Manpage of FGETC
FGETCSection: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
NAMEfgetc, fgets, getc, getchar, ungetc - input of characters and strings
#include <stdio.h>int fgetc(FILE *stream);char *fgets(char *s, int size, FILE *stream);int getc(FILE *stream);int getchar(void);int ungetc(int c, FILE *stream);
DESCRIPTIONfgetc() reads the character from streamand returns it as an unsigned charcast to an int, or EOFon end of file or error.
getc() is equivalent to fgetc() except that it may be implemented as a macro which evaluates streammore than once.
getchar() is equivalent to getc(stdin).
fgets() reads in at most one less than sizecharacters from streamand stores them into the buffer pointed to by s. Reading stops after an EOFor a newline. If a newline is read, it is stored into the buffer. A terminating null byte (aq\0aq) is stored after the last character in the buffer.
ungetc() pushes cback to stream, cast to unsigned char, where it is available for subsequent read operations. Pushed-back characters will be returned in reverse order; only one pushback is guaranteed.
Calls to the functions described here can be mixed with each other and with calls to other input functions from the stdiolibrary for the same input stream.
For nonlocking counterparts, see unlocked_stdio(3).
RETURN VALUEfgetc(), getc() and getchar() return the character read as an unsigned charcast to an intor EOFon end of file or error.
fgets() returns son success, and NULL on error or when end of file occurs while no characters have been read.
ATTRIBUTESFor an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
CONFORMING TOPOSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99.
It is not advisable to mix calls to input functions from the stdiolibrary with low-level calls to read(2) for the file descriptor associated with the input stream; the results will be undefined and very probably not what you want.
SEE ALSOread(2), write(2), ferror(3), fgetwc(3), fgetws(3), fopen(3), fread(3), fseek(3), getline(3), gets(3), getwchar(3), puts(3), scanf(3), ungetwc(3), unlocked_stdio(3), feature_test_macros(7)
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