provide key technologies in the "National Grid," a massive network of
computers distributed throughout the United Kingdom. IBM is
closely with a number of the Grid centers to leverage IBM's
expertise in scalable servers and storage, open standards,
technologies, services and e-business software.
A new open-source-based model of computing, Grids are clusters of
together over the Internet, using standard protocols and other open
technologies, including Linux. Just as the World Wide Web allows people
content via standard Internet protocols, Grid computing allows
organizations to share applications, data and resources using emerging
The British government, through the Office of Science and Technology,
building the National Grid for collaborative scientific research in a
spectrum of disciplines. It will also serve as a testbed for deploying
"e-utility computing" also known as "e-sourcing." - - the delivery of
resources including bandwidth, applications, storage as a utility-like
over the Internet.
Leading the way, IBM has been chosen to build a sophisticated data
facility at Oxford University, one of nine Grid centers. The national
center is located in Edinburgh/Glasgow. The other regional centers are
at the universities of Newcastle, Belfast, Manchester, Cardiff,
Southampton and Imperial College, London.
The IBM data store will be the primary source of high energy physics
generated at the US Particle Physics Laboratory in Chicago and
to the UK. The UK National Grid will also be used for experiments at
Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European particle physics laboratory
in Geneva, Switzerland. Once the Grid is complete, scientists all
United Kingdom will be able to access data to collaborate remotely on
projects. For example, using the National Grid, scientists in a lab in
will be able to run sophisticated high-energy physics applications on
"I am delighted that IBM is collaborating with the UK to build the
next-generation Grid middleware, which will have implications far
original scientific applications," said Tony Hey, architect of the U.K.
Grid. "IBM brings a wide range of key technologies to the Grid agenda
collaborating closely with several of our Grid centres."
"The United Kingdom is clearly taking a leadership role in the
Grid computing, which represents a significant market opportunity,"
Turek, IBM vice president of emerging technologies. "IBM is proud to be
integral part of the National Grid project -- a bold next step in the
of the Internet."
IBM Grid Expertise
IBM is the industry-leading supplier of Grid systems as well as
expertise to the scientific and technical community. In addition to
many of the world's leading labs and research organizations, IBM
its own Grid -- a geographically distributed supercomputer linking IBM
and development labs in the United States, Israel, Switzerland, Japan.
Global Services organization offers the complete range of IT skills
build, run and maintain Grids.
To help customers manage complex Grids, IBM offers scalable
systems and middleware with IBM eLiza self-management technologies.
eLiza, announced by IBM earlier this year, is a company-wide program to
systems that respond to the requirements of their environment in
order to optimize performance across a network, improve security and
IBM also plans to Grid-enable key IBM systems and technologies,
allowing them to
be plugged into these growing worldwide networks quickly and easily.
In the same way it played a leadership role in the commercial adoption
IBM is working with open source groups, including the Globus
community and the Global Grid Forum.
Grids - enablers of e-sourcing
Grids -- like Linux and the Internet itself -- are poised to grow
academic world and become an important business platform. Grid
provide a key platform for e-sourcing -- a major initiative within IBM
the sale and delivery of information technology as a utility-like
the Internet. State-of-the-art IBM e-Utility Labs in the United States
using Grids to develop and test e-sourcing services-- and IBM is
working with a number of forward-thinking customers to enable
commercial grid environments.
Grid protocols could allow companies to work more closely and more
with colleagues, partners and suppliers through:
Resource aggregation -- allowing corporate users to treat a
IT infrastructure as one computer through more efficient management.
Database-sharing -- allowing companies to access remote databases.
particularly useful for life sciences research firms that need to
genome data with other firms. Engineering and financial firms also
Collaboration -- allowing widely dispersed organizations to work
a project -- sharing everything from engineering blueprints to
About the National Grid
The National Grid will be created as part of the e-Science Core
is overseen by the British Government's Office of Science and
e-Science Core Programme was announced last year as part of a British
three-year funding package to develop e-Science -- global scientific
collaboration and the next generation of infrastructure that will