Manpage of SCHED_SETSCHEDULER

SCHED_SETSCHEDULER

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2016-12-12
Index
 

NAME

sched_setscheduler, sched_getscheduler - set and get scheduling policy/parameters  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sched.h>int sched_setscheduler(pid_t pid, int policy,
const struct sched_param *param);int sched_getscheduler(pid_t pid);
 

DESCRIPTION

The sched_setscheduler() system call sets both the scheduling policy and parameters for the thread whose ID is specified in pid. If pid equals zero, the scheduling policy and parameters of the calling thread will be set.

The scheduling parameters are specified in the paramargument, which is a pointer to a structure of the following form:

struct sched_param {
    ...
    int sched_priority;
    ...
};

In the current implementation, the structure contains only one field, sched_priority. The interpretation of paramdepends on the selected policy.

Currently, Linux supports the following "normal" (i.e., non-real-time) scheduling policies as values that may be specified in policy:

SCHED_OTHER
the standard round-robin time-sharing policy;
SCHED_BATCH
for "batch" style execution of processes; and
SCHED_IDLE
for running verylow priority background jobs.

For each of the above policies, param->sched_prioritymust be 0.

Various "real-time" policies are also supported, for special time-critical applications that need precise control over the way in which runnable threads are selected for execution. For the rules governing when a process may use these policies, see sched(7). The real-time policies that may be specified in policyare:

SCHED_FIFO
a first-in, first-out policy; and
SCHED_RR
a round-robin policy.

For each of the above policies, param->sched_priorityspecifies a scheduling priority for the thread. This is a number in the range returned by calling sched_get_priority_min(2) and sched_get_priority_max(2) with the specified policy. On Linux, these system calls return, respectively, 1 and 99.

Since Linux 2.6.32, the SCHED_RESET_ON_FORKflag can be ORed in policywhen calling sched_setscheduler(). As a result of including this flag, children created by fork(2) do not inherit privileged scheduling policies. See sched(7) for details.

sched_getscheduler() returns the current scheduling policy of the thread identified by pid. If pid equals zero, the policy of the calling thread will be retrieved.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, sched_setscheduler() returns zero. On success, sched_getscheduler() returns the policy for the thread (a nonnegative integer). On error, both calls return -1, and errnois set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EINVAL
Invalid arguments: pidis negative or paramis NULL.
EINVAL
(sched_setscheduler()) policyis not one of the recognized policies.
EINVAL
(sched_setscheduler()) paramdoes not make sense for the specified policy.
EPERM
The calling thread does not have appropriate privileges.
ESRCH
The thread whose ID is pid could not be found.
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008 (but see BUGS below). The SCHED_BATCH and SCHED_IDLE policies are Linux-specific.  

NOTES

Further details of the semantics of all of the above "normal" and "real-time" scheduling policies can be found in the sched(7) manual page. That page also describes an additional policy, SCHED_DEADLINE, which is settable only via sched_setattr(2).

POSIX systems on which sched_setscheduler() and sched_getscheduler() are available define _POSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULINGin <unistd.h>.

POSIX.1 does not detail the permissions that an unprivileged thread requires in order to call sched_setscheduler(), and details vary across systems. For example, the Solaris 7 manual page says that the real or effective user ID of the caller must match the real user ID or the save set-user-ID of the target.

The scheduling policy and parameters are in fact per-thread attributes on Linux. The value returned from a call to gettid(2) can be passed in the argument pid. Specifying pidas 0 will operate on the attributes of the calling thread, and passing the value returned from a call to getpid(2) will operate on the attributes of the main thread of the thread group. (If you are using the POSIX threads API, then use pthread_setschedparam(3), pthread_getschedparam(3), and pthread_setschedprio(3), instead of the sched_*(2) system calls.)  

BUGS

POSIX.1 says that on success, sched_setscheduler() should return the previous scheduling policy. Linux sched_setscheduler() does not conform to this requirement, since it always returns 0 on success.  

SEE ALSO

chrt(1), nice(2), sched_get_priority_max(2), sched_get_priority_min(2), sched_getaffinity(2), sched_getattr(2), sched_getparam(2), sched_rr_get_interval(2), sched_setaffinity(2), sched_setattr(2), sched_setparam(2), sched_yield(2), setpriority(2), capabilities(7), cpuset(7), sched(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO

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