November 20, 2001

The Linux Line

Author: JT Smith

"It's hard to believe we're into the last quarter of 2001.Clearly,
we're facing the most challenging business environment in years.
Nevertheless, Linux continues to make its growing presence felt."

If this is your first issue, you should know that Linux is the 
fastest-growing server operating system in the world. IBM is 

proud to support Linux and the Open Source development
community that drives it 100%. We've enabled our full line of 
hardware, software and services to run and support Linux because
we believe that open standards-based development is what
e-business needs to reach its full potential.

That's why, every quarter, we'll provide you with the best
information on Linux that IBM has to offer -- late-breaking news,
hot topics, exclusive interviews, a full events calendar, some
eye-opening Linux solutions, deployments, developer news, facts 
and figures. 

We look forward to sharing the Linux adventure with you.We would
benefit from your feedback. Please feel free to forward The Linux
Line to your friends and colleagues, or if this was sent to you,
please join our 12,000 other subscribers by visiting:

        "Linux is on the Move -- Up!" by Aberdeen Group      
        Exclusive    Scott Handy, IBM, Linux Solutions Marketing 
        Interviews:  Howie Hunger,IBM Net Devices Computing
                     Ly-Huong Pham, Turbolinux, CEO       
        Announcing Eclipse
        Linux Cluster 1300 Solution
        Linux Scholar Challenge Results
     APPetizers - new business applications ported to Linux
     DEVELOPments - Linux can do what? Development successes
        and brainstorms
     SUPPORTING LINUX - an expanding universe of Linux
          support services
     THE LINUX LOOP - events & resources to keep you current
     DID YOU KNOW? - facts and figures on the growing Linux
ANALYSTS' CORNER                      Linux is on the Move -- Up!
                                 Copyright © 2001 Abderdeen Group
The development of Linux is moving faster than any other 
commercial operating system (OS) to date. It's moving so fast 
that it will leapfrog Windows[r] to replace Unix[r] on the high-
end in 7-8 years. That means Linux, z/OS[tm] and Windows will be 
the primary server OSs by the end of the decade. So says Aberdeen
Group in a recent report that says the reason for the rapid
growth of Linux is primarily two-fold. The first reason they 
cite is that there are thousands of open-source developers 
contributing to Linux and many Unix deverlopers are looking
for new interests. The second reason cited is that Unix 
technology transfers easily to Linux.   

Read the report:

by Rayme Jernigan     Scott Handy, IBM, Linux Solutions Marketing

Why Eclipse means more Linux applications

On November 5, IBM announced that it is contributing$40 million 
of software to a new, independent open-source community. The 
Java[r]-based open source software, code-named Eclipse, will 
enable developers to use software tools from multiple suppliers 
together, allowing developers to integrate business processes 
used to create e-business applications, such as those for Web 
services. Eclipse has major implications both for Linux, and for 
Linux application development. We asked Scott Handy, director of 
Linux solutions marketing for the IBM Software Group to discuss 
Eclipse, and explain its relationship to IBM's WebSphere[r] 
Studio Family. 

LL: You've announced the new Web Sphere Studio Application 
Developer. I understand that this environment spans both the 
Windows and Linux platforms. Would you talk to us some about 
what this announcement means, especially for Linux developers,
from both an application development platform and target platform

Scott: This is a very significant announcement, and what it means 
for Linux developers is that though there are a fair number of 
tools available for Linux today, there have always been a much, 
much broader set of tools available on the Windows platform.

What this technology will do is allow tools developers to more 
easily port their tools to the WebSphere platform, and then have 
them work across both Windows and Linux. So what we'll see in the 
end is many more tools available, eventually, for Linux. 

You mentioned development and deployment. Certainly, Linux is a 
great deployment environment, and it's the fastest growing server 
operating system in the world. But we're now seeing a lot of 
interest in it on the client, especially for development. We've 
even had some surveys that say upwards of 70% of the use of Linux 
as a client is for development use. So to feed that development, 
we needed to get a set of tools out there. This WebSphere Studio 
Application Developer is both a set of IBM tools, and it's also a
framework for other tools vendors to put their tool on top of. As 
the announcement says, this will increase the number of tools 
available for both Windows and Linux, because we have over 1,200 
developers from over 150 companies already participating in the 
Eclipse project. 

LL: The WebSphere Studio Workbench is also part of this 
announcement. What's the relationship between these two, and why
are you releasing the Eclipse code as open source?

Scott: The product we've been having developers test out in the 
market, since about May, is called the IBM WebSphere Studio 
Workbench. What we're announcing today is that we're going to 
open source that technology freely, and create an open source 
project called Eclipse. Basically, Eclipse is the open source 
version of the WebSphere Studio Workbench. 

You also asked why we're open sourcing the Workbench. Well, 
there are a couple reasons. First, while we're going to provide
IBM tools in the WebSphere Studio family on top of the Eclipse 
technology (which we'll call the IBM WebSphere Studio Workbench 
when shipped with IBM products), there's also strong interest 
from the companies we've talked to in providing their own tools 
based on this technology.

The overall objective here is to dramatically increase the 
number of tools and the number of applications available for 
Linux, knocking down a barrier to even wider Linux adoption. 
While we plan to aggressively port our tools to the technology,
we expect the whole industry to aggressively port tools to the
technology, too, and we don't want to be the gating factor. In 
fact, we want there to be no limit to how far this could expand 
as a technology for Linux tools. We actually think that this 
could be as expansive for the tooling environment as Apache was
for Web Servers.

There are vendors who are very interested in supplying just a 
plug in for a certain particular specialty they have; or 
technology for a particular industry. That would not have been
possible before, because they could not have sustained the cost
of bringing such a plug-in or technology to market as a stand 
alone product. So this opens up a whole new area for expansion,
for certain companies to provide specific plug-ins. 

LL: It sounds like the decision to open source Eclipse came 
well after development was underway. Why did IBM develop Eclipse
to begin with? 

Scott: We've been developing this technology actually for several 
years, because we needed it to solve some problems with our own 
tools, which is really a reflection of the fact that application 
development is no longer a stand-alone activity where a single
developer develops a single function in a single application 
for deployment.

With the movement to e-business, entire projects are developed 
around what we'll call an e-business application where there's a 
server side of the application, there's a mobile component to the 
application for connecting to cell phones and PDA's now, there's 
a connection back to legacy systems to get existing data and 
transactions potentially off of a mainframe system, there's the
e-commerce portion of the application and so on. What we were 
trying to do was just integrate our own tools. 

Then customers wanted to integrate the IBM tools with the third
party tools so that a single application development project 
could use one tool to integrate in the cell phone and PDA access 
for m-commerce, or mobile commerce; a different tool to do the 
legacy integration to back-end mainframe systems; and a third 
tool to do the e-commerce access for both B2C and B2B commerce 
capability for the application. That's how it happened.

We're open sourcing it to make sure that it is truly open. 
While we certainly want to make the IBM tools communicate well 
together, our objective here is also to make sure that our 
tools communicate very well with third party tools, and to 
allow other vendors to use the technology to let their tools 
communicate together independently. 

LL: Is there anything that you'd like to add or tell us?

Scott: Yes, I'd just like to add this. There are tens of millions 
of dollars of code here that we're open sourcing, and the very 
fact that we're doing it shows that there's an underlying 
importance here, that this is a needed technology for the 
industry. I think that the industry will look at this 
technology and we'll see incredible adoption. 

Every tools vendor, customer, or analyst who really 
understands the issues surrounding e-business application 
development, Linux, and open source says that this is a really
great move by IBM. It will really open up the tools market, and
again, really knock down one of the biggest inhibitors to 
Linux's further adoption: the number of Linux applications. 
The fastest way to get more applications is to get more tools
that developers are interested in. So we think this technology
is actually aimed right at the spot that will help Linux move 
to the next phase of adoption: mainstream adoption by application
developers, and this will then drive mainstream business use. 
We're very excited, and I think that the reception by the 
industry will validate our excitement.

Rayme Jernigan is the managing editor of the IBM Linux portals. 
He has published articles through several publications and 
content sites including JavaWorld,IBM/developerWorks and Javasoft
at Sun Microsystems.He was the founder and first president of the
Triangle Java Users Group, and can be reached:

by Rayme Jernigan        Howie Hunger, IBM, Net Devices Computing

Who Needs Linux Thin Clients?

Late last month,IBM announced a new suite of NetVista[tm] products 
that use the Linux operating system. The thin client model lets
applications, file storage and processing be moved from desktop
to server. This can greatly simplify application deployment and
management for certain applications, extend the upgrade cycle and
reduce Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for the customer.

Howie Hunger is IBM's Director of Marketing for Net Devices 
Computing. Linux Line had a chance to talk to Howie about the new 
NetVista thin Linux clients,and how thin clients may be 
effectively deployed. Here's his answer to the first question and 
a link to the full interview:

LL: Could you first give some background on what a thin client is
why you would want to use a Linux Thin Client instead of a 
Windows PC Desktop? 

Howie: Thin clients are solutions that have evolved in the 
marketplace since about 1995. IBM entered this marketplace in 
1996.We introduced our first product and began shipping it late 
in December of 1996. Since then,IBM has been recognized in the 
thin client industry, as being one of the thought-leaders and 
market-share leaders in this class of device. 

A thin client is a desktop device that is intended to be used to 
access applications that are actually executed on a server. That 
server could be a Web-based server or it could be a server with
legacy applications, such as our zSeries[tm] or iSeries[tm], or 
it could be accessing Windows applications on a remote Windows 
server. The thin client devices have evolved dramatically and 
changed over the years. 

We at IBM have focused on being able to do many different tasks 
in the thin client, not just accessing the server-based 
applications, but actually running a browser in the device or
running Java applications in the device or user applications or
other vendor applications in the device.

Read the full interview:

by Rayme Jernigan                    Turbolinux CEO Ly-Huong Pham
Charting a New Course at Turbolinux
It has been a challenging year throughout our industry, but 
especially at Turbolinux, one of IBM's key Linux distributors. 

First there was the marriage-then-annulment with LinuxCare. Then 
in mid-July, Ly-Huong Pham moved up from Chief Operating Officer 
to CEO.Ly is moving the company forward. Rayme Jernigan, managing 
editor of the IBM Linux portals, spoke to Ly about her plans for 
Turbolinux. They discussed the Linux business, Turbolinux' 
corporate strategy, how she plans to position the company against 
the competition and how Turbolinux wants to move past operating 
system distribution alone, to begin helping customers deploy full 
Linux solutions. 

Read the full interview:



InfoWorld: Investing in Linux (Boscov's Department Store)
"Not to be overly critical of Microsoft, but because of the way 
they produce things, you need to apply patches regularly or you 
are at risk. What was driving me was to stop adding bodies to my 
staff and to stem the use of Microsoft server software, because 
it is just too expensive to upgrade every two years," Roberts 
says. To solve his problem, Roberts went back to the future, 
blending relatively new OS technology, Linux, with an almost 
ancient OS, namely an adapted version of IBM's VM, first 
introduced in 1964

CNet: How Linux saved Amazon millions
Online retailer shaved millions of dollars from its 
technology costs last quarter by switching to the Linux operating 
system, a disclosure that could provide some guidance for other 
companies seeking to cut expenses in a stagnant economy.

Computerworld: IBM Roils Linux Waters
If IBM gets its way, users will soon be thinking about operating 
systems the way investors view pork bellies: as mere commodities. 
The instrument the company will use to make this sea change in 
IT? Linux.

ZDNet: Is Microsoft losing its grip in Asia?
"The last straw for Stanley Ho, a Singapore-based system 
administrator, came in late September when the malicious Nimda 
worm attacked half the Windows-based machines under his care. 'We 
had to patch the servers daily. It's a very time consuming 
process,' said Ho, who works for a local software development 
firm, which declined to be named."

eWeek: Samba Ships Windows Directory Integration for Unix
Samba, the Windows-compatible file and print server, takes a 
major manageability step forward with Version 2.2.2, providing 
new flexibility for administrators who want to use Unix servers 
as Windows file servers.

LinuxUser: Smooth iron (Telia Net)
Opting to replace a Unix server farm with main-frame Linux made 
headlines for Telia Net last December. Ten months on, Russ Foster 
returns to find the big iron making big savings

Linux World: A strategic comparison of Windows vs. Unix
Most of the Windows versus Unix debate has been cast in terms of 
which is technically better or which is cheaper, but the real 
question is, 'Under what circumstances is it smarter to pick one 
technology rather than the other?'

Linux Magazine: Intellistation a Winner
The Intellistation is everything that you wouldn't expect a 
classic IBM product to be -- a totally hassle-free, 
non-proprietary, off-the-shelf generic PC that's extremely well 


IBM, Eclipse, and the Future of Linux Application Development
On November 5th, we announced an estimated contribution of nearly 
$40 million of research and software to, a new 
open-source community. will be supported by more 
than 50 software tool suppliers who will work with and refine an 
open platform for tool integration -- adopting the open approach 
that has been successful for Apache, J2EE and Linux.  In 
conjunction with our participation in, we are 
announcing a new family of AD tools for Windows and Linux, all 
built on Eclipse's open source technology:
- WebSphere Studio Site Developer - for Web developers, with free 
preview available this month
- WebSphere Studio Application Developer -- for Java developers, 
full production version available this month
- WebSphere Studio Enterprise Integrator -- for advanced 
cross-enterprise developers and integrators, available early next 

More than 1,200 developers have already signed on to participate 
in the Eclipse project. They recognize, as we do, the importance 
of advancing e-business tool development that boosts 
productivity, speeds time to market and and increases ROI. The 
Java-based, open source software makes it easy for developers to 
integrate software tools and middleware from multiple vendors 
into a single technology base and build what they need to create 
e-business applications and Web services.

Our new WebSphere Studio family of tools will integrate with 
existing IBM tools and tools from over 100 other providers. With 
its heritage rooted in IBM VisualAge[r] for Java, our new tool 
family will deliver the industry's broadest support for J2EE, 
XML, HTML, Web services, rich media, site design, voice, wireless 
and embedded devices. 

IBM is moving forward with our Linux strategy. Linux developers 
will be able to use Eclipse-based tools to work directly on 
Linux, rather than developing in Windows and porting to Linux. 
Our contribution of Eclipse's core technology demonstrates IBM's 
continued leadership in the open-source community. 

As part of today's announcement, we are rolling out a unique 
Business Partner program: "Ready for WebSphere Studio." This 
program is designed to validate that ISV products meet WebSphere 
Studio integration criteria. Business Partners who meet program 
requirements and can verify product interoperability will gain 
access to additional IBM marketing and enablement resources, such 
as a Web site showcasing validated Business Partners and the use 
of a "Ready for WebSphere Studio" emblem.

For more information in this important development, see:


Linux Cluster 1300 Solution
Beginning in 2000, IBM has created Linux cluster systems from IBM 
xSeries, (or the older IBM Netfinity[r]) rack-mounted systems, 
integrating them with appropriate networks, a systems management 
layer (hardware and software), and necessary services. The newly
announced IBM eServer Cluster 1300 represents a formalization or 
productization of the previous custom built cluster technology.
These initial offerings consisted of custom configured hardware 
and software to meet the customers' needs, coupled with 
appropriate services to do custom installation, and necessary 
support. They were sold as special bid systems, as opposed to 
formal products.

Get all the details:


Linux Students Rock the World
In an earlier edition of Linux Line we noted that IBM was holding 
a contest for college students called the Linux Scholar 
Challenge. The idea was for students to select a Linux project 
that enhances usability, creates an application, or develops 
tools for the Linux environment and submit it for evaluation. 

Winners would receive one of 25 IBM ThinkPads, and three 
qualified winners would be offered Summer 2002 internships at 
IBM's Linux Technology Center. And the university with the 
highest average score of student entries (with a minimum of 10 
entries), would get their choice of a 16-node Linux Cluster, or 
entry-level IBM zSeries Linux server.

We thought we'd get a pretty good response. After all, Linux is 
ideally suited for a university environment. It's open, it's 
accessible, it's powerful, it's cool. Oh yes, and it's free. 

Maybe a couple of hundred submissions, the executives thought. 
That would be great. But when submissions were closed and we 
tallied them up, we had received 1462 applications from students 
at 669 universities in 64 countries!

The winners will be announced in mid-December. Visit the IBM 
Linux Web site at:
around then to get details on who won what where and why.


Replay of PartnerWorld for Software Webcast/Broadcast 
This broadcast covered what IBM and PWSW Partners are doing to 
enable and provide solutions based on Linux. It highlighted 
IBM's software, solutions, alliances, open source, customer 
references, and key Linux initiatives for IBM Business Partners. 

It covered IBM's software portfolio - - the industry's broadest 
software offerings for Linux that allow Business Partners to 
build and deliver, and customers to deploy applications in 
today's e-business environment. In addition, the meeting 
explored Linux's potential to become the vendor-neutral, open 
standards, reference platform for the next generation of 
e-business. The host and presenter was Scott Handy, Director of 
Linux Solutions Marketing, IBM Software Group. There were also 
success stories from IBM Business Partners implementing 
Linux-based solutions using our IBM software for Linux. If you 
missed the broadcast, you can watch the replay on the Internet or 
get a copy. The replay will be available for 90 days after the 
September 25 broadcast at:
        Enter userid and password
        Select Events -> Broadcasts -> September 25 Broadcast
               or at:

Mainline Information Systems Joins With Bynari to Deliver Linux 
IBM solution provider Mainline Information Systems and Bynari 
Inc., an IBM Linux Influencer Partner, have announced that they 
have formed a strategic alliance to deliver comprehensive Linux 
solutions for the IBM product line. Mainline will market Bynari's 
Insight Server and client solutions. Insight Server executes on 
all IBM eServer platforms while the Insight client allows Linux 
and UNIX workstations to work with Microsoft's Exchange/Outlook 
solutions in heterogeneous enterprises. Mainline's will also 
offer services capability including 24x7 help desk support for 
IBM Linux, installation, and training and support.

If you're not already an IBM Business Partner, you can find out 
what the program is all about, become part of it and gain access 
to these special Business Partner resources by visiting:

Have you looked at the world through the Linux Lens lately? Linux 
Lens is the section of that helps Business 
Partners keep current on the hot news in the cool world of Linux.
You'll find links to that and a host of other Linux information 
for Business Partners at:

The e-Business Sales Essentials 2 course is now available for IBM 
Business Partners. Register today at:

LINUX LEAPS: Forging New Ground in Linux 

ZDNet: Linux robot man treks into Europe
Japanese scientists are planning to demonstrate a walking, 
Linux-operated, humanoid robot at an open source event in Italy 
next month. Sony to release Linux Playstation 2 in U.S.
Sony Computer Entertainment Inc will launch a Linux-enabled 
version of its PlayStation 2 in the U.S. market, an executive 
from the company said Monday. In the opening keynote at the 
Rambus Developer Forum here, Shin'ichi Okamoto, senior vice 
president and chief technical officer said that although he 
couldn't provide a U.S. release date yet, "we'll be able to 
announce it soon."

InfoWorld: IBM boosts mainframe speed
Trying to build on the budding popularity of its Linux-based 
mainframes, IBM announced a handful of capabilities designed to 
significantly improve the speed and security of its z900 
mainframes along with refreshed versions of its z/OS and z/VM 
operating systems.
ZDNet: Sharp hands over Linux handheld
Sharp announced that it will make its Zaurus SL-5000D handheld 
available in November for developers. As previously reported, the 
handheld will use a version of the Linux operating system

Linux Today: NSA: Third Public Release SELinux
The third public release of the LSM-based SELinux prototype was 
made by the National Security Agency. This release contains 
several bug fixes and improvements to both LSM and SELinux and is 
based on the lsm-2001_10_11 patch against kernel 2.4.12. See 
selinux/ChangeLog for a detailed summary of the changes.

IBM/alphaWorks: C/C++ Eclipse Plugin
C/C++ IDE Plugin for the Eclipse Project workbench provides a 
fully functional C and C++ Integrated Development Environment 
(IDE). The IDE is not bound to any compiler; it can be used with 
any C/C++ compiler (for example, gcc). C/C++ IDE Plugin includes 
its own C/C++ parser for gathering information from projects. The 
parsed information is then used by other tools to provide 
information about the project. The C/C++ Plugin is written in 
Java and is therefore platform-independent.


IBM xSeries: First Intel vendor with Red Hat Linux 7.2 support, 
preloads Red Hat's new Red Hat Linux 7.2 release is now generally 
available.IBM xSeries is the first Intel hardware vendor to offer 
support and preloads of this new release. As of November 1 in the 
U.S., IBM now offers support and preloads on x330 and x220 
servers. Additional uni and two way processor machine type models 
will follow later in November. We will continue to offer Red Hat 
Linux 7.1 as a preload to support customers who have not migrated 
to Red Hat Linux 7.2.  

New Features of Red Hat Linux 7.2:
Improved Installation
- Automatic Partitioning selects the best partition setup for 
your system
- Graphical Partitioning tool allows quick changes to partition 
- Network Configuration Tool makes setting up network connections 
- Auto-Kickstart profiling for easy installation and upgrading of 
other machines
- Use Graphical Kickstart Configurations for customized, 
unattended installs 
- Configure a firewall during installation with added security
Easier User Management/System Administration
- New User Management tool makes it easier to add, remove and 
modify users/users
in groups.

More User Interface Options
- New Control panel gives access to Red Hat Configuration tools 
from one centralized location
- Quickly browse images and text files through a new file manager 
interface (GNOME 1.4 with Nautilus File Manager)
- Graphical display of files and directories allows easy move, 
copy and delete
- Hardware Viewing Tool shows peripheral or system hardware with 
a graphical tool allowing easier hardware diagnosis

Enhanced reliability with ext3 Journaling File System
- Adds file journaling features, writing changes to disk in two 
- Fast File system recovery in seconds afer a crash
- Improved Data Consistancy (after a crash or power loss)
Increased Device Support
- Compatible with more hardware than ever

Improved management of vitual hosts using Red Hat's Graphical 
Configuration Tool Set for Apache

Easier DNS Configurations using Red Hat's Graphical Configuration 
Tool Set for BIND Configuration

IBM will support Red Hat Linux 7.2 across the xSeries product 
line, including 4 way and 8 way systems. Certification of xSeries 
hardware  by Red Hat has already begun and most will be complete 
by Nov 1 (also the first hardware vendor to do so with Red Hat).  
We will be posting support by IBM our web page beginning Nov 1. 
For Red Hat certification status, go to:
For IBM Linux support status:


Now Available: 13 eServer xSeries Sizing Guides
eServer xSeries continues to expand its list of eServer xSeries 
sizing guides for popular Open Source and ISV application 
software. Six new sizing guides were added. So the Sizing Guides 
now available are:
        1. Apache HTTP Web Server (Open Source)
        2. DB2 EE
        3. IBM HTTP Web Server (using IBM SWG)
        4. Linux Gateway (Firewall and Proxy)
        5. RealNetworks RealServer
        6. Samba File and Print Server
        7. Checkpoint VPN 
        8. Checkpoint Firewall
        9. Net-Tech Linux ASP Solution
        10. Shuttlesoft
        11. Tarantella
        12. Zeus Web Server
        13. Sendmail Mail Server
See our expanding 
to see our expanding list.


Cluster Starter Kit for Linux Available
This Kit is a free demonstration application showcasing IBM's 
Cluster System Management for Linux. Cluster Starter Kit for 
Linux enables you to create and monitor your cluster of up to six 
nodes from a single point of control.Cluster Starter Kit for 
Linux features include:
- Easy definition and configuration of the Linux cluster
- Ability to monitor node conditions, including node 
availability, network status, CPU usage, memory usage, filesystem 
status, and HTTP information
- Ability to execute a command simultaneously across nodes of the 
- Ability to monitor the entire cluster, a group within the 
cluster or one node
- Both a command line interface and an easy-to-use graphical user 
- A graphical display of cluster and node group performance


e-VoiceTour Authoring & Publishing Tool on IBM Linux iSeries 
e-VoiceTour, recently announced for IBM eServer iSeries, allows 
organizations to easily author and publish media-rich content, 
delivered over the Internet by content/information owners without 
sophisticated PC and HTML programming skills. e-VoiceTour is 
based upon a Windows authoring client and an iServer Linux 
partition. Multimedia content is delivered to both internal and 
external audiences without specialized plug-in software and 
through firewalls, making it a more universal delivery medium. 
e-VoiceTour benefits sales, marketing, communications and HR 
functions and is the next step in the evolution Linux Multimedia 
Internet authoring, publishing and online collaboration.
Internet-delivered presentations are an easy way to refresh 
content frequently, provide media-rich product drill-downs, 
distribute online sales presentations and provide online 
help-desk function or training and course content. More 
information and to obtain a trial version:


FDR/Upstream Provides Enterprise Storage Management for Linux on 
OS/390[r] and z/OS
FDR/Upstream from Innovative Data Processing provides a highly 
reliable, centralized solution that features high-speed 
performance that leverages the existing automation features and 
systems of the OS/390 and z/OS Server. Upstream uses the existing 
OS/390 tape management system, job scheduling systems and OS/390 
mainframe security systems. The Upstream solution integrates 
automated logical backup/restore, archive, file transfer, and 
disaster recovery vaulting with centrally administered profile 
policy management to ensure data integrity. UPSTREAM can be 
remotely administered from any workstation using the new full 
featured "UPSTREAM Director" Java GUI. Upstream supports SuSE 
Linux, Turbo Linux, and Marist on S/390 and includes:
- Command line, character mode, UPSTREAM Director Client 
- Full-featured daemon
- Backup, restore, file transfer and other UPSTREAM storage 
management features
- A variety of file system features including hard links, 
symbolic links, owners, NFS, single file system support, etc. 
More information:


IBM Creates Comprehensive Linux Package for Film, Graphics, and 
IBM has announced the Linux Digital Studio Solution, its first 
complete Linux-based solution for the media and entertainment 
industry. The package represents a comprehensive suite of IBM 
workstations, servers, storage and services all designed to 
support animators, special effects wizards and digital media 
producers as their work increasingly takes advantage of Linux.


IBM Certifies Red Hat Linux 7.1 and Multi-threaded Applications 
On New Workstation IBM has certified IntelliStation M Pro 
workstation quipped with Intel(R) Xeon(TM) dual processors. Work 
is currently in progress for certification of other Linux-based 
business-critical, multi-threaded workstation applications 
designed to take advantage of dual processors, adding to the more 
than 200 already certified for the IntelliStation line -- four 
times more certifications than any other workstation supplier.


IBM Software Evaluation Kit for Linux Available Worldwide
IBM has made available a free software kit that will help 
developers create new applications for the Linux market. With the 
number of Linux-based applications growing over 40 percent this 
year, this evaluation kit will help drive new applications for a 
variety of industries, including finance, retail, and 
education.The Software Evaluation Kit (SEK) for Linux contains 
our industry-leading middleware. The CD is a compilation of IBM 
software on the Linux and Windows platforms that allows 
developers to preview the offerings and develop applications for 
them at no charge. Developers can use the Kit to create 
applications on either Windows or Linux for deployment on a Linux 
server environment. 
Questions or comments about the SEK? Send a note to Duffy Fron at
To obtain a free kit: 
Questions or comments about the SEK? Send a note to Duffy Fron at

Diveo - With seven state-of-the-art Internet data centers in 
Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Miami, Florida, Diveo 
Broadband Networks, Inc. (Diveo) serves the Latin American market 
with world-class hosting, co-location and managed services as 
well as broadband network connectivity. Taking advantage of the 
growing popularity of Linux, Diveo has begun to offer its 
customers Red Hat Linux on xSeries and pSeries servers. A new 
alliance between the IBM Net Generation Business group and Diveo 
projects sales of $12 million in one year, including Diveo 
hosting services and Linux-ready WebSphere and DB2 software by 
You can always find our latest Linux customer Case Studies at:

APPetizers: Porting Linux to New Horizons

ServerProven Solutions
As of October 2001, the number of IBM eServer xSeries Linux 
ServerProven solutions continues to expand.  Now there are over 
250 companies that have completed over 500 test scenarios with 
over 350 applications. To make finding the right solution easier 
from the growing list of validated ServerProven applications for 
Linux on xSeries, we have introduced a new website. Go to: 
You can search by industry, company or solution name, allowing you 
to more quickly locate the solutions you need. If you would like to 
validate an ISV application using the ServerProven program, you 
also can find out how to do that at the same location. Here are 
just a few examples of ISVs that have ported their great 
applications to Linux and validated the solutions work great on 
IBM eServer xSeries through the ServerProven program:
AccPac International, Inc., 
Alabanza Corporation 
eGrail Inc. 
Legato Systems Inc.
Lotus Software
Magic Software
MarCole Enterprises
Mission Critical
Progress Software
Rational Software
SAS Institute Inc.
Sendmail Inc.
SteelEye Technologies
Zeus Technologies

iSeries Linux Test Drive
ISVs will soon have a new option for porting and testing their 
Linux applications on iSeries. The iSeries Linux Test Drive will 
enable ISVs to access Linux running in a partition on iSeries via 
the Internet. The ISVs will complete a simple nomination, 
detemine if they want access to a shared or dedicated Linux 
partition, pay a nominal fee, and work with IBM to schedule a 
slot on the Test Drive server. The ISV will have 30 days of 
access to the Test Drive server. Plans are in place to be open 
for business in mid-November.Watch 
for the opening announcement.   

New Linux Solutions
With SuSE and Turbolinux now providing distributions for iSeries, 
ISVs are taking advantage of this new opportunity and announcing 
solutions for Linux on iSeries. ISVs announcing solutions 
DI Atlantis Solution from Dimensional Insight              
eMerchant from Magic Software                                    
Parallel Sort Engine and ETL Interface from Cosort               
Patrol system-management from BMC                                
Web-up from Query
e-Voice Tour from RealPerson
Linux General Ledger                                             
PentaSafe Vigilent Security Agent                                

DEVELOPments: Tickling Technology Forward

Take a peek at the future: Linux AD
On November 5th, IBM announced that it was open sourcing $40 
Million worth of code to provide a common framework for the AD 
tools community. We also announced WebSphere Studio
Application Developer, which contains some of the same code base. 

WebSphere Studio Application Developer will run on both Linux and 
Windows. The Linux preview won't be available until later this 
year, but you can get a feel for WSAD with this Flash demo
and pre-register for notification when a Linux version is available

Moving from Solaris to Linux
A piece in IBM/developerWorks caught our eye this month. If you 
like a good overview of the issues involved in porting from 
Solaris to Linux, or wonder why you might want to, the 
"Solaris-to-Linux porting guide," by Malcom Zung and Brian 
Thomson is a must read. It also contains extensive links and 
resources. See:

Migration Services Consolidate file/print & Web serving workloads 
to Linux zSeries
This services offering is for customers who want to consolidate 
workload on their Windows NT and/or UNIX server farms. Customers 
often have these operating systems as their server platforms. 
Migration Services to Linux on zSeries services offering provides 
server consolidation of those workloads which can minimize the 
Total Cost of Ownership, enable system management capabilities 
and enhance application availability.
New IBM Installation Services for Linux pSeries & xSeries 

IBM has introduced two Licensed Program Products (LPP) to aid 
customers in the management of Linux clusters and expand the 
solution set for clusters by enabling the use of very large file 
systems. The first LPP is Cluster Systems Management (CSM), which 
provides a single point-of-control,network install capability, 
configuration repository and other features for managing a large 
cluster.The second LPP,General Purpose File System (GPFS) is a 
standard-based, highly available, scalable file system, which 
allows processes running on different nodes in a cluster to share 
files as if they were running on a single node. This new service 
provides the installation planning and installtion for these two 

Middleware Enablement Services for Linux 
These services are for customers who want to deploy IBM 
middleware such as DB2[r], MQSeries[r] or WebSphere[r], IBM 
Global Services specialists will assist you with planning, 
installing and configuring your software and related products and 
getting your e-business up and running smoothly and quickly. This 
includes providing basic skill instruction for customer 
operations personnel so they can maintain and support their own 

Visit our website at
to learn more about the worldwide services that IBM Global Services 
offers for Linux customers.

SUPPORTING LINUX: New IBM Redpapers help you deploy Linux

IBM's Redbooks and Redpapers can help you plan and deploy Linux 
solutions. You can locate these valuable Linux resources: Here are three of the newest papers you can 
find at this site: 
- "Running the Linux 2.4 Kernel on IBM eServer xSeries Servers" 
is now available! Intended for technical staff within IBM, our 
customers, and our business partners who intend to make use of 
the latest version of the Linux kernel (V2.4.) The new kernel 
offers a number of features and  enhancements not previously 
available, which make LInux even more suitable as an 
enterprise-class operating system. 
- "Using the xSeries 135 Web Server Appliance is available! This 
paper describes how to setup and use the IBMeServer xSeries 135 
Web Server appliance. This Red Hat Linux-based appliance is 
ideal for medium to large enterprises, Internet Service Providers 
(ISPs) and Application Solution Providers (ASPs). It is 
preconfigured with hardware and software and is designed for 
quick and easy setup out of the box, which greatly reduces 
deployment time for enterprises with multiple Web hosts.

- "Implementing Linux with IBM Disk Storage" is available! This 
redbook documents the experiences of a team of IT professionals 
who implemented Linux using IBM disk storage. The 
implementations were done using the ESS and the FAStT in xSeries 
environments, and the ESS in a z/VM environment. This redbook 
will help IT professionals in the field when starting 
implementations of Linux and looking to benefit from the powerful 
functions of the IBM disk storage servers, the ESS and the FAStT.


LinuxWorld Germany ended Nov. 1 after more than 20,000 visitors
attended events at the Frankfurt convention center -- a 20% 
increase in attendance year-over-year.

Here are some highlights:
- Key Note Speech given by Erich Clementi,VP IBM Enterprise 
Systems Group, EMEA on Oct.30th."Innovations for e-business with 
Linux," played to a no-empty-seats crowd.
- IBM Linux Customer Day held on Oct.31st drew about 80 Top IT 
  German speaking Decision Makers to hear IBM Linux Executives, 
  Customers and Partners.Feedback from customers was good.
- University Day:Four universities were invited to LinuxWorld and 
the students enthusiastically discussed Linux strategy with 
IBMers and partners.
- Press Activities: A great number of interviews and events were 
attended by the media. 
Upcoming Events

eServer/Linux Roadshows In Europe 
Through November
The eServer/Linux Roadshow will be traveling though 21 Cities in 
EMEA targeting CIO/IT management. The full day event will open 
with a main tent session on "eInfrastructure & Linux" followed by 
afternoon announcement tracks including  eServer, SWG, Storage, 
European dates and cities:

LinuxWorld Conference & Expo NYC 
January 30 - February 1, 2002. 
The show at the Jacob K. Javits Center is expected to draw 20,000 
attendees. IBM's day one conference keynote speaker is William M. 
Zeitler, Sr. VP & Group Executive, Server Group IBM. IBM will 
have two booths at the show in order to focus on both our 
customers and the Linux community. The IBM main booth will 
include an Application Showcase featuring key ISV's as well as 
IBM Linux solutions. The second booth known as the "Developer 
Habitat" will feature test drive stations, porting stations and 
chats with our Linux Technology Center developers. Our second 
annual " IBM Customer Day" on January 30th will be hosted by 
Steve Solazzo, WW Linux VP. Lunch breakouts session will include 
specific Linux Industry content from industry leaders, business 
partners and our customers currently using Linux. In the 
afternoon customers will attend two conference panel sessions: 
"C23 Gaining a Competitive Advantage with Linux Applications",  
Steve Solazzo, and "C13 Best Practices with Linux for an 
eBusiness Infrastructure", Daniel Frye, Director IBM Linux 
Technology Ctr. The day will conclude with an Executive Cocktail 
Party. If you are interested in our "IBM Customer Day" please 
send a note to 
Show information:

January 30 - February 1, 2002. 
The show at the CNIT Paris,la Défense expects to draw over 8,600 
attendees. IBM has the opening keynote January 30, 2002 by Eric 
Auvray, VP of Linux, West Region on "IBM-Linux: a business 
reality." An IBM Customer Day is also planned for January 30. 
The IBM Booth will incorporate IBM Business Partners,ISVs and 
Linux solutions.  
Show information:
For complete IBM Linux Event listings, please visit:

Learning Linux

developerWorks class: Introduction to Linux and the IBM Framework 
for e-business 
Nov. 27-28, 2001 
Waltham, MA 
Spend 2 days learning how to get the most out of Linux. You'll 
get an overview of Linux from IBM instructors, hear about its 
history and future, and discover the value of the IBM Framework 
for e-business middleware on Linux. This exclusive, no-charge 
opportunity is offered to you by developerWorks and targets 
software developers and Web administrators who are interested in 
learning more about the IBM Framework for e-business and how it 
relates to Linux. Specifically, you will find out how to install 
Red Hat Linux 7.0, WebSphere Application Server Version 3.5, IBM 
HTTP Server, and DB2 Universal Database. You will learn operating 
system administration basics, how to configure X Windows, how to 
configure WebSphere with DB2 and MQSeries, along with general 
troubleshooting tips to increase your proficiency in the Linux 
environment. Attendees should have a working knowledge of 
operating system administration and Internet technologies, and a 
general knowledge of databases, application servers, and 
Details and registration:                        

Getting Started with Linux and DB2 Universal Database
This two-day workshop is designed to help you understand the 
fundamentals of the Linux operating system. This session will 
provide the technical foundation necessary to accelerate your 
application development and offerings for Linux using the DB2 
Universal Database. Marketing benefits of registration in the 
Global Solutions Directory and DB2 Certification will also be 
addressed in this
workshop. Details:

IBM Learning Services

Take advantage of IBM's broad range of training courses to help 
you and your colleagues master the skills and certification 
needed to achieve your goals for Linux. IBM Learning Services 
offers a broad range of choices: from instructor-led courses with 
hands-on labs, to Web-delivered e-Learning courses, to 
satellite-delivered courses in the U.S., to technical 
conferences.  We offer Linux education in five languages in more 
than 20 countries. Our global reach and strong record for quality 
training gives you the assurance that you and your colleagues can 
get the training you need to accelerate the adoption of open 
source solutions.

Learning Services Courses 

Linux Clustering with CSM & GPFS (QLX31) - 2 Days 
Learn how to install Linux clusters and how to install and 
configure IBM's Cluster Systems Management (CSM) product and 
General parallel File System for AIX (GPFS) on Linux clusters 
view schedules, descriptions and enroll at:
or call 1-800-IBM-TEACH (426-8322). 

Linux Professional Institute Education and Certification
LPI is a non-profit organization involved with setting standards 
for professional certification. It is neutral to vendors of Linux 
and training. IBM Learning Services can prepare you to obtain 
this certification by offering the following courses:
        Linux Basics 
        Linux System Administration 
        Linux Advanced System Administration 
        Linux TCP/IP Administration
                Linux e-business with Apache 
                Linux Integration with Windows (Samba) 
Alternatively, if you have general UNIX experience, you can use 
the following course to prepare yourself:
        Linux for UNIX Professionals
Once you are ready to become LPI certified, certification is 
offered through the Linux Professional Institute 
The LPI exams are deployed globally in English through the 1,700 
testing centers operated by Virtual University Enterprises (VUE).

Red Hat Linux Education and Certification
Red Hat began operations in 1994 and has become the leading 
distributor of Linux in the US. IBM Learning Services offers Red 
Hat's hands-on, real-world Red Hat Certified Engineer(tm)(RHCE)(tm)
Program, including training and certification of Red Hat 
Linux professionals. 

IBM also offers courses to help you to prepare for the RHCE 
Certification exam. You can prepare for the certification exam by 
taking the
following courses: 
        Introduction to Red Hat Linux I, II 
        Red Hat Linux System Administration I, II
        Red Hat Linux Networking and Security Administration 
Once you are ready to take the RHCE examination, two choices are 
        Red Hat Certified Engineer 
        RHCE Certification Lab Exam
For exam schedules, as well as schedules for the other RHCE 
courses that IBM offers in the US, call 1-800-IBM-TEACH 
(426-8322) or Get details online at:

Linux on zSeries for Solaris Administrators (QLX18) - 4 days
If you are a Sun Solaris Administrator or a skilled UNIX 
administrator and you need the knowledge to transition quickly to 
Linux on a zSeries servers, then this class is for you.  View 
schedules, descriptions and enroll online at:
or call 1-800-IBM-TEACH (426-8322). 

zSeries and S/390 Linux Education
IBM Learning Services has  four new courses for those of you 
wanting to implement Linux on a S/390 or zSeries platform. 
 - Linux on zSeries for Solaris Administrators (QLX18) - a 4-day 
course for UNIX or Solaris Administrators to learn how to 
administer Linux on zSeries servers.
 - VM Basics for Linux (ZV050) - a new 2-day course focusing on 
building the VM infrastructure to support Linux on an S/390 or 
zSeries platform
 - Linux Basics - An S/390 Perspective (HLX13) - a 2-day course 
for the S/390 professional needing basic education about Linux.  
This is a subset of the ILS course Linux Basics (course code 
QLX13) and is delivered by an S/390-knowledgeable instructor.
 - Linux Implementation for S/390 (ZL100) - a 3-day course 
focused on the planning and tasks that are particular to 
implementation of Linux on the S/390 platform.  Pre-requisites 
are ZV050 or HLX13 or both depending upon the background skill 
and experience of the individual.

View schedules, descriptions and enroll online at:
or call 1-800-IBM-TEACH (426-8322). 

All of the above courses are available for delivery at IBM 
locations as well as onsite at the customer location. Customized 
versions can be tailored to meet a specific customer's education 
requirements. Hands-on labs are used in all of the courses to 
reinforce the concepts discussed in lecture.  Also, these courses 
are part of the worldwide ILS curricula for VM and Linux.  Be 
sure to reference the appropriate course code shown above.  

Technical Conferences

z/OS and OS/390 EXPO - featuring Linux for zSeries
October 7-11, 2002 - Miami Beach, Florida

z/VM, VSE and Linux on IBM Enterprise Servers Conference
October 7-11, 2002 - Miami Beach, Florida

IBM eServer pSeries (RS/6000) and Linux Technical University
October 14-18, 2002 - Dallas, Texas

Conference Details and Information on our Web site at:

Did You Know?

For the first time since D.H.Brown Associates,Inc. began studying 
the functional capabilities of Linux-based operating systems,the 
strongest Linux distributions have outpaced the weakest UNIX 
systems in overall functionality.  
The distributions that use the newest version 2.4 Linux kernel 
benefit from a number of features that improve scalability and 
robustness. All vendors have increased the breadth and depth of 
their bundled network infrastructure software, with significant 
improvements in features related to directory and security 
services.SuSe Linux 7.2 has the overall functional lead among the 
Linux distributions studied. 
         --- D.H. Brown Assoc., Inc. 2001 Linux Function Overview

Software will be commoditized (especially infrastructure 
software) just as hardware has been and over the next five years 
Linux will be a force in the server and embedded operating system 
One-third of CIOs in our surveys expect to purchase Linux-based 
systems in the next 18 months with interest higher in Europe than 
the U.S.
Red Hat says it is seeing signs of enterprise adoption,including 
Cisco putting Red Hat on 4,000 servers, Morgan Stanley shifting 
some work from Solaris to Linux, and 25 pilots for Linux on IBM 
mainframes progressing. Price and security favor Linux; the NSA 
uses Linux.  
Red Hat argues that by 2005 there will be two operating systems: 
Microsoft's and Linux. We think that statement is aggressive but 
directionally correct.  Linux is more a threat to Solaris than 
  --- Merrill Lynch's Steve Milunovich after meeting with Red Hat 

IBM is one of the first names customers think of in terms of 
Linux, second only to
Red Hat.        
  --- Merrill Lynch Enterprise CIO Survey - summer 2001 

For Further Surfing

IBM Linux Portal

IBM Linux Education

Business Partner Technical Support

Business Partner Marketing Support

Open-Source Development Lab Web site

Open-Source Data Network,

Next Issue

Stay tuned each quarter for more breaking news, Linux solutions,
innovative applications, facts, figures, and food for thought.  
Also, you can look forward to more exclusive interviews with 
leading executives from the broad world of Linux -- from
distributors to ISVs to open-source gurus -- and fresh, current 
commentary from the analyst community.

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(c) 2001. International Business Machines Corporation. Permission 
to copy and distribute in unmodified form for non-commercial 
purposes is granted. LEGAL DISCLAIMERS HERE

IBM, the e-business logo, xSeries, iSeries, zSeries, OS/390, 
OS/400, DB2, DB2 UDB, MQSeries, Netfinity, and S/390 are 
trademarks or registered trademarks of 
International Business Machines Corporation.

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group.

Java and all Java-related trademarks are trademarks of Sun 
Microsystems, Inc., in the United States and other countries.

Windows and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft 

All articles in this publication written by non-IBM authors 
represent the opinions of their authors only and not necessarily 
those of IBM.

All customer implementations described in this newsletter are 
presented as examples of how those customers have implemented 
the solutions described. As customer environments vary, similar 
results may not be obtained elsewhere.

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