Manpage of IOPL

IOPL

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2016-03-15
Index
 

NAME

iopl - change I/O privilege level  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/io.h>

int iopl(int level); 

DESCRIPTION

iopl() changes the I/O privilege level of the calling process, as specified by the two least significant bits in level.

This call is necessary to allow 8514-compatible X servers to run under Linux. Since these X servers require access to all 65536 I/O ports, the ioperm(2) call is not sufficient.

In addition to granting unrestricted I/O port access, running at a higher I/O privilege level also allows the process to disable interrupts. This will probably crash the system, and is not recommended.

Permissions are not inherited by the child process created by fork(2) and are not preserved across execve(2) (but see NOTES).

The I/O privilege level for a normal process is 0.

This call is mostly for the i386 architecture. On many other architectures it does not exist or will always return an error.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errnois set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EINVAL
levelis greater than 3.
ENOSYS
This call is unimplemented.
EPERM
The calling process has insufficient privilege to call iopl(); the CAP_SYS_RAWIOcapability is required to raise the I/O privilege level above its current value.
 

CONFORMING TO

iopl() is Linux-specific and should not be used in programs that are intended to be portable.  

NOTES

Glibc2 has a prototype both in <sys/io.h>and in <sys/perm.h>. Avoid the latter, it is available on i386 only.

Prior to Linux 3.7, on some architectures (such as i386), permissions wereinherited by the child produced by fork(2) and were preserved across execve(2). This behavior was inadvertently changed in Linux 3.7, and won't be reinstated.  

SEE ALSO

ioperm(2), outb(2), capabilities(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 22:27:44 GMT, June 20, 2016