Manpage of SETFSGID

SETFSGID

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2013-08-08
Index
 

NAME

setfsgid - set group identity used for filesystem checks  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/fsuid.h>

int setfsgid(uid_t fsgid); 

DESCRIPTION

The system call setfsgid() changes the value of the caller's filesystem group ID---the group ID that the Linux kernel uses to check for all accesses to the filesystem. Normally, the value of the filesystem group ID will shadow the value of the effective group ID. In fact, whenever the effective group ID is changed, the filesystem group ID will also be changed to the new value of the effective group ID.

Explicit calls to setfsuid(2) and setfsgid() are usually used only by programs such as the Linux NFS server that need to change what user and group ID is used for file access without a corresponding change in the real and effective user and group IDs. A change in the normal user IDs for a program such as the NFS server is a security hole that can expose it to unwanted signals. (But see below.)

setfsgid() will succeed only if the caller is the superuser or if fsgidmatches either the caller's real group ID, effective group ID, saved set-group-ID, or current the filesystem user ID.  

RETURN VALUE

On both success and failure, this call returns the previous filesystem group ID of the caller.  

VERSIONS

This system call is present in Linux since version 1.2.  

CONFORMING TO

setfsgid() is Linux-specific and should not be used in programs intended to be portable.  

NOTES

When glibc determines that the argument is not a valid group ID, it will return -1 and set errno to EINVALwithout attempting the system call.

Note that at the time this system call was introduced, a process could send a signal to a process with the same effective user ID. Today signal permission handling is slightly different. See setfsuid(2) for a discussion of why the use of both setfsuid(2) and setfsgid() is nowadays unneeded.

The original Linux setfsgid() system call supported only 16-bit group IDs. Subsequently, Linux 2.4 added setfsgid32() supporting 32-bit IDs. The glibc setfsgid() wrapper function transparently deals with the variation across kernel versions.  

BUGS

No error indications of any kind are returned to the caller, and the fact that both successful and unsuccessful calls return the same value makes it impossible to directly determine whether the call succeeded or failed. Instead, the caller must resort to looking at the return value from a further call such as setfsgid(-1)(which will always fail), in order to determine if a preceding call to setfsgid() changed the filesystem group ID. At the very least, EPERMshould be returned when the call fails (because the caller lacks the CAP_SETGIDcapability).  

SEE ALSO

kill(2), setfsuid(2), capabilities(7), credentials(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
VERSIONS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO

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Time: 22:27:41 GMT, June 20, 2016