ASSERTSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
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NAMEassert - abort the program if assertion is false
#include <assert.h> void assert(scalar expression);
DESCRIPTIONIf the macro NDEBUG was defined at the moment <assert.h> was last included, the macro assert() generates no code, and hence does nothing at all. Otherwise, the macro assert() prints an error message to standard error and terminates the program by calling abort(3) if expression is false (i.e., compares equal to zero).
RETURN VALUENo value is returned.
CONFORMING TOPOSIX.1-2001, C89, C99. In C89, expression is required to be of type int and undefined behavior results if it is not, but in C99 it may have any scalar type.
BUGSassert() is implemented as a macro; if the expression tested has side-effects, program behavior will be different depending on whether NDEBUG is defined. This may create Heisenbugs which go away when debugging is turned on.
SEE ALSOabort(3), assert_perror(3), exit(3)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.