Manpage of SIGVEC


Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2017-09-15


sigvec, sigblock, sigsetmask, siggetmask, sigmask - BSD signal API  


#include <signal.h>

int sigvec(int sig, const struct sigvec *vec, struct sigvec *ovec);

int sigmask(int signum);

int sigblock(int mask);

int sigsetmask(int mask);

int siggetmask(void);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

All functions shown above:
    Since glibc 2.19:
    Glibc 2.19 and earlier:


These functions are provided in glibc as a compatibility interface for programs that make use of the historical BSD signal API. This API is obsolete: new applications should use the POSIX signal API (sigaction(2), sigprocmask(2), etc.).

The sigvec() function sets and/or gets the disposition of the signal sig(like the POSIX sigaction(2)). If vecis not NULL, it points to a sigvecstructure that defines the new disposition for sig. If ovecis not NULL, it points to a sigvecstructure that is used to return the previous disposition of sig. To obtain the current disposition of sigwithout changing it, specify NULL for vec, and a non-null pointer for ovec.

The dispositions for SIGKILLand SIGSTOPcannot be changed.

The sigvecstructure has the following form:

struct sigvec {
    void (*sv_handler)(int); /* Signal disposition */
    int    sv_mask;          /* Signals to be blocked in handler */
    int    sv_flags;         /* Flags */ };

The sv_handlerfield specifies the disposition of the signal, and is either: the address of a signal handler function; SIG_DFL, meaning the default disposition applies for the signal; or SIG_IGN, meaning that the signal is ignored.

If sv_handlerspecifies the address of a signal handler, then sv_maskspecifies a mask of signals that are to be blocked while the handler is executing. In addition, the signal for which the handler is invoked is also blocked. Attempts to block SIGKILLor SIGSTOPare silently ignored.

If sv_handlerspecifies the address of a signal handler, then the sv_flagsfield specifies flags controlling what happens when the handler is called. This field may contain zero or more of the following flags:

If the signal handler interrupts a blocking system call, then upon return from the handler the system call will not be restarted: instead it will fail with the error EINTR. If this flag is not specified, then system calls are restarted by default.
Reset the disposition of the signal to the default before calling the signal handler. If this flag is not specified, then the handler remains established until explicitly removed by a later call to sigvec() or until the process performs an execve(2).
Handle the signal on the alternate signal stack (historically established under BSD using the obsolete sigstack() function; the POSIX replacement is sigaltstack(2)).

The sigmask() macro constructs and returns a "signal mask" for signum. For example, we can initialize the vec.sv_maskfield given to sigvec() using code such as the following:

vec.sv_mask = sigmask(SIGQUIT) | sigmask(SIGABRT);
            /* Block SIGQUIT and SIGABRT during
               handler execution */

The sigblock() function adds the signals in maskto the process's signal mask (like POSIX sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK)), and returns the process's previous signal mask. Attempts to block SIGKILLor SIGSTOPare silently ignored.

The sigsetmask() function sets the process's signal mask to the value given in mask(like POSIX sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK)), and returns the process's previous signal mask.

The siggetmask() function returns the process's current signal mask. This call is equivalent to sigblock(0).  


The sigvec() function returns 0 on success; on error, it returns -1 and sets errnoto indicate the error.

The sigblock() and sigsetmask() functions return the previous signal mask.

The sigmask() macro returns the signal mask for signum.  


See the ERRORS under sigaction(2) and sigprocmask(2).  


Starting with version 2.21, the GNU C library no longer exports the sigvec() function as part of the ABI. (To ensure backward compatibility, the glibc symbol versioning scheme continues to export the interface to binaries linked against older versions of the library.)  


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
sigvec(), sigmask(), sigblock(), sigsetmask(), siggetmask() Thread safetyMT-Safe


All of these functions were in 4.3BSD, except siggetmask(), whose origin is unclear. These functions are obsolete: do not use them in new programs.  


On 4.3BSD, the signal() function provided reliable semantics (as when calling sigvec() with vec.sv_maskequal to 0). On System V, signal() provides unreliable semantics. POSIX.1 leaves these aspects of signal() unspecified. See signal(2) for further details.

In order to wait for a signal, BSD and System V both provided a function named sigpause(3), but this function has a different argument on the two systems. See sigpause(3) for details.  


kill(2), pause(2), sigaction(2), signal(2), sigprocmask(2), raise(3), sigpause(3), sigset(3), signal(7)




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