GETHOSTIDSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
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NAMEgethostid, sethostid - get or set the unique identifier of the current host
int sethostid(long hostid);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
DESCRIPTIONgethostid() and sethostid() respectively get or set a unique 32-bit identifier for the current machine. The 32-bit identifier is intended to be unique among all Unix systems in existence. This normally resembles the Internet address for the local machine, as returned by gethostbyname(3), and thus usually never needs to be set.
RETURN VALUEgethostid() returns the 32-bit identifier for the current host as set by sethostid().
ERRORSsethostid() can fail with the following errors:
- The caller did not have permission to write to the file used to store the host ID.
- The calling process's effective user or group ID is not the same as its corresponding real ID.
CONFORMING TO4.2BSD; these functions were dropped in 4.4BSD. SVr4 includes gethostid() but not sethostid(). POSIX.1-2001 specifies gethostid() but not sethostid().
NOTESIn the glibc implementation, the hostid is stored in the file /etc/hostid. (In glibc versions before 2.2, the file /var/adm/hostid was used.)
In the glibc implementation, if gethostid() cannot open the file containing the host ID, then it obtains the hostname using gethostname(2), passes that hostname to gethostbyname_r(3) in order to obtain the host's IPv4 address, and returns a value obtained by bit-twiddling the IPv4 address. (This value may not be unique.)
BUGSIt is impossible to ensure that the identifier is globally unique.
SEE ALSOhostid(1), gethostbyname(3)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.