Most of the Apache Foundation's excellent software is accompanied by...

Most of the Apache Foundation's excellent software is accompanied by excellent documentation. Have a look at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/1.3/howto/htaccess.html - and if that's not enough, consult the full, non-howto docs for Apache 1.3. Also check out http://httpd.apache.org/docs/1.3/mod/mod_access.html which covers the directives your question actually is about.

Just blindly following tutorials is ill advised for such complex tasks as server administration; if anything goes awry in an unforseen way, you'll have to spend hours (if not days) to fix it if you didn't familiarize yourself with the basics in a bottom-up approach.

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