Manpage of SET_TID_ADDRESS
SET_TID_ADDRESSSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
NAMEset_tid_address - set pointer to thread ID
#include <linux/unistd.h>long set_tid_address(int *tidptr);
DESCRIPTIONFor each thread, the kernel maintains two attributes (addresses) called set_child_tidand clear_child_tid. These two attributes contain the value NULL by default.
- If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_SETTIDflag, set_child_tidis set to the value passed in the ctidargument of that system call.
- When set_child_tidis set, the very first thing the new thread does is to write its thread ID at this address.
- If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTIDflag, clear_child_tidis set to the value passed in the ctidargument of that system call.
The system call set_tid_address() sets the clear_child_tidvalue for the calling thread to tidptr.
When a thread whose clear_child_tidis not NULL terminates, then, if the thread is sharing memory with other threads, then 0 is written at the address specified in clear_child_tidand the kernel performs the following operation:
futex(clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0);
RETURN VALUEset_tid_address() always returns the caller's thread ID.
ERRORSset_tid_address() always succeeds.
VERSIONSThis call is present since Linux 2.5.48. Details as given here are valid since Linux 2.5.49.
CONFORMING TOThis system call is Linux-specific.
NOTESGlibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using syscall(2).
SEE ALSOclone(2), futex(2), gettid(2)
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