Manpage of IOCTL

IOCTL

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2016-07-17
Index
 

NAME

ioctl - control device  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/ioctl.h>

int ioctl(int fd, unsigned long request, ...); 

DESCRIPTION

The ioctl() function manipulates the underlying device parameters of special files. In particular, many operating characteristics of character special files (e.g., terminals) may be controlled with ioctl() requests. The argument fdmust be an open file descriptor.

The second argument is a device-dependent request code. The third argument is an untyped pointer to memory. It's traditionally char *argp(from the days before void *was valid C), and will be so named for this discussion.

An ioctl() requesthas encoded in it whether the argument is an inparameter or outparameter, and the size of the argument argpin bytes. Macros and defines used in specifying an ioctl() requestare located in the file <sys/ioctl.h>.  

RETURN VALUE

Usually, on success zero is returned. A few ioctl() requests use the return value as an output parameter and return a nonnegative value on success. On error, -1 is returned, and errnois set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EBADF
fdis not a valid file descriptor.
EFAULT
argpreferences an inaccessible memory area.
EINVAL
requestor argpis not valid.
ENOTTY
fdis not associated with a character special device.
ENOTTY
The specified request does not apply to the kind of object that the file descriptor fdreferences.
 

CONFORMING TO

No single standard. Arguments, returns, and semantics of ioctl() vary according to the device driver in question (the call is used as a catch-all for operations that don't cleanly fit the UNIX stream I/O model). See ioctl_list(2) for a list of many of the known ioctl() calls. The ioctl() function call appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.  

NOTES

In order to use this call, one needs an open file descriptor. Often the open(2) call has unwanted side effects, that can be avoided under Linux by giving it the O_NONBLOCKflag.  

SEE ALSO

execve(2), fcntl(2), ioctl_fat(2), ioctl_ficlonerange(2), ioctl_fideduperange(2), ioctl_list(2), open(2), console_ioctl(4), sd(4), tty(4), tty_ioctl(4)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO

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