Manpage of FNMATCH

FNMATCH

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2015-12-28
Index
 

NAME

fnmatch - match filename or pathname  

SYNOPSIS

#include <fnmatch.h>int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);
 

DESCRIPTION

The fnmatch() function checks whether the stringargument matches the patternargument, which is a shell wildcard pattern.

The flagsargument modifies the behavior; it is the bitwise OR of zero or more of the following flags:

FNM_NOESCAPE
If this flag is set, treat backslash as an ordinary character, instead of an escape character.
FNM_PATHNAME
If this flag is set, match a slash in stringonly with a slash in patternand not by an asterisk (*) or a question mark (?) metacharacter, nor by a bracket expression ([]) containing a slash.
FNM_PERIOD
If this flag is set, a leading period in stringhas to be matched exactly by a period in pattern. A period is considered to be leading if it is the first character in string, or if both FNM_PATHNAMEis set and the period immediately follows a slash.
FNM_FILE_NAME
This is a GNU synonym for FNM_PATHNAME.
FNM_LEADING_DIR
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is considered to be matched if it matches an initial segment of stringwhich is followed by a slash. This flag is mainly for the internal use of glibc and is implemented only in certain cases.
FNM_CASEFOLD
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is matched case-insensitively.
FNM_EXTMATCH
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, extended patterns are supported, as introduced by 'ksh' and now supported by other shells. The extended format is as follows, with pattern-listbeing a '|' separated list of patterns.
'?(pattern-list)'
The pattern matches if zero or one occurrences of any of the patterns in the pattern-list match the input string.
'*(pattern-list)'
The pattern matches if zero or more occurrences of any of the patterns in the pattern-list match the input string.
'+(pattern-list)'
The pattern matches if one or more occurrences of any of the patterns in the pattern-list match the input string.
'@(pattern-list)'
The pattern matches if exactly one occurrence of any of the patterns in the pattern-list match the input string.
'!(pattern-list)'
The pattern matches if the input string cannot be matched with any of the patterns in the pattern-list.
 

RETURN VALUE

Zero if stringmatches pattern, FNM_NOMATCHif there is no match or another nonzero value if there is an error.  

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
InterfaceAttributeValue
fnmatch() Thread safetyMT-Safe env locale
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, POSIX.2. The FNM_FILE_NAME, FNM_LEADING_DIR, and FNM_CASEFOLDflags are GNU extensions.  

SEE ALSO

sh(1), glob(3), scandir(3), wordexp(3), glob(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO

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Time: 22:27:55 GMT, June 20, 2016