# SCALBLN

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2017-09-15
Index

## NAME

scalbn, scalbnf, scalbnl, scalbln, scalblnf, scalblnl - multiply floating-point number by integral power of radix

## SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double scalbln(double x, long int exp);
float scalblnf(float x, long int exp);
long double scalblnl(long double x, long int exp);

double scalbn(double x, int exp);
float scalbnf(float x, int exp);
long double scalbnl(long double x, int exp);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

scalbln(), scalblnf(), scalblnl():

_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE

scalbn(), scalbnf(), scalbnl():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

## DESCRIPTION

These functions multiply their first argument xby FLT_RADIX(probably 2) to the power of exp, that is:

```    x * FLT_RADIX ** exp
```

The definition of FLT_RADIXcan be obtained by including <float.h>.

## RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return x* FLT_RADIX** exp.

If xis a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If xis positive infinity (negative infinity), positive infinity (negative infinity) is returned.

If xis +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with a sign the same as x.

If the result underflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return zero, with a sign the same as x.

## ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Range error, overflow
An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
Range error, underflow
An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.

## VERSIONS

These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.

## ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
 Interface Attribute Value scalbn(), scalbnf(), scalbnl(), scalbln(), scalblnf(), scalblnl() Thread safety MT-Safe

## CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

## NOTES

These functions differ from the obsolete functions described in scalb(3) in the type of their second argument. The functions described on this page have a second argument of an integral type, while those in scalb(3) have a second argument of type double.

If FLT_RADIXequals 2 (which is usual), then scalbn() is equivalent to ldexp(3).

ldexp(3), scalb(3)

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
VERSIONS
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
NOTES