A Brief History of Open Source Software, Part 2: OSS Licenses and Legalities

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It would not be an exaggeration to say that the magic of open source software (OSS) is based as much on legal innovation as it is on collaboration. Indeed, the essential innovation that launched free and open source software was not Richard Stallmans GNU Project, but his announcement of a revolutionary new licensing philosophy, and the actual license agreements needed to put that philosophy into effect. Only later did global collaboration among developers explode, riding the wave of Stallman’s licenses, Linus Torvald’s pioneering work in creating the distributed development process, and rapidly increasing telecommunications bandwidth.
[Source: Andy Updegrove]