Every time you open a webpage on your computer, data packets are sent and received on your network interface. Sometimes, analyzing these packets becomes important for many reasons. Thankfully, Linux offers a command line utility that dumps information related to these data packets in output.
In this article, we will discuss the basics of the tool in question – tcpdump. But before we do that, it’s worth mentioning that all examples here have been tested on an Ubuntu 18.04 LTS machine.
Linux tcpdump command
The tcpdump command in Linux lets you dump traffic on a network. Following is its syntax in short:
Here’s the detailed syntax:
tcpdump [ -AbdDefhHIJKlLnNOpqStuUvxX# ] [ -B buffer_size ] [ -c count ] [ -C file_size ] [ -G rotate_seconds ] [ -F file ] [ -i interface ] [ -j tstamp_type ] [ -m module ] [ -M secret ] [ --number ] [ -Q in|out|inout ] [ -r file ] [ -V file ] [ -s snaplen ] [ -T type ] [ -w file ] [ -W filecount ] [ -E spi@ipaddr algo:secret,... ] [ -y datalinktype ] [ -z postrotate-command ] [ -Z user ] [ --time-stamp-precision=tstamp_precision ] [ --immediate-mode ] [ --version ] [ expression ]
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