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Top 10 Open Source Linux Boards Under $200

Since Linux.com last surveyed the community-backed open source board scene in June 2012, some projects have faded, but a number of new boards have popped up to take their place. In fact, most of our top 10 Linux or Android-ready open source single board computers (SBCs) have shipped in the last few months.

Via Technologies' APC Rock Not all the projects offer the same transparency or open governance, but at a minimum, they all provide open source Linux or Android code (often both), full schematics and other documentation, and at least an attempt at forums or other community resources.

Some projects more clearly show the hand of a single manufacturer, while several triangulate between the community project, an arms-length semiconductor vendor backer, and one or more third-party manufacturers and/or distributors. This is the classic model that supports the BeagleBone Black, with BeagleBoard.org, Texas Instruments (TI), and CircuitCo, playing their respective roles.

One TI-based board, the CraneBoard, has faded off the list, as has the Samsung Exynos based Origenboard. Origenboard.org at least still shows some signs of life, but appears to have been upstaged by Hardkernel's Exynos-focused Odroid project. Meanwhile, the Igloo Community and its Snowball board has been shut down entirely, due in large part to the fact that its chip vendor and sponsor ST-Ericsson is moving toward dissolution. Snowball manufacturer Calao still has some of the Cortex-A9 boards left, however.

The only SoC manufacturers listed twice here are TI and Freescale, each represented by two different SoC models. The others each use a different processor and vendor, including Allwinner, Broadcom, Samsung, Via, and Xilinx SoCs. All these are ARM-based SoCs, but for the first time we also include an x86 board with the Atom-based Minnowboard from Intel-backed Minnowboard.org.

Common Features

Not surprisingly, more powerful processors are showing up in open source boards, including the Cortex-A15-based Samsung Exynos 5 Octa processor in the new Odroid-XU. Yet, the most popular boards continue to be modestly powered, under-$50 SBCs, in particular the Raspberry Pi Foundation's $35 Raspberry Pi and the $45 BeagleBone Black.

Low price isn't the only draw here. These projects' largely transparent, user-responsive operations, lack of overbearing corporate control, and investment in education and hobbyist efforts help create large vibrant communities of developers who create a cascade of openly shared code and designs. This in turn attracts new developers and makes it easier for them to get started with essentially free tech support.

Other open board trends include increasingly smaller PCB size. Most of the boards are about the size of a modern smartphone or phablet, and several are even smaller. Most now offer HDMI ports to keep up with the otherwise modestly appointed Raspberry Pi, although most offer micro-HDMI ports instead of the Pi's full-sized connection.

Sometimes there's a fine line between open source, community-backed SBCs and the more prevalent commercial SBCs that offer open source Linux -- and increasingly Android -- builds, and in many cases full schematics. Several of these pop up every month, as seen on embedded sites like LinuxGizmos, which also offers reports on most of our Top 10 community boards. But community counts, especially if you're not funded to build a commercial product with customers waiting with checks in hand.

There's also something of a gray area between community boards and open platform mini-PCs from companies like CompuLab, which have been left off our list. Several of our top 10 contenders now come with optional enclosures to create a de facto mini-PC, but they also offer board-only versions.

We've also left off boards where Linux plays a minor role, as in the interesting new Arduino Yun board, which runs Linux on a 400MHz MIPS processor, but limits it to controlling networking functionality. In addition, there are several new open source SBCs on the horizon that didn't make the list. These include the Xilinx Zynq-based Red Pitaya measurement and control board, which is still in Kickstarter mode.

Top 10 Open Source Boards

The following Top 10 community backed Linux boards are listed in alphabetical order, with links, price, project, and processor. They are described in more detail in the slide show below (click on View Gallery).

APC Rock -- $79, Via Technologies, 800MHz Cortex-A9 Wondermedia

BeagleBone Black -- $45, BeagleBoard.org, 1GHz Cortex-A8 TI Sitara AM3359

Cosmic+ -- $65, Phytec, 500MHz Cortex-A5 Freescale Vybrid

Cubieboard 2 -- $59, Wang And Tom Development Ltd. (Allwinner), Cortex-A7 dual-core Allwinner A20

MicroZed -- $199, Avnet, Xilinx Cortex-A9/FPGA Zynq-7010

MinnowBoard -- $199, MinnowBoard.org (Intel), 1GHz Intel Atom E640

Odroid-XU -- $149/$169, Odroid Project (Hardkernel), Samsung Exynos 5410 Octa (8-core Big,Little Cortex-A15 and –A7)

PandaBoard -- $182, PandaBoard.org (TI), TI 1.2GHz Cortex-A9 OMAP4460

Raspberry Pi Model B – $35, Raspberry Pi Foundation, Broadcom 700MHz ARM11 BCM2835

Wandboard Quad -- Wandboard.org (Freescale), Freescale 1GHz Cortex-A9 i.MX 6Quad

 

Comments

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  • Tsvetan Said:

    What exactly do you mean when say "open source linux boards"? Only Beagle Bone Black is open source hardware board from all quoted, none of the other is open surce as they do not provide CAD (source) files for the boards as per OSHW definition http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW Calling one board (hardware) open source just because it runs Linux is nonsense, as if this is right my laptop running Ubuntu is also open source laptop

  • Gone Said:

    Wandaboard is open source. CAD, schematics and gerbers are provided

  • Tsvetan Said:

    can you please send me link to the CAD files of Wandaboard?

  • David Anders Said:

    the BeagleBone Black, MinnowBoard, and PandaBoard all release 100% of the design files under creative commons license. all the file are available for download on each of the respective community websites....

  • Luis G Said:

    Someone please tell this complete idiot the difference between open source and open hardware

  • Birre Said:

    Yeah Tsvetan, I agree, open hardware must include everything and it should use cpu that one can buy without having to buy a batch and don't include any restrictions how to use it to be fully open. I only know one that deliver all this, OLINUXINO. https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/open-source-hardware

  • David Anders Said:

    the bill-of-materials for the BeagleBone Black, MinnowBoard, and PandaBoard are available. all materials for all three boards are available in small quantity via a range of distributors. NOTE: when the PandaBoard was originally release the OMAP44xx could not be purchased, however that is no longer the case...

  • Tsvetan Said:

    agree, these three boards are the only three open source hardware boards from this article

  • Aqeel Said:

    How could you have forgotten Adapteva's Parallela? Open Source Hardware board that comes with Ubuntu and has amazing specs for $99. It was originally crowd funded too.

  • FG Said:

    Where can I buy one? Is it all ready shipping?

  • Jeshwanth Kumar N K Said:

    Even Raspberry pi is not :(

  • Birre Said:

    Raspberry pi can't be liberated since it support hardware decoding of mpeg-2 and VC-1 video, we have to thank the owner of everything (MPEG-LA) for removing the freedom for all humans so they can put "intellectual property rights management" in all hardware and put everyone in jail if they set the wrong bit without license. Well, the one to blame is the idiots who made it possible to get those patents in the first place. It's ironic that a country with peoples that hate communism and love freedom and a free market have a government that hate freedom and let companies have monopoly on everything so they can control the market and the users.

  • Patola Said:

    This is a huge disapppointment coming from Linux.com. Raspberry Pi is not by any definition "open-source". This is a huge lie. See that - http://whitequark.org/blog/2012/09/25/why-raspberry-pi-is-unsuitable-for-education/

  • Gonzalo Said:

    Good ones! I think multicore little boards like these are the future for running (ARM) GNU/Linux.

  • Sylvain Said:

    Hi Not bad, covering the whole range from the cheapest board, to the more expensive ones, but I would have included the Pcduino instead of the Cubieboard. Both are cheap, only marginally "open" and based on Allwinner chips, but the Cubieboard documentation is appalling, while the Pcduino is at least somehow documented and supported. OTOH, not including any Olimex board is a big mistake. They do a very good job at designing, documenting and distributing their boards. For example their Allwinner-based OLinuXino are the best implementations around (sadly too big for my application), and they even sell you the Allwinner chips in small quantities if you want to make derivatives. S.

  • Eric Brown Said:

    Good points about the Pi. I should not have suggested it was on par with the BeagleBone on open source licensing. Yet the success of these two projects share more than just being cheap: both projects foster an open community that encourages widespread innovation and makes it easier for small-scale developers to do interesting things. The concept of "Open" works on many levels, so I think the Pi still belongs. Thanks for tips on PcDuino and OLinuxXino, We'll track them for next time.

  • Tsvetan Said:

    I see your point, sure Rpi spreads Linux knowledge, so it's very important for Linux community, but using Open Source Hardware is not corect term for these kind of boards. Next time just call them Embedded Linux Boards and it will be correct, but to name Open Source Hardware boards where 7 out of 10 quoted are closed source hardware is misleading for your readers.

  • dasdasdasdasdasd Said:

    "Rpi spreads Linux knowledge, so it's very important for Linux community" obviously you don't know jack shit about linux,dickard

  • jcll Said:

    What about Armadeus boards (AND its nice community) : http://www.armadeus.com/wiki/index.php?title=Main_Page

  • Henri Said:

    http://www.wandboard.org/index.php/downloads, seems wandboard is open hardware, you do get all the schematics./

  • zdfkdjf Said:

    OK335XD Cortex A8 also is a good choice.

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