Manpage of LOCALE

LOCALE

Section: Linux User Manual (1)
Updated: 2016-03-15
Index
 

NAME

locale - get locale-specific information  

SYNOPSIS

locale [option]
locale [option] -alocale [option] -mlocale [option] name...
 

DESCRIPTION

The localecommand displays information about the current locale, or all locales, on standard output.

When invoked without arguments, localedisplays the current locale settings for each locale category (see locale(5)), based on the settings of the environment variables that control the locale (see locale(7)). Values for variables set in the environment are printed without double quotes, implied values are printed with double quotes.

If either the -aor the -moption (or one of their long-format equivalents) is specified, the behavior is as follows:

-a, --all-locales
Display a list of all available locales. The -voption causes the LC_IDENTIFICATIONmetadata about each locale to be included in the output.
-m, --charmaps
Display the available charmaps (character set description files). To display the current character set for the locale, use locale -c charmap.

The localecommand can also be provided with one or more arguments, which are the names of locale keywords (for example, date_fmt, ctype-class-names, yesexpr, or decimal_point) or locale categories (for example, LC_CTYPEor LC_TIME). For each argument, the following is displayed:

*
For a locale keyword, the value of that keyword to be displayed.
*
For a locale category, the values of all keywords in that category are displayed.

When arguments are supplied, the following options are meaningful:

-c, --category-name
For a category name argument, write the name of the locale category on a separate line preceding the list of keyword values for that category.

For a keyword name argument, write the name of the locale category for this keyword on a separate line preceding the keyword value.

This option improves readability when multiple name arguments are specified. It can be combined with the -koption.

-k, --keyword-name
For each keyword whose value is being displayed, include also the name of that keyword, so that the output has the format:


    keyword="value"

The localecommand also knows about the following options:

-v, --verbose
Display additional information for some command-line option and argument combinations.
-?, --help
Display a summary of command-line options and arguments and exit.
--usage
Display a short usage message and exit.
-V, --version
Display the program version and exit.
 

FILES

/usr/lib/locale/locale-archive
Usual default locale archive location.
/usr/share/i18n/locales
Usual default path for locale definition files.
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.  

EXAMPLE

$ localeLANG=en_US.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ALL=

$ locale date_fmt%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y

$ locale -k date_fmtdate_fmt="%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y"

$ locale -ck date_fmtLC_TIME
date_fmt="%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y"

$ locale LC_TELEPHONE+%c (%a) %l
(%a) %l
11
1
UTF-8

$ locale -k LC_TELEPHONEtel_int_fmt="+%c (%a) %l"
tel_dom_fmt="(%a) %l"
int_select="11"
int_prefix="1"
telephone-codeset="UTF-8"

The following example compiles a custom locale from the ./wrkdirectory with the localedef(1) utility under the $HOME/.localedirectory, then tests the result with the date(1) command, and then sets the environment variables LOCPATHand LANGin the shell profile file so that the custom locale will be used in the subsequent user sessions:

$ mkdir -p $HOME/.locale$ I18NPATH=./wrk/ localedef -f UTF-8 -i fi_SE $HOME/.locale/fi_SE.UTF-8$ LOCPATH=$HOME/.locale LC_ALL=fi_SE.UTF-8 date$ echo "export LOCPATH=\$HOME/.locale" >> $HOME/.bashrc$ echo "export LANG=fi_SE.UTF-8" >> $HOME/.bashrc
 

SEE ALSO

localedef(1), charmap(5), locale(5), locale(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FILES
CONFORMING TO
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO

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