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Linux Foundation Training Prepares the International Space Station for Linux Migration

It’s hard to get tech support 400 kilometers away from the Earth, which is why Keith Chuvala of United Space Alliance, a NASA contractor deeply involved in Space Shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) operations, decided to migrate to Linux. As leader of the Laptops and Network Integration Teams, Chuvala oversees the developers in charge of writing and integrating software for the Station’s “OpsLAN” – a network of laptops that provide the ISS crew with vital capabilities for day-to-day operations, from telling the astronauts where they are, to inventory control of the equipment used, to interfacing with the cameras that capture photos and videos.  

logo nasa“We migrated key functions from Windows to Linux because we needed an operating system that was stable and reliable – one that would give us in-house control. So if we needed to patch, adjust or adapt, we could.” With the transition to Linux looming, Chuvala turned to the Linux Foundation’s Linux training program for help.

Expert training produces seamless Linux migration

With a goal of getting his team up to speed on developing applications in Linux, Chuvala was looking for solid training that would address various skill levels. The Linux Foundation’s training staff arranged two courses geared specifically for the USA/NASA team’s needs: Introduction to Linux for Developers and Developing Applications For Linux. Both training sessions were adapted to provide tailored instruction for the diverse group.

Dominic Duval, the Director of Enterprise Training, was able to leverage the group’s mixed backgrounds, augment their existing knowledge with Linux-specific skills, and prepare them for developing apps related specifically to the needs of the ISS. Chuvala was extremely pleased with the expertise and flexibility Duval provided the team. “Initially, I was worried about some of our real techie guys getting ‘bored,’” said Chuvala. “But that was not the case at all. Likewise, the new people were sufficiently challenged.”

Flexible, distribution-flexible training delivers excellent value

When searching for a Linux training resource, Chuvala performed a trade study and identified a primary goal of securing a training partner who could speak with authority, provide a strong curriculum, and offer flexibility in how to deliver the class. “Linux Foundation had it all, and provided the trainer on-site at our headquarters, which was a huge plus,” remarks Cuvala. “On top of that, the cost was very good, so it was overall a great value.”

Duval also espouses the benefits of Linux Training’s value proposition. “USA/NASA is as heterogeneous as it gets. They had a heavy Debian Linux deployment but also various versions of RHEL/CentOS. Because our training is flexible to a variety of distributions, we’re able to address all those different environments in a single training session. No other training organization can provide that.”

Mastering Linux to support laptops and the world’s first “Robonaut”

The dozens of laptops under Chuvala‘s care have extensive development needs—for a very small number of users. “At the ISS, our constellation of users maxes out at six, all with very specific requirements and duties.” To manage all of the astronaut’s needs Chuvala was looking for newer, more robust enterprise support, which was achieved by moving from a Scientific Linux distribution to Debian 6.

Along with the ongoing laptop support, a new challenge for Chuvala’s team is headed to the ISS – Robonaut (R2). Designed to take over some of the astronaut’s responsibilities, R2 will be the first humanoid robot in space. Running on Linux, the robot can be manipulated by onboard astronauts with ground controllers commanding it into position and performing operations. The Linux training from the Linux Foundation will help NASA developers ensure that R2 can be a productive addition to the ISS. Still in the fine-tuning phase, R2 will eventually carry out tasks too dangerous or mundane for astronauts in microgravity.

Not surprisingly, coming from someone whose customers are in outer space, Chuvala believes that one of the greatest lessons learned during training came when Duval presented Linux from a global perspective. “Things really clicked after we came to understand how Linux views the world, the interconnectedness of how one thing affects another. You need that worldview. I have quite a bit of Linux experience, but to see others who were really getting it, that was exciting.”

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  • me Said:

    That phrase: " We migrated key functions from Windows to Linux because we needed an operating system that was stable and reliable" Is priceless, long time I wanted to hear that in a statement.

  • Charles Bankston Said:

    Let that phrase resound nice and loud over the hills and dales...!

  • Amom Said:

    A very sensible movement. Very well done.

  • Jay Aurabind Said:

    Okay they`re moving to linux, but hey - which simply means they were on windows all these days, huh???? They did really trust windows for the multi billion dollar thing????

  • Nikos Said:

    Exactly so. It is unbelievable they still use a virus vulnerable OS.

  • JohnThompson Said:

    "Linux is invulnerable to viruses." != True

  • Jay Aurabind Said:

    Nothing is perfect, but linux is miles ahead of windows in security and stability.

  • Ugain Said:

    Those of us who pushed Linux were always considered the 'black sheep'. FYI, the main station computers still use Intel 386 CPUs. Most station computers run on Windows with the exception of Portable Computer System (PCS) units that initially ran using a commercial version of Unix, gov't did not like the hacker's OS called Linux then, later they switched to a customized version of Red Hat and then Scientific Linux. The PCS is the GUI to controlling the various International Space Station (ISS) systems and displaying its R/T data. Long live Linux!

  • Ed Carp Said:

    Wow, how do I get a job doing this!! :)

  • Eddie G. Said:

    This makes it official: Linux is TRULY the Top Of The Line when it comes to OS'es and computer language controlled devices, from cellphones, to robots in outer space! Can the REAL "Star Wars" be far behind? The day is coming when everyone will be going "out there" to expand the Human Race...I just hope no one designs and builds a "Death Star"!...LoL!

  • Istimsak Abdulbasir Said:

    If NASA sees the benefits of linux training from the linux Foundation, then there may be a beginning trend of LF being the De Facto Standard of learning linux. You might as well consider LF an online Linux University.

  • Glen Said:

    To bad the Defence Dept. wasn't that smart.

  • Linuxguy Said:

    No wonder the old vessels always exploded...

  • Randy Said:

    been a LINUX fan/user for years but can't seem to convert others to the "DARK" side. their all " WINDOWS" indoctrinated and abused

  • ANDROME Said:


  • Sean Said:

    It's a good thing they moved to Linux. Windows is too unstable. If any automation was run using Windows they'd be done for. Just imagine a virus opening the airlock, possibly killing all inside. AAH!

  • GoogleDrive4Linux Said:

    but i guess they have to use thumbdrives to sync data * because there is no google drive linux client !

  • Industrial Training in Chandigarh Said:

    Thanks for highlighting and discussing this topic " Linux Foundation Training Prepares the International Space Station for Linux Migration ". Your blog is very informative.

  • mandeep Said:

    thanks for giving such a nice information.write more if available about open source.

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  • navjeetsinghmultani Said:

    Good information for me. please keep updating us with new posts. thank you so much .

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