TEMPNAMSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
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NAMEtempnam - create a name for a temporary file
#include <stdio.h> char *tempnam(const char *dir, const char *pfx);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
DESCRIPTIONThe tempnam() function returns a pointer to a string that is a valid filename, and such that a file with this name did not exist when tempnam() checked. The filename suffix of the pathname generated will start with pfx in case pfx is a non-NULL string of at most five bytes. The directory prefix part of the pathname generated is required to be "appropriate" (often that at least implies writable).
Attempts to find an appropriate directory go through the following steps:
- In case the environment variable TMPDIR exists and contains the name of an appropriate directory, that is used.
- Otherwise, if the dir argument is non-NULL and appropriate, it is used.
- Otherwise, P_tmpdir (as defined in <stdio.h>) is used when appropriate.
- Finally an implementation-defined directory may be used.
RETURN VALUEThe tempnam() function returns a pointer to a unique temporary filename, or NULL if a unique name cannot be generated.
- Allocation of storage failed.
CONFORMING TOSVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001. POSIX.1-2008 marks tempnam() as obsolete.
NOTESAlthough tempnam() generates names that are difficult to guess, it is nevertheless possible that between the time that tempnam() returns a pathname, and the time that the program opens it, another program might create that pathname using open(2), or create it as a symbolic link. This can lead to security holes. To avoid such possibilities, use the open(2) O_EXCL flag to open the pathname. Or better yet, use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3).
SUSv2 does not mention the use of TMPDIR; glibc will use it only when the program is not set-user-ID. On SVr4, the directory used under d) is /tmp (and this is what glibc does).
Because it dynamically allocates memory used to return the pathname, tempnam() is reentrant, and thus thread safe, unlike tmpnam(3).
The tempnam() function generates a different string each time it is called, up to TMP_MAX (defined in <stdio.h>) times. If it is called more than TMP_MAX times, the behavior is implementation defined.
tempnam() uses at most the first five bytes from pfx.
BUGSThe precise meaning of "appropriate" is undefined; it is unspecified how accessibility of a directory is determined.
SEE ALSOmkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tmpfile(3), tmpnam(3)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.