January 10, 2002

We can put an end to Word attachments

Author: JT Smith

- By Richard Stallman-

Don't you just hate receiving Word documents in email messages? Word
attachments are annoying, but worse than that, they impede people from
switching to free software. Maybe we can stop this practice with a
simple collective effort. All we have to do is ask each person who
sends us a Word file to reconsider that way of doing things.

Most computer users use Microsoft Word. That is unfortunate for them,
because Word is proprietary software, denying its users the freedom to
study, change, copy, and redistribute it. And because Microsoft
changes the Word file format with each release, its users are locked
into a system that compels them to buy each upgrade whether they want
a change or not. They may even find, several years from now, that the
Word documents they are writing this year can no longer be read with
the version of Word they use then.

But it hurts us, too, when they assume we use Word and send us (or
demand that we send them) documents in Word format. Some people
publish or post documents in Word format. Some organizations will
only accept files in Word format: Someone I know was unable to apply
for a job because resumes had to be Word files. Even governments
sometimes impose Word format on the public, which is truly outrageous.

For us users of free operating systems, receiving Word documents is an
inconvenience. But the worst impact of sending Word format is on
people who might switch to free systems: They hesitate because they
feel they must have Word available to read the Word files they
receive. The practice of using the secret Word format for interchange
impedes the growth of our community and the spread of freedom. While
we notice the occasional annoyance of receiving a Word document, this
steady and persistent harm to our community usually doesn't come to
our attention. But it is happening all the time.

Many GNU users who receive Word documents try to find ways to handle
with them. You can manage to find the somewhat obfuscated ASCII text
in the file by skimming through it. There is free software now that
can read some subset of Word documents. The format is secret and has
not been entirely decoded; as long as Microsoft keeps changing the
format, we can't expect these programs to be perfect.

If you think of the document you received as an isolated event, it is
natural to try to cope with it on your own. But when you recognize it
as an instance of a pernicious systematic practice, it calls for a
different approach. Managing to read the file is treating a symptom
of a chronic illness. To cure the illness, we must convince people
not to send or post Word documents.

For about a year, I've made a practice of responding to Word
attachments with a polite message explaining why the practice of
sending Word files is a bad thing, and asking the person to resend the
material in a non-secret format. This is a lot less work than trying
to read the somewhat obfuscated ASCII text in the Word file. And I
find that people usually understand the issue, and many say they will
not send Word files to others any more.

If we all do this, we will have a much larger effect. People who
disregard one polite request may change their practice when they
receive multiple polite requests from various people. We may be able
to give "don't send Word format" the status of netiquette, if we start
systematically raising the issue with everyone who sends us Word

To make this effort efficient, you will probably want to develop a
canned reply that you can quickly send each time it is necessary.
I've included two examples: the version I have been using recently,
followed by a new version that teaches a Word user how to convert to
other useful formats.

You can use these replies verbatim if you like, or you can personalize
them or write your own. By all means, construct a reply that fits your
ideas and your personality -- if the replies are personal and not all
alike, that will make the campaign more effective.

These replies are meant for individuals who send Word files. When you
encounter an organization that imposes use of Word format, that calls
for a different sort of reply; there you can raise issues of fairness
that would not apply to an individual's actions.

With our numbers, simply by asking, we can make a difference.

Example No. 1:

You sent the attachment in Microsoft Word format, a secret proprietary
format, so I cannot read it. If you send me the plain text, HTML, or
PDF, then I could read it.

Sending people documents in Word format has bad effects, because that
practice puts pressure on them to use Microsoft software. In effect,
you become a buttress of the Microsoft monopoly. This specific
problem is a major obstacle to the broader adoption of GNU/Linux.
Would you please reconsider the use of Word format for communication
with other people?

Example No. 2:

You sent the attachment in Microsoft Word format, a secret proprietary
format, so it is hard for me to read. If you send me plain text,
HTML, or PDF, then I will read it.

Distributing documents in Word format is bad for you and for others.
You can't be sure what they will look like if someone views them
with a different version of Word; they may not work at all.

Receiving Word attachments is bad for you because they can carry
viruses (see http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/acro.html).
Sending Word attachments is bad for you, because a Word document
normally includes hidden information about the author, enabling those
in the know to pry into the author's activities (maybe yours). Text
that you think you deleted may still be embarrassingly present. See
http://www.microsystems.com/Shares_Well.htm for more info.

But above all, sending people Word documents puts pressure on them to
use Microsoft software and helps to deny them any other choice. In
effect, you become a buttress of the Microsoft monopoly. This
pressure is a major obstacle to the broader adoption of free software.
Would you please reconsider the use of Word format for communication
with other people?

Converting the file to HTML is simple. Open the document, click on
File, then Save As, and in the Save As Type strip box at the bottom of
the box, choose HTML Document or Web Page. Then choose Save. You can
then attach the new HTML document instead of your Word document. Note
that versions of Word change in inconsistent ways -- if you see slightly different
menu item names, please try them.

To convert to plain text is almost the same -- instead of HTML Document,
choose Text Only or Text Document as the Save As Type.

Example No. 3:

Here's another approach, suggested by Bob Chassell. It requires that
you edit it for the specific example, and it presumes you have a way
to extract the contents and see how long they are.

I am puzzled. Why did you choose to send me 876,377 bytes in your
recent message when the content is only 27,133 bytes?

You sent me five files in the non-standard, bloated .doc format that
is Microsoft's secret, rather than in the international, public, and
more efficient format of plain text.

Microsoft can (and did recently in Kenya and Brazil) have local police
enforce laws that prohibit students from studying the code, prohibit
entrepreneurs starting new companies, and prohibit professionals
offering their services. Please don't give them your support.

Copyright 2001 Richard Stallman
Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article are permitted
without royalty provided the copyright notice and this notice are preserved.

Guest columns are the opinions of their authors and may not reflect the opinions of NewsForge.com, Linux.com or their corporate owners.


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