead. The scalb() function is from 4.3BSD.

scalbf() and scalbl() are unstandardized; scalbf() is nevertheless present on several other systems

## SEE ALSO

ldexp(3), scalbln(3)

## COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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