Manpage of SIGPROCMASK
SIGPROCMASKSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
NAMEsigprocmask, rt_sigprocmask - examine and change blocked signals
/* Prototype for the glibc wrapper function */ int sigprocmask(int how, const sigset_t *set, sigset_t *oldset);/* Prototype for the underlying system call */ int rt_sigprocmask(int how, const kernel_sigset_t *set, kernel_sigset_t *oldset, size_t sigsetsize);/* Prototype for the legacy system call (deprecated) */ int sigprocmask(int how, const old_kernel_sigset_t *set, old_kernel_sigset_t *oldset);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
DESCRIPTIONsigprocmask() is used to fetch and/or change the signal mask of the calling thread. The signal mask is the set of signals whose delivery is currently blocked for the caller (see also signal(7) for more details).
The behavior of the call is dependent on the value of how, as follows.
- The set of blocked signals is the union of the current set and the setargument.
- The signals in setare removed from the current set of blocked signals. It is permissible to attempt to unblock a signal which is not blocked.
- The set of blocked signals is set to the argument set.
If oldsetis non-NULL, thevalue of the signal mask is stored in oldset.
If setis NULL, then the signal mask is unchanged (i.e., howis ignored), but the current value of the signal mask is nevertheless returned in oldset(if it is not NULL).
A set of functions for modifying and inspecting variables of type sigset_t("signal sets") is described in sigsetops(3).
The use of sigprocmask() is unspecified in a multithreaded process; see pthread_sigmask(3).
RETURN VALUEsigprocmask() returns 0 on success and -1 on error. In the event of an error, errnois set to indicate the cause.
- The setor oldsetargument points outside the process's allocated address space.
- Either the value specified in howwas invalid or the kernel does not support the size passed in sigsetsize.
CONFORMING TOPOSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.
NOTESIt is not possible to block SIGKILL or SIGSTOP. Attempts to do so are silently ignored.
Each of the threads in a process has its own signal mask.
See sigsetops(3) for details on manipulating signal sets.
C library/kernel differences
The kernel's definition of sigset_tdiffers in size from that used by the C library. In this manual page, the former is referred to as kernel_sigset_t(it is nevertheless named sigset_tin the kernel sources).
The glibc wrapper function for sigprocmask() silently ignores attempts to block the two real-time signals that are used internally by the NPTL threading implementation. See nptl(7) for details.
The original Linux system call was named sigprocmask(). However, with the addition of real-time signals in Linux 2.2, the fixed-size, 32-bit sigset_t(referred to as old_kernel_sigset_tin this manual page) type supported by that system call was no longer fit for purpose. Consequently, a new system call, rt_sigprocmask(), was added to support an enlarged sigset_ttype (referred to as kernel_sigset_tin this manual page). The new system call takes a fourth argument, size_t sigsetsize, which specifies the size in bytes of the signal sets in setand oldset. This argument is currently required to have the value 8 ( sizeof(kernel_sigset_t)).
SEE ALSOkill(2), pause(2), sigaction(2), signal(2), sigpending(2), sigsuspend(2), pthread_sigmask(3), sigqueue(3), sigsetops(3), signal(7)
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