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sqrt.3

SQRT

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2008-08-05
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

sqrt, sqrtf, sqrtl - square root function  

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double sqrt(double x);

float sqrtf(float x);
long double sqrtl(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

sqrtf(), sqrtl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99  

DESCRIPTION

The sqrt() function returns the non-negative square root of x.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the square root of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If x is less than -0, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.  

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x less than -0
errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
 

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.  

SEE ALSO

cbrt(3), csqrt(3), hypot(3)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

 

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